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Table Of Contents

1.1Purpose and performance of measurement systems
1.2Structure of measurement systems
1.3Examples of measurement systems
1.4 Block diagram symbols
2Static Characteristics of Measurement System Elements
2.1 Systematic characteristics
2.2 GENERALISED MODEL OF A SYSTEM ELEMENT 15
2.2Generalised model of a system element
2.3 Statistical characteristics
2.4 IDENTIFICATION OF STATIC CHARACTERISTICS – CALIBRATION 21
2.4Identification of static characteristics – calibration
3.1Measurement error of a system of ideal elements
3.3Error reduction techniques
4.1Transfer function G(s) for typical system elements
4.2Identification of the dynamics of an element
4.3 DYNAMIC ERRORS IN MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS 65
4.3Dynamic errors in measurement systems
4.4Techniques for dynamic compensation
5Loading Effects and Two-port Networks
5.1 Electrical loading
5.2Two-port networks
6Signals and Noise in Measurement Systems
6.2Statistical representation of random signals
6.3 EFFECTS OF NOISE AND INTERFERENCE ON MEASUREMENT CIRCUITS 107
6.3Effects of noise and interference on measurement circuits
6.4Noise sources and coupling mechanisms
6.5 METHODS OF REDUCING EFFECTS OF NOISE AND INTERFERENCE 113
6.5Methods of reducing effects of noise and interference
7Reliability, Choice and Economics of Measurement Systems
7.1Reliability of measurement systems
7.2Choice of measurement systems
7.3Total lifetime operating cost
8Sensing Elements
8.1Resistive sensing elements
8.2Capacitive sensing elements
8.3Inductive sensing elements
8.4Electromagnetic sensing elements
8.5Thermoelectric sensing elements
8.6Elastic sensing elements
8.7Piezoelectric sensing elements
8.8Piezoresistive sensing elements
8.9Electrochemical sensing elements
8.10Hall effect sensors
9 Signal Conditioning Elements
9.1 Deflection bridges
9.4Current transmitters
9.5Oscillators and resonators
10Signal Processing Elements and Software
10.1 Analogue-to-digital (A/D) conversion
10.2Computer and microcontroller systems
10.3Microcontroller and computer software
10.4Signal processing calculations
11 Data Presentation Elements
11.1Review and choice of data presentation elements
11.2Pointer–scale indicators
11.3Digital display principles
11.4Light-emitting diode (LED) displays
11.5Cathode ray tube (CRT) displays
11.6Liquid crystal displays (LCDs)
11. 7Electroluminescence (EL) displays
11.8Chart recorders
11.9Paperless recorders
11.10Laser printers
12 Flow Measurement Systems
12.1Essential principles of fluid mechanics
12.2 MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITY AT A POINT IN A FLUID 319
12.2Measurement of velocity at a point in a fluid
12.3Measurement of volume flow rate
12.4Measurement of mass flow rate
12.5Measurement of flow rate in difficult situations
13 Intrinsically Safe Measurement Systems
13.1Pneumatic measurement systems
13.2Intrinsically safe electronic systems
14.1 Introduction
14.2 DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THERMAL SENSORS369
14.2Dynamic characteristics of thermal sensors
15.1Introduction: types of system
15.3Transmission medium
15.4Geometry of coupling of detector to source
15.5 DETECTORS AND SIGNAL CONDITIONING ELEMENTS 403
15.5Detectors and signal conditioning elements
15.6Measurement systems
16 Ultrasonic Measurement Systems
16.1Basic ultrasonic transmission link
16.2Piezoelectric ultrasonic transmitters and receivers
16.3Principles of ultrasonic transmission
16.4 EXAMPLES OF ULTRASONIC MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS447
16.4Examples of ultrasonic measurement systems
17.1Principles and basic theory
17.2Typical gas chromatograph
17.3Signal processing and operations sequencing
18Data Acquisition and Communication Systems
18.1Time division multiplexing
18.2Typical data acquisition system
18.3Parallel digital signals[3]
18.4Serial digital signals
18.5Error detection and correction
18.6Frequency shift keying
18.7 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS FOR MEASUREMENT 493
18.7Communication systems for measurement
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Principles of Measurement Systems

Principles of Measurement Systems

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Published by Ody Php

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Published by: Ody Php on Oct 11, 2011
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11/28/2012

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