Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
5Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Studies in Kashmiri Linguistics

Studies in Kashmiri Linguistics

Ratings: (0)|Views: 477 |Likes:
Published by api-3756098
By Omkar N Koul
By Omkar N Koul

More info:

Published by: api-3756098 on Oct 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

S T U D IE S IN
K A S H M IR I L IN G U IS T IC S
S T U D IE S
I N
K A S H M IR I
L IN G U IS T IC S
O m kar N K oul
S tu d ie s in K a s h m ir i L in g u is tic s
B y:
O m kar N . K oul
\u00a9T h e A u th o r

A ll rig h ts re s e rv e d . N o p a rt o f th is b o o k p ro te c te d b y th is c o p y rig h t n o tic e m a y b e re p ro d u c e d o r u tilis e d in a n y fo rm o r b y

a n y
m eans,
e le c tro n ic
o r
m e c h a n ic a l,

in c lu d in g p h o to c o p y in g , re c o rd in g , o r b y a n y in fo rm a tio n s to ra g e a n d re trie v a l s y s te m , w ith o u t p rio r w ritte n p e rm is s io n fro m

th e
c o p y r ig h t o w n e r.
F irs t p u b lis h e d 2 0 0 5
P u b lis h e d b y :
In d ia n In s titu te o f L a n g u a g e S tu d ie s
C -1 3 , G re e n v ie w
3 3 , S e c to r 9 R o h in i, D e lh i 1 1 0 0 8 5
w w w .iils.o rg
P rin te d a n d b o u n d in In d ia
IS B N
8 1 -8 6 3 2 3 -2 0 -1
S T U D IE S IN
K A S H M IR I L IN G U IS T IC S
P re fa c e

T h e re is a c o n tin u o u s in te re s t in th e s tu d y o f v a rio u s lin g u is tic a n d s o c io lin g u is tic a s p e c ts o f K a s h m iri. T h e tra d itio n o f p re s e n tin g g ra m m a tic a l s k e tc h e s a n d d e s c rip tio n s b e g a n in th e m id o f n in e te e n th c e n tu ry. M o d e rn w o rk s o n th e s u b je c t c o m m e n c e d in th e s ix tie s a n d c o n tin u e till d a te fo llo w in g d iffe re n t lin g u is tic m o d e ls . B e s id e s lin g u is tic s tu d ie s , p e d a g o g ic a l m a te ria ls h a v e b e e n p re p a re d fo r le a rn in g K a s h m iri a s a s e c o n d /fo re ig n la n g u a g e . K a c h ru (1 9 6 9 , 1 9 7 3 ) p ro v id e s a g ra m m a tic a l d e s c rip tio n o f K a s h m iri, a n d in s tru c tio n a l m a te ria ls w ith n o te s . In h is p a p e rs , h e h a s a ls o d e s c rib e d c e rta in g ra m m a tic a l a n d s o c io lin g u is tic a s p e c ts o f th e K a s h m iri la n g u a g e .

K o u l (1 9 7 7 ) d e a ls w ith s o m e g ra m m a tic a l, s o c io lin g u is tic , a n d le x ic a l a s p e c ts . H o o k a n d K o u l h a v e jo in tly w o rk e d o n v a rio u s g ra m m a tic a l a s p e c ts lik e w o rd -o rd e r, p ro n o m in a l s u ffix e s , e rg a tiv ity , tra n s itiv ity, c a u s a tiv e s , m odal verbs, etc. at length. K oul and H ook (eds.1984) presents papers d e a lin g w ith g ra m m a r c o n trib u te d b y v a rio u s s c h o la rs . H o o k a n d K o u l (fo rth c o m in g ) d e a l w ith th e g ra m m a tic a l s tru c tu re o f K a s h m iri in d e ta il. K o u l (1 9 8 5 ,1 9 8 7 ,1 9 9 4 ) p ro v id e s n o te s o n g ra m m a r a n d c u ltu re in th e in s tru c tio n a l m a te ria ls fo r le a rn in g K a s h m iri a s a s e c o n d /fo re ig n la n g u a g e .

W a li a n d K o u l (1 9 9 7 ) p ro v id e a d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f K a s h m iri g ra m m a r covering phonology, m orphology and syntax. In recent years, quite a few d o c to ra l d is s e rta tio n s , a n d p a p e rs K a s h m iri c o n trib u te d b y v a rio u s s c h o la rs h a v e a p p e a re d in jo u rn a ls in In d ia a n d a b ro a d . M o s t o f th e s e a re lis te d in K oul(2000,revised 2004).

K o u l a n d W a li (e d s .2 0 0 2 ) in c lu d e p a p e rs d e v o te d to v a rio u s s y n ta c tic a s p e c ts o f K a s h m iri. T h e to p ic s c o v e re d a re re la te d to s o m e im p o rta n t lin g u is tic c h a ra c te ris tic s o f K a s h m iri s u c h a s w o rd - o rd e r, w h -q u e s tio n s , c litic s o r p ro n o m in a l s u ffix e s , s ig n ific a n c e o f to p ic in a V 2 la n g u a g e , c a s e m a rk in g , e rg a tiv ity, tra n s itiv e s a n d c a u s a tiv e s , s e m a n tic o -s y n ta c tic a s p e c ts o f c e rta in v e rb s e tc . T h e s e p a p e rs a re c o n trib u te d b y K a s h i W a li, P e te r E d w in H o o k , A s h o k K K o u l, A c h la M is ri R a in a , E s te lla D e l B o n , a n d O m k a r N K o u l. K oul and W ali (2005) have described phonology,m orphology and

s y n ta x o f K a s h m iri fro m p e d a g o g ic a l p o in t o f v ie w . In a c h a p te r o n
le x ic o n , th e y p ro v id e c la s s ifie d v o c a b u la ry o f K a s h m iri.

T he present volum e includes som e of m y revised and new papers re la te d to th e to p ic s o f lin g u is tic s tru c tu re a n d s o c io lin g u is tic a s p e c ts o f K a s h m iri. T h e to p ic s d e a l w ith th e s tru c tu re o f th e K a s h m iri language, language and society, personal nam es, kinship term s, m odes of greetings, m odes of address, lexical borrow ings, and s ta n d a rd iz a tio n o f s c rip t.

I h o p e th a t th e s e p a p e rs w ill s tim u la te fu rth e r re s e a rc h in te re s t in K a s h m iri la n g u a g e a n d lin g u is tic s . L in g u is ts , la n g u a g e te a c h e rs o f K a s h m iri, a n d re s e a rc h e rs in S o u th A s ia n la n g u a g e s p a rtic u la rly in K a s h m iri w ill fin d th is b o o k u s e fu l.

O m kar N
K oul
S T U D IE S IN
K A S H M IR I L IN G U IS T IC S
T ra n s c rip tio n
V o w e lsF ro n t U n ro u n d e d
C e n tra l
B ack R ounded
H ig h
i
i:
1
1:
u
u:
M id
e
e:
\
\:
o
o :
L ow
a
a:
O
O:
C o n s o n a n ts
B il.
D e n t.
R etro .
P a l.
V e l.
G lo .
S to p s :
v l. u n a sp
p
t
t\u00e0
k
v l. a s p
p h
th
t\u00e0
h
k h
vd. U nasp.
b
d
d\u00e0
g
A ffricates:
v l. u n a sp .
ts
c
v l. a s p .
ts h
c h
v d . u n a s p .
j
N asals:
m
n
F ric a tiv e s :
v l.
s
\u0161
h
v d .
z
L a te ra l:
l
T rill:
r
S e m i-v o w e ls
v
y

N a s a liz a tio n o f v o w e ls is in d ic a te d b y th e n a s a l s ig n\u00f2 o v e r th e v o w e ls . T h e p a la ta liz a tio n o f c o n s o n a n ts is in d ic a te d b y a n a p o s tro p h e s ig n a fte r th e c o n s o n a n ta l le tte r: p \u2019, b \u2019, e tc .

A b b r e v ia tio n s
1
s t
firs t p e rs o n
2
n d
s e c o n d p e rs o n
3
r d
th ird p e rs o n
a b l
a b la tiv e c a s e
a d v
a d v e rb
a s p
a s p ira te d
a u x
a u x ilia r y
b il
b ila b ia l
c a u s
c a u s a tiv e
c o n d
c o n d itio n a l
c o r
c o rre la tiv e
c p
c o n ju n c tiv e p a r tic ip le
d a t
d a tiv e
d e n
d e n ta l
e rg
e rg a tiv e
fp l
fe m in in e p lu r a l
g e n
g e n itiv e c a s e
g lo
g lo tta l
h o n
h o n o rific
im p
im p e ra tiv e
im p f
im p e rfe c tiv e
in d e f
in d e fin ite
in f
in fin itiv e
IP
in d e fin ite p a s t
m pl
m a s c u lin e p lu r a l
m s
m a s c u lin e s in g u la r
n e g
n e g a tiv e
n o m
n o m in a tiv e
p a l
p a la ta l
p a s s
p a s s iv e
p l
p lu ra l
p o s s
p o s s e s s iv e
p o s tp
p o s tp o s itio n
p ro
p ro n o u n
p ro x
p ro x im a te
p r
p re s e n t p a rtic ip le
p s
p ro n o m in a l s u ffix
p s t.p tc
p a s t p a r tic ip le
p tc
p a r tic ip le
q
q u e s tio n p a rtic le
re fl
re fle x iv e
re l
re la tiv e
re t.
re tlo fle x
rp
re m o te p a s t
R .I
re m o te I
R .II
re m o te II
s g
s in g u la r
u n a s p
u n a s p ira te d
v e l.
v e la r
vd
v o ic e d
vl
v o ic e le s s
v o c
v o c a tiv e

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
kamalinev7421 liked this
jyotiiyerlko liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->