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Table Of Contents

Structure of Ecosystem
Functions of Ecosystems
Functional Attributes
ENERGY FLOW IN ECOSYSTEM:
ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION
FOOD CHAIN
FOOD WEB:
ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS:
MAJOR TYPES OF ECOSYSTEMS
a. FOREST ECOSYSTEM
GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEM:
c. DESERT ECOSYSTEM
d.AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM
INTRODUCTION TO BIODIVERSITY
Biodiversity Hotspots:
Significance of Biodiversity:
Benefits of biodiversity:
Ecological benefits:
Threats to biodiversity:
Conservation of biodiversity:
Review questions:
UNIT 2: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION-DEFINITION:-
a)AIR POLLUTION:
S. No. Pollutant Sources Effects on human
b)WATER POLLUTION:
C) SOIL POLLUTION:-
d) MARINE POLLUTION:-
e) NOISE POLLUTION:-
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT:-
POLLUTION CASDE STUDIES:-
DISASTER MANAGEMENT;
FLOOD:
EARTHQUAKE:
CYCLONE:
LANDSLIDES;
Review questions
UNIT 3:NATURAL RESOURCES
Resources
FOREST RESOURCES:
USES OF FOREST:
Ecological uses:
OVER EXPLOITATION OF FORESTS:
DEFORESTATION:
INDIAN STATUS:
MAJOR CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION:
CONSEQUENCES OF DEFORESTATION
TIMBER EXTRACTION AND MINING:
MINING:
DAMS – BENEFITS AND PROBLEMS
WATER RESOURCES
Drought :
CONFLICTS OVER WATER
MINERAL RESOURCES
FOOD RESOURCES:
WORLD FOOD PROBLEMS:
CHANGES CAUSED BY OVERGRAZING AND AGRICULTURE:
Overgrazing:
Modern agriculture:
Water logging / salinisation:
ENERGY RESOURCES
Solar energy:
Wind energy:
Tidal Energy
Ocean thermal energy
Geothermal energy
Biomass energy
LAND RESOURCE
Land Degradation:
Man induced landslides:
Soil erosion:
ROLE OF INDIVIDUAL IN CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES:
UNIT 4:SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Urban problems related to energy:
Water conservation:
Rain water harvesting
Watershed management:
Resettlement and Rehabilitation of people:
Environmental ethics:-
Green House Effect and Global Warming:
Ozone layer depletion:
Waste land reclamation:
Consumerism and Waste Products
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
Water (prevention and control of pollution) Act 1974:
Wildlife [protection] act, 1972:
Forest (conservation) Act, 1980
Environmental Legislation
Central and state pollution control Board:
Enforcement of environmental legislation – major issues
Review Questions
UNIT 5: HUMAN POULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Population growth:
Population explosion:
Family welfare programme:
Environment and human health:
Human rights:
Value Education:
HIV/AIDS
Role Of Information Technology In Environment And Human Health:
Application of computers in the field of Environment & human health:
FIVE YEARS ANNA UNIVERSITY EXAM QUESTION AND ANSWERS
UNIT 1: ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY
UNIT:3 NATURAL RESOURCES
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Environmental Science & Engineering

Environmental Science & Engineering

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Published by Mani Mohan

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Published by: Mani Mohan on Oct 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/02/2012

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