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Machine Gun Voices: Bandits, Favelas and Utopia in Brazilian Funk

Machine Gun Voices: Bandits, Favelas and Utopia in Brazilian Funk

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Published by elmandingas
By Paul Sneed
By Paul Sneed

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Published by: elmandingas on Oct 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Machine Gun Voices:Bandits, Favelas and Utopia in Brazilian Funk
ByPaul SneedA dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy(Portuguese)at theUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison2003
First and foremost, I would like thank God for giving me the opportunity to carry outthis study. Next, I would also like to thank Bill Wilson, a person whose simplespirituality and dedication to service to others has been an inspiration to me . There aremany other people to whom I feel indebted and who helped me in various ways over theyears to carry out this project. Although many of them will not be mentioned by name- bethey residents of Rocinha, fellow researchers and students, teachers, relatives or otherfriends- the passion for living and learning these people have shared with me is a criticalpart of this thesis. It is my hope that the marks and traces left by our experiences togetherwill be evident to any of them that might have occasion to read this.I also owe a debt of gratitude to many other teachers who have touched my life overthe years, starting with Dr. Emil Piscitelli, who I have considered something of a mentorever since taking his philosophy classes at Northern Virginia Community College back inthe late eighties. My interest in Portuguese language and Brazilian culture is the directresult of my friendship with Professor David Haberly and the wonderful classes I tookwith him at the University of Virginia. Professor Herbert Braun, also of the University of Virginia, was an inspiration to me with regards to social justice in Latin America and healso guided me in my first study of the favela of Rocinha in 1990. That initial work onfavelas opened doors for subsequent projects including this thesis at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, which could not have been conducted without the intellectualguidance and backing of Severino Albuquerque and Florencia Mallon. In addition tobeing my advisor, Severino has supported me in many ways and believed in me throughall the various ups and downs of the long haul of my career as a graduate student. It is
iiiimpossible to measure what I have learned from him and if it were not for Severino, Iwould never have come to Madison in the first place, nor would I have stayed. Florencia,in addition to her invaluable contribution as a reader for this thesis and to being myadvisor for my PhD minor in Latin American History, has offered me guidance on thisproject since it was first conceived in one of her graduate seminars. My contact with herover the years has offered me a model for making my graduate studies personally
meaningful through her approach of “history from the bottom up.” I am also grateful to
 the other members of my thesis committee, Guido Podestá, Alda Blanco and KathrynSanchez, for believing in my project, reading and evaluating my chapters and helping meto carry out this study. Classes that I took with Professors Mary Lou Daniel and EllenSapega in the Portuguese department, in Latin American history with Professor FranciscoScarano, and in comparative literature with Professor Luís Madureira were also importantto my ideas as I have worked on this thesis.In that initial research experience in Brazil back in 1990, as an undergraduate studentat UVA, many people greatly helped me who should be mentioned here. In particular, Iwould like to mention Professor Jurgen Heye, the coordinator for the foreign exchangeprogram at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, for supporting me inmy decision to move to Rocinha, and the late seu Pereira, the president of one of the
neighbor‟s associations in Rocinha, for graciously receiving me and including me in the
activities his organization. Also, I want to thank my friend Eliane and her family foraccepting me into their home on Rua Um, my first residence in the favela, and the familyof seu José and dona Josirene in Cachopa, who later offered me a place to stay as well astheir trust and friendship. I have always stayed close by them in the Cachopa area of 

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