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TN Hóa hữu cơ 1 (175c)

TN Hóa hữu cơ 1 (175c)

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TN H\u00d3A H\u1eeeU C\u01a0 1
1. Cho h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c h\u01a1i v\u00e0 kh\u00ed: 0,1 mol Benzen; 0,2 mol Toluen; 0,3 mol Stiren v\u00e0 1,4 mol Hi\u0111ro v\u00e0o m\u1ed9t b\u00ecnh k\u00edn, c\u00f3

ch\u1ea5t x\u00fac t\u00e1c Ni. \u0110un n\u00f3ng b\u00ecnh k\u00edn m\u1ed9t th\u1eddi gian, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c ch\u1ea5t: Xiclohexan, Metyl xiclohexan, Etyl xiclohexan, Benzen, Toluen, Etyl benzen v\u00e0 Hi\u0111ro. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n l\u01b0\u1ee3ng h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B tr\u00ean, r\u1ed3i cho h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 h\u1ebft s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00e1y v\u00e0o b\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ef1ng dung d\u1ecbch n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00f4i c\u00f3 d\u01b0, \u0111\u1ec3 h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 h\u1ebft s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00e1y. \u0110\u1ed9 t\u0103ng kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ef1ng n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00f4i l\u00e0:

a) 240,8 gam
b) 260,2 gam
c) 193,6 gam
d) Kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ee7 d\u1eef ki\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ec3 t\u00ednh
2. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m Etan, Etilen, Axetilen v\u00e0 Buta-1,3-\u0111ien. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y h\u1ebft m gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A. Cho s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00e1y h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 v\u00e0o
dung d\u1ecbch n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00f4i d\u01b0, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 100 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a v\u00e0 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng dung d\u1ecbch n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00f4i sau ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng gi\u1ea3m 39,8 gam. Tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a m
a) 58,75g
b) 13,8g
c) 60,2g
d) 37,4g
3. Ch\u1ea5t 1-Brom-2,4-\u0111imetylhepta-2,5-\u0111ien c\u00f3 s\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n cis, trans l\u00e0:
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5
4. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m 0,3 mol C2H4 v\u00e0 0,2 mol H2. \u0110un n\u00f3ng h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A c\u00f3 Ni l\u00e0m x\u00fac t\u00e1c, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B l\u00e0m
m\u1ea5t m\u00e0u v\u1eeba \u0111\u1ee7 2 l\u00edt dung d\u1ecbch Br2 0,075M. Hi\u1ec7u su\u1ea5t ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng gi\u1eefa etilen v\u00e0 hi\u0111ro l\u00e0:
a) 75%
b) 50%
c) 100%
d) T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u00fang
5. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 g\u1ed3m m\u1ed9t parafin, m\u1ed9t r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t axit h\u1eefu c\u01a1 \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n m gam

h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A b\u1eb1ng m\u1ed9t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed v\u1eeba \u0111\u1ee7 (kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed g\u1ed3m 20% Oxi v\u00e0 80% Nit\u01a1 theo th\u1ec3 t\u00edch). Cho c\u00e1c ch\u1ea5t sau ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ch\u00e1y h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 v\u00e0o b\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ef1ng dung d\u1ecbch Ba(OH)2 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0. C\u00f3 125,44 l\u00edt m\u1ed9t kh\u00ed tr\u01a1 tho\u00e1t ra (\u0111ktc) v\u00e0 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ef1ng dung d\u1ecbch Ba(OH)2 t\u0103ng th\u00eam 73,6 gam. Tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a m l\u00e0:

a) 28,8 gam
b) 25,2 gam
c) 37,76 gam
d) Kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ee7 d\u1eef ki\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ec3 t\u00ednh
6. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m But-2-en v\u00e0 Propen. Sau khi hi\u0111rat h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B g\u1ed3m ba ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1. \u0110\u1ed1t
ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B, ch\u1ec9 thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c x mol CO2 v\u00e0 y mol H2O. Ch\u1ecdn k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn \u0111\u00fang:
a) x = y

b) x > y
c) x c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 b\u1eb1ng, l\u1edbn h\u01a1n ho\u1eb7c nh\u1ecf h\u01a1n y l\u00e0 c\u00f2n ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o s\u1ed1 mol m\u1ed7i ch\u1ea5t trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B
d) T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u sai

7. X l\u00e0 h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p g\u1ed3m hai ch\u1ea5t k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp nhau trong d\u00e3y \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng Xicloankan kh\u00f4ng ph\u00e2n nh\u00e1nh. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m gam h\u1ed7n
h\u1ee3p X. Cho h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 h\u1ebft s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00e1y v\u00e0o b\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ef1ng dung d\u1ecbch n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00f4i trong l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0, trong b\u00ecnh c\u00f3 t\u1ea1o 76 gam ch\u1ea5t

kh\u00f4ng tan. Cho bi\u1ebft m gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p h\u01a1i X \u1edf 81,9\u02daC, 1,3 atm, chi\u1ebfm th\u1ec3 t\u00edch l\u00e0 3,136 l\u00edt.
a) C\u1ea3 hai ch\u1ea5t trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X \u0111\u1ec1u c\u1ed9ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c H2 (c\u00f3 Ni l\u00e0m x\u00fac t\u00e1c, \u0111un n\u00f3ng) v\u00ec \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 c\u00e1c v\u00f2ng nh\u1ecf.
b) M\u1ed9t trong hai ch\u1ea5t trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X tham gia \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng c\u1ed9ng Brom, v\u00ec c\u00f3 v\u00f2ng nh\u1ecf trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X.
c) C\u1ea3 hai ch\u1ea5t trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X kh\u00f4ng tham gia \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng c\u1ed9ng.
d) C\u1ea3 (a) v\u00e0 (b)

8. Ph\u1ea7n tr\u0103m kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m\u1ed7i ch\u1ea5t trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X \u1edf c\u00e2u 27 l\u00e0:
a) 52,63%; 47,37%
b) 61,54%; 38,46%
c) 50,00%; 50,00%
d) 37,25%; 62,75
9. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed A c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 24,6 gam g\u1ed3m m\u1ed9t ankan, 0,3 mol Etilen, 0,2 mol Axetilen v\u00e0 0,7 mol Hi\u0111ro. Cho l\u01b0\u1ee3ng h\u1ed7n

h\u1ee3p A tr\u00ean qua x\u00fac t\u00e1c Ni, nung n\u00f3ng, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed B c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u00edch 36,736 l\u00edt (\u0111ktc).
a) Trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u00f3 c\u1ea3 hi\u0111rocacbon no l\u1eabn kh\u00f4ng no.
b) Trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B ph\u1ea3i c\u00f2n hi\u0111rocacbon kh\u00f4ng no.
c) Trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p B c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u00f2n kh\u00ed Hi\u0111ro.
d) (a), (c) \u0111\u00fang

10. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y h\u1ebft 3,36 l\u00edt h\u01a1i ch\u1ea5t A (136,5\u02daC; 1,2 atm), thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 8,064 l\u00edt CO2 (\u0111ktc) v\u00e0 6,48 gam H2O. C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a A l\u00e0:
a) C3H6
b) R\u01b0\u1ee3u alylic
c) Axit Propionic (CH3CH2COOH) d) C3H6On (n \u2265 0)
11. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t hi\u0111rocacbon d\u1ea1ng kh\u00ed. Hi\u0111rat h\u00f3a A thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf. 50 ml h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X g\u1ed3m A v\u00e0 H2 cho qua
x\u00fac t\u00e1c Ni, \u0111un n\u00f3ng \u0111\u1ec3 ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng x\u1ea3y ra ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 30 ml h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed Y. C\u00e1c th\u1ec3 t\u00edch \u0111o trong c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n v\u1ec1
nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 v\u00e0 \u00e1p su\u1ea5t. Y l\u00e0m nh\u1ea1t m\u00e0u n\u01b0\u1edbc brom. Ph\u1ea7n tr\u0103m th\u1ec3 t\u00edch m\u1ed7i kh\u00ed trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p Y l\u00e0:
a) 33,33%; 66,67%
b) 50%; 50% c) 25%; 25%; 50% d) T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u sai
12. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m ba ankin \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n V (l\u00edt) h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p h\u01a1i A (\u0111ktc), thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 35,84 l\u00edt CO2 (\u0111ktc) v\u00e0 21,6
gam H2O. Tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a V l\u00e0:
a) 15,68 l\u00edt
b) 8,96 l\u00edt
c) 11,2 l\u00edt
d) 6,72 l\u00edt
13. N\u1ebfu h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A \u1edf c\u00e2u (35) l\u00e0 ba ankin \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng li\u00ean ti\u1ebfp th\u00ec c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c ph\u00e2n t\u1eed c\u1ee7a ba ankin trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A l\u00e0:
a) C2H2; C3H4; C4H6
b) C3H4; C4H6; C5H8
c) C4H6; C5H8; C6H10
d) C5H8; C6H10; C7H12
14. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed X g\u1ed3m Hi\u0111ro v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t Hi\u0111rocacbon. Nung n\u00f3ng 24,64 l\u00edt h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X (\u0111ktc), c\u00f3 Ni l\u00e0m x\u00fac t\u00e1c, \u0111\u1ec3 ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng x\u1ea3y
ra ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n, bi\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng c\u00f3 Hi\u0111rocacbon d\u01b0. Sau ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 20,4 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed Y. T\u1ec9 kh\u1ed1i h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p Y so v\u1edbi Hi\u0111ro
b\u1eb1ng 17. Kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng H2 c\u00f3 trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X l\u00e0:
a) 3 gam
b) 2 gam
c) 1 gam
d) 0,5 gam
15. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed A g\u1ed3m 0,2 mol Axetilen; 0,3 mol Etilen; 0,3 mol Metan v\u00e0 0,7 mol Hi\u0111ro. Nung n\u00f3ng h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A, c\u00f3 Ni l\u00e0m
x\u00fac t\u00e1c, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 28 l\u00edt h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed B (\u0111ktc). Hi\u1ec7u su\u1ea5t H2 \u0111\u00e3 c\u1ed9ng v\u00e0o c\u00e1c Hi\u0111rocacbon kh\u00f4ng no l\u00e0:
a) 35,71%
b) 40,25%
c) 80,56%
d) 100%
16. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 0,1 mol Hi\u0111rocacbon A, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 0,6 mol CO2 v\u00e0 0,3 mol H2O. C\u0169ng 0,1 mol A cho t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng ho\u00e0n
to\u00e0n v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0 dung d\u1ecbch AgNO3/NH3 th\u00ec thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 29,2 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a c\u00f3 m\u00e0u v\u00e0ng nh\u1ea1t. A l\u00e0:
a) 3-Metyl penta-1,4-\u0111iin
b) Hexa-1,5-\u0111iin
b) Hexa-1,3-\u0111ien-5-in
d) (a), (b)
17. M\u1ed9t Hi\u0111rocacbon m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi HCl sinh ra s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00ednh l\u00e0 2-Clo-3-metylbutan. Hi\u0111rocacbon n\u00e0y c\u00f3 t\u00ean g\u1ecdi
l\u00e0: a) 3-Metyl but-1-en
b) 2-Metyl but-1-en
c) 2-Metyl but-2-en
d) M\u1ed9t anken kh\u00e1c
18. Kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a propan \u1edf 25\u02daC; 740 mmHg l\u00e0:
a) 0,509 g/l
b) 0,570 g/l
c) 1,75 g/l
d) 1,96 g/l
19. C\u00f3 bao nhi\u00eau d\u1eabn xu\u1ea5t monoclo C7H7Cl c\u1ee7a toluen?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
20. Kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng mol c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t kh\u00ed c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ri\u00eang 5,8g.l-1 \u1edf 25\u02daC; 740 mmHg g\u1ea7n nh\u1ea5t v\u1edbi tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 n\u00e0o?
a) 100g.mol-1
b) 130g.mol-1
c) 150g.mol-1
d) 190g.mol-1
21. Ch\u1ea5t n\u00e0o c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n l\u1eadp th\u1ec3?
a) 1,2-\u0110iflo eten
b) 1,1-\u0110iflo-2,2-\u0111iclo eten
c) 1,1,2-Triflo eten
d) 2-Metyl buten-2
22. C\u00e1c nh\u00f3m th\u1ebf g\u1eafn v\u00e0o nh\u00e2n benzen \u0111\u1ecbnh h\u01b0\u1edbng ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng th\u1ebf v\u00e0o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed orto, para l\u00e0:
a) \u2013NO2, -NH2, -Br, -C2H5
b) \u2013CH3, -OH, -COOH, -I
c) \u2013NH2, -Cl, -CH3, -SO3H
d) \u2013Br, -CH3, -NH2, -OH
23. M\u1ed9t chai ru\u1ee3u vang ch\u1ee9a r\u01b0\u1ee3u 12\u02da. Kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a etanol l\u00e0 0,79 g/ml. Kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a r\u01b0\u1ee3u 12\u02da l\u00e0 0,89 g/ml.
N\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1ed9 ph\u1ea7n tr\u0103m kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng etanol c\u00f3 trong r\u01b0\u1ee3u 12\u02da l\u00e0:
a) 12%
b) 10,65%
c) 13,52%
d) 9,48%
24. M\u1ed9t chai r\u01b0\u1ee3u m\u1ea1nh c\u00f3 dung t\u00edch 0,9 l\u00edt ch\u1ee9a \u0111\u1ea7y r\u01b0\u1ee3u 40\u02da. Etanol c\u00f3 t\u1ec9 kh\u1ed1i 0,79. Kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng Glucoz\u01a1 c\u1ea7n d\u00f9ng \u0111\u1ec3 l\u00ean
men \u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ebf \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c l\u01b0\u1ee3ng r\u01b0\u1ee3u c\u00f3 trong chai r\u01b0\u1ee3u tr\u00ean l\u00e0 (cho bi\u1ebft hi\u1ec7u su\u1ea5t ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng l\u00ean men r\u01b0\u1ee3u n\u00e0y l\u00e0 80%):
a) 695,5 gam
b) 1 391 gam
c) 445, 15 gam
d) 1 408,69 gam
25. Th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ete h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 11,8 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp nhau trong d\u00e3y \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng,
thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p g\u1ed3m ba ete v\u00e0 1,98 gam n\u01b0\u1edbc. C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c hai ru\u1ee3u \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0:
a) CH3OH, C2H5OH
b) C2H5OH, C3H7OH
c) C3H7OH, C4H9OH
d) C4H9OH, C5H11OH
26. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 1 mol ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 A, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 4 mol CO2 v\u00e0 5 mol H2O. T\u1ec9 kh\u1ed1i h\u01a1i c\u1ee7a A so v\u1edbi Hi\u0111ro b\u1eb1ng 37. C\u00f4ng
th\u1ee9c ph\u00e2n t\u1eed t\u00ecm \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u1ee7a A c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u1ee9ng v\u1edbi:
a) 4 ch\u1ea5t
b) 5 ch\u1ea5t
c) 6 ch\u1ea5t
d) 7 ch\u1ea5t
27. Th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng \u0111ehi\u0111rat h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 4,84 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p hai olefin h\u01a1n k\u00e9m nhau
14 \u0111vC trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed. L\u01b0\u1ee3ng h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p olefin n\u00e0y l\u00e0m m\u1ea5t m\u00e0u v\u1eeba \u0111\u1ee7 0,9 l\u00edt dung d\u1ecbch Br2 0,1M Kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m\u1ed7i ch\u1ea5t trong
l\u01b0\u1ee3ng h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A tr\u00ean l\u00e0:
a) 1,95 gam; 2,89 gam b) 2,00gam; 2,84 gam c) 1,84g; 3,00 gam d) M\u1ed9t tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1c
28. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i nh\u00f3m ch\u1ee9c. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 11,96 gam A, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 8,736 l\u00edt CO2 (\u0111ktc) v\u00e0 9,36
gam H2O. H\u01a1i A n\u1eb7ng h\u01a1n kh\u00ed Heli 23 l\u1ea7n.
a) A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t no
b) A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 \u0111a ch\u1ee9c
c) A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf
d) A ph\u00f9 h\u1ee3p v\u1edbi c\u1ea3 ba \u00fd tr\u00ean
29. Th\u1ec3 t\u00edch kh\u00ed hi\u0111ro v\u00e0 kh\u00ed metan c\u1ea7n \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111em tr\u1ed9n nhau nh\u1eb1m thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 28 l\u00edt h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed c\u00f3 t\u1ec9 kh\u1ed1i so v\u1edbi kh\u00ed heli b\u1eb1ng 2,5
l\u00e0: a) 16 l\u00edt hi\u0111ro, 12 l\u00edt metan
b) 20 l\u00edt hi\u0111ro, 8 l\u00edt metan
c) 8 l\u00edt hi\u0111ro, 20 l\u00edt metan
d) 12 l\u00edt hi\u0111ro, 16 l\u00edt metan
30. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed v\u00e0 h\u01a1i A g\u1ed3m: h\u01a1i ru\u1ee3u etylic, h\u01a1i r\u01b0\u1ee3u metylic v\u00e0 kh\u00ed metan. \u0110em \u0111\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 20 cm3 h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A th\u00ec
thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 32 cm3 kh\u00ed CO2. Th\u1ec3 t\u00edch c\u00e1c kh\u00ed, h\u01a1i \u0111o trong c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n v\u1ec1 nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 v\u00e0 \u00e1p su\u1ea5t. Ch\u1ecdn k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn \u0111\u00fang v\u1ec1 kh\u1ed1i
l\u01b0\u1ee3ng gi\u1eefa A v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed:
a) H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A n\u1eb7ng h\u01a1n kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed
b) H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A nh\u1eb9 h\u01a1n kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed
c) H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed n\u1eb7ng b\u1eb1ng nhau c) Kh\u00f4ng so s\u00e1nh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
31. Cho m gam h\u01a1i m\u1ed9t h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c v\u00e0o m\u1ed9t b\u00ecnh k\u00edn c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u00edch kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed5i. Th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ete h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n
h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p r\u01b0\u1ee3u tr\u00ean. Sau ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p h\u01a1i c\u00e1c ete v\u00e0 h\u01a1i nu\u1edbc. N\u1ebfu gi\u1eef nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 b\u00ecnh tr\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 sau ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng b\u1eb1ng

nhau th\u00ec:
a) \u00c1p su\u1ea5t trong b\u00ecnh s\u1ebd kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed5i b) \u00c1p su\u1ea5t trong b\u00ecnh s\u1ebd gi\u1ea3m so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng
c) \u00c1p su\u1ea5t s\u1ebd t\u0103ng so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng d) Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ef1 thay \u0111\u1ed5i \u00e1p su\u1ea5t

32. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t r\u01b0\u1ee3u. Khi cho A h\u00f3a h\u01a1i th\u00ec th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c b\u1eb1ng v\u1edbi th\u1ec3 t\u00edch kh\u00ed hi\u0111ro tho\u00e1t ra (\u0111o trong c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n v\u1ec1
nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 v\u00e0 \u00e1p su\u1ea5t \u0111o h\u01a1i A) khi cho c\u00f9ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng A \u0111\u00f3 t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng h\u1ebft v\u1edbi Na t\u1ea1o ra. A l\u00e0:
a) R\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c
b) R\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111a ch\u1ee9c c\u00f3 hai nh\u00f3m ch\u1ee9c ru\u1ee3u
c) R\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111a ch\u1ee9c c\u00f3 ba nh\u00f3m ch\u1ee9c r\u01b0\u1ee3u d) R\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng v\u1edbi etylenglicol
33. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p K g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c kh\u00ed v\u00e0 h\u01a1i sau \u0111\u00e2y: metan, foman\u0111ehit (HCHO) v\u00e0 axetan\u0111ehit (CH3CHO). L\u1ea5y 10 l\u00edt h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed K
\u0111em \u0111\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n th\u00ec thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 15 l\u00edt kh\u00ed cacbonic. C\u00e1c th\u1ec3 t\u00edch kh\u00ed, h\u01a1i \u0111o trong c\u00f9ng v\u1ec1 nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 v\u00e0 \u00e1p su\u1ea5t.
a) H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p K n\u1eb7ng h\u01a1n metylaxetilen
b) H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p K nh\u1eb9 h\u01a1n metylaxetilen
c) Axetan\u0111ehit chi\u1ebfm 50% th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p K d) (b) v\u00e0 (c)
34. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i nh\u00f3m ch\u1ee9c. M\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i A v\u1edbi 3,875 th\u1ec3 t\u00edch metan t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u0111\u01b0\u01a1ng kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng (c\u00e1c
th\u1ec3 t\u00edch \u0111o c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n v\u1ec1 nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 v\u00e0 \u00e1p su\u1ea5t). A t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c Na nh\u01b0ng kh\u00f4ng t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi NaOH. C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a A l\u00e0:
a) CH2=CHCH2OH
b) C2H6O2
c) HOCH2OCH3
d) C2H4(OH)2
35. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t r\u01b0\u1ee3u. M\u1ed9t mol A t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng h\u1ebft v\u1edbi natri kim lo\u1ea1i thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 0,5 mol H2. S\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00e1y c\u1ee7a 0,01 mol A cho h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5
v\u00e0o dung d\u1ecbch Ba(OH)2 d\u01b0, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 7,88 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a. A ch\u00e1y t\u1ea1o s\u1ed1 mol n\u01b0\u1edbc l\u1edbn h\u01a1n s\u1ed1 mol CO2. A l\u00e0:
a) R\u01b0\u1ee3u alylic
b) R\u01b0\u1ee3u tert-butylic
c) C4H7OH
d) Etylenglicol
36. X l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t chc \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ea1o b\u1edfi ba nguy\u00ean t\u1ed1 C, H v\u00e0 Cl. Qua s\u1ef1 ph\u00e2n t\u00edch \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u01b0\u1ee3ng cho th\u1ea5y c\u1ee9 1 ph\u1ea7n kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng H th\u00ec c\u00f3 24
ph\u1ea7n kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng C v\u00e0 35,5 ph\u1ea7n kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng Cl. T\u1ec9 kh\u1ed1i h\u01a1i c\u1ee7a A so v\u1edbi hi\u0111ro b\u1eb1ng 90,75. S\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n th\u01a1m c\u1ee7a A l\u00e0:
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
37. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng li\u00ean ti\u1ebfp. Th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ete h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 10,32 gam h\u1ed7n
h\u1ee3p A, thu \u0111u\u1ee3c 8,52 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p ba ete. C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A l\u00e0:
a) C3H7OH; C4H9OH
b) C4H9OH; C5H11OH
c) C5H11OH; C6H13OH
d) Hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u kh\u00e1c
38. Nitrobenzen t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi H nguy\u00ean t\u1eed m\u1edbi sinh (\u0111ang sinh) (do Fe trong dung d\u1ecbch HCl), thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c anilin. Ch\u1ecdn c\u00e1ch di\u1ec5n
\u0111\u1ea1t \u0111\u00fang:
a) Nitrobenzen l\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t kh\u1eed b\u1ecb oxi h\u00f3a t\u1ea1o anilin, N trong nitrobenzen c\u00f3 s\u1ed1 oxi h\u00f3a +4 gi\u1ea3m th\u00e0nh N trong anilin c\u00f3 s\u1ed1 oxi h\u00f3a
-2
b) Nitrobenzen l\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t oxi h\u00f3a b\u1ecb kh\u1eed t\u1ea1o anilin, N trong nitrobezen c\u00f3 s\u1ed1 oxi h\u00f3a +4 gi\u1ea3m th\u00e0nh N trong anilin c\u00f3 s\u1ed1 oxi h\u00f3a
b\u1eb1ng -2
c) H nguy\u00ean t\u1eed \u0111\u00e3 oxi h\u00f3a nitrobenzen th\u00e0nh anilin, trong \u0111\u00f3 s\u1ed1 oxi h\u00f3a c\u1ee7a N trong nitrobezen t\u1eeb +3 \u0111\u00e3 gi\u1ea3m xu\u1ed1ng th\u00e0nh -3
trong anilin
d) Nitrobenzen b\u1ecb kh\u1eed t\u1ea1o anilin, s\u1ed1 oxi h\u00f3a t\u1eeb +3 trong N \u1edf nitrobenzen th\u00e0nh -3 \u1edf N trong anilin.
39.H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c thu\u1ed9c d\u00e3y \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng propenol, h\u01a1n k\u00e9m nhau m\u1ed9t nh\u00f3m metylen trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed. L\u1ea5y
20,2 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A cho t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n v\u1edbi Na d\u01b0, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 3,08 l\u00edt H2 (\u1edf 27,3\u02daC; 1,2 atm). Hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A l\u00e0:
a) C3H5OH, C4H7OH
b) C4H7OH, C5H9OH
c) C5H9OH, C6H11OH
d) C2H3OH, C3H5OH
40.X, Y l\u00e0 hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c, m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y a mol X (ho\u1eb7c Y) \u0111\u1ec1u thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 3a mol H2O. X, Y c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0:
a) Hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no
b) Hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c kh\u00f4ng no, ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t li\u00ean k\u1ebft \u0111\u00f4i
c) M\u1ed9t r\u01b0\u1ee3u no, m\u1ed9t r\u01b0\u1ee3u ch\u01b0a no d) Hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u c\u00f9ng d\u00e3y \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng
41. X l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1. H\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng (ph\u1ea7n tr\u0103m kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng) c\u1ee7a C, H trong X l\u1ea7n l\u01b0\u1ee3t l\u00e0 54,55%; 9,09%. X c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0:
a) CH3CH2OH
b) C3H7COOH
c) C3H7CHO
d) CH3COOH
42. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m ba ch\u1ea5t thu\u1ed9c d\u00e3y \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng benzen c\u1ea7n d\u00f9ng V l\u00edt kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed (\u0111ktc). Cho h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00e1y
v\u00e0o b\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ef1ng n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00f4i, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 3 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a, kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng dung d\u1ecbch t\u0103ng 12,012 gam. \u0110un n\u00f3ng dung d\u1ecbch, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u00eam
12 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a n\u1eefa. C\u00e1c ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng x\u1ea3y ra ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n. Kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed g\u1ed3m 20% O2 v\u00e0 80% N2. Tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a V l\u00e0:
a) 7,9968 l\u00edt
b) 39,9840 l\u00edt
c) 31,9872 l\u00edt
d) M\u1ed9t tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1c
43. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m hai kh\u00ed l\u00e0 axetilen v\u00e0 propilen c\u00f3 t\u1ec9 kh\u1ed1i so v\u1edbi metan b\u1eb1ng 2. Ph\u1ea7n tr\u0103m th\u1ec3 t\u00edch m\u1ed7i kh\u00ed trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A:
a) 32% propilen; 68% axetilen
b) 42,25% propilen; 57,75% axetilen
c) 62,5% propilen; 37,5% axetilen
d) 37,5% propilen; 62,5% axetilen
44. C\u1ea7n tr\u1ed9n 5 mol benzen v\u1edbi 2 mol \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng n\u00e0o c\u1ee7a n\u00f3 \u0111\u1ec3 thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p m\u00e0 1 mol h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p n\u00e0y c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng l\u00e0 90
gam?
C7H8
b) C8H10
c) C9H12
d) C10H14
90. S\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n th\u01a1m c\u1ee7a C7H8O l\u00e0:
a) 3
b) 4
c) 5
d) 6
45. Khi \u0111\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 2a mol m\u1ed9t r\u01b0\u1ee3u no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf c\u1ea7n d\u00f9ng 35a mol kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed (g\u1ed3m 20% O2 v\u00e0 80% N2 theo th\u1ec3 t\u00edch).
C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a r\u01b0\u1ee3u n\u00e0y l\u00e0:
a) C2H4(OH)2
b) C3H5(OH)3
c) C3H7OH
d) C4H9OH
46. Nicotine l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 c\u00f3 trong thu\u1ed1c l\u00e1. H\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ea1o b\u1edfi ba nguy\u00ean t\u1ed1 l\u00e0 Cacbon, Hi\u0111ro v\u00e0 Nit\u01a1. \u0110em \u0111\u1ed1t
ch\u00e1y h\u1ebft 2,349 gam nicotine, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c Nit\u01a1 \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ea5t, 1,827 gam H2O v\u00e0 6,380 gam CO2. C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a nicotine l\u00e0:
a) C5H7N
b) C3H7N2
c) C4H9N
d) C3H5N
47. Ch\u1ea5t 2-amino-3-clo-butanol-1 c\u00f3 c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c l\u00e0:
a) CH3CH(NH2)CHClCH2OH
b) CH2OHCH(NH2)CHClCH3
c) CH3CH(NO2)CHClCH2OH
d) CH3CHClCH(NO2)CH2OH
48. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y 20 ml kh\u00ed propan b\u1eb1ng 60 ml kh\u00ed oxi trong m\u1ed9t b\u00ecnh k\u00edn, ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n, \u1edf nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 v\u00e0 \u00e1p su\u1ea5t kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed5i, t\u1ea1o
kh\u00ed cacbonic v\u00e0 h\u01a1i n\u01b0\u1edbc. Sau ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ch\u00e1y, th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p kh\u00ed s\u1ebd l\u00e0:
a) 84 ml
b) 92 ml
c) 100 ml
d) 108 ml
49. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i nh\u00f3m ch\u1ee9c. Khi cho bay h\u01a1i ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 2,3 gam A \u1edf \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 v\u00e0 \u00e1p su\u1ea5t th\u00edch
h\u1ee3p th\u00ec thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i b\u1eb1ng th\u1ec3 t\u00edch c\u1ee7a 0,8 gam kh\u00ed oxi trong c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n. Cho 4,6 gam A tr\u00ean t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng h\u1ebft v\u1edbi
Na th\u00ec thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 1,68 l\u00edt H2 (\u0111ktc). A l\u00e0:
a) Axit oxalic
b) Glixerin
c) Butan-1,2-\u0111iol
d) Sorbitol
50. A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y h\u1ebft 8,6 gam A, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 0,6 mol CO2 v\u00e0 0,7 mol H2O.
a) A l\u00e0 C6H14O6
b) A l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ee9a oxi, kh\u00f4ng no
c) C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c ph\u00e2n t\u1eed c\u1ee7a A l\u00e0 C3H8
d) A kh\u00f4ng tham gia \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng c\u1ed9ng
51. C\u00f3 bao nhi\u00eau \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed trao \u0111\u1ed5i khi 46 gam toluen b\u1ecb oxi h\u00f3a h\u1ebft \u0111\u1ec3 t\u1ea1o axit benzoic?
a) Cho 3 mol \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed
b) Nh\u1eadn 3 mol \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed
c) Cho 6 \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed
d) Nh\u1eadn 6 mol \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed
52. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y h\u1ebft 5,4 gam ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 A, ch\u1ec9 thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c CO2 v\u00e0 H2O. Cho h\u1ea5p thu h\u1ebft s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u00e1y v\u00e0o b\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ef1ng n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00f4i
trong d\u01b0, kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u00ecnh t\u0103ng 19 gam. Trong b\u00ecnh c\u00f3 35 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a. H\u01a1i A nh\u1eb9 h\u01a1n h\u01a1i cumen (isopropylbenzen). N\u1ebfu A l\u00e0
m\u1ed9t h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t th\u01a1m v\u00e0 t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c dung d\u1ecbch ki\u1ec1m th\u00ec c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c ph\u00e2n t\u1eed t\u00ecm \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u1ee7a A c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u1ee9ng v\u1edbi bao nhi\u00eau ch\u1ea5t?
a) Hai ch\u1ea5t
b) Ba ch\u1ea5t
c) B\u1ed1n ch\u1ea5t
d) N\u0103m ch\u1ea5t
53. X, Y, Z l\u00e0 ba hi\u0111rocacbon m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf. \u0110em nung \u1edf nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 cao, trong \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed, th\u00ec c\u00e1c hi\u0111rocacbon n\u00e0y
b\u1ecb nhi\u1ec7t ph\u00e2n t\u1ea1o cacbon v\u00e0 kh\u00ed hi\u0111ro. S\u1ed1 mol kh\u00ed hi\u0111ro thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c do s\u1ef1 nhi\u1ec7t ph\u00e2n m\u1ed7i ch\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ec1u g\u1ea5p 3 l\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 mol m\u1ed7i
hi\u0111rocacbon \u0111em nhi\u1ec7t ph\u00e2n. Y h\u01a1n X m\u1ed9t nguy\u00ean t\u1eed cacbon, Z h\u01a1n Y m\u1ed9t nguy\u00ean t\u1eed cacbon trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed v\u00e0 X kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m

m\u1ea5t m\u00e0u n\u01b0\u1edbc brom. Ch\u1ecdn k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn \u0111\u00fang:
a) X, Y, Z l\u00e0 ba ch\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng nhau v\u00ec c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c gi\u1eefa ch\u00fang h\u01a1n k\u00e9m nhau m\u1ed9t nguy\u00ean t\u1eed cacbon trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed.
b) Y, Z l\u00e0m m\u1ea5t m\u00e0u \u0111\u1ecf n\u00e2u c\u1ee7a n\u01b0\u1edbc bom.
c) X, Y, Z \u0111\u1ec1u l\u00e0m m\u1ea5t m\u00e0u t\u00edm c\u1ee7a dung d\u1ecbch kali pemanganat (KMnO4).
d) T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u sai.

54. Anilin (C6H5NH2) r\u1ea5t \u00edt h\u00f2a tan trong n\u01b0\u1edbc. Dung d\u1ecbch n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0m cho anilin tan nhi\u1ec1u h\u01a1n?
a) HCl
b) NaOH
c) \u0110ietyl ete
d) Toluen
55. H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m m\u1ed9t ankan v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t anken. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y A thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c a mol H2O v\u00e0 b mol CO2. T l\u00e0 t\u1ec9 s\u1ed1 gi\u1eefa a v\u00e0 b. T c\u00f3 tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1
trong kho\u1ea3ng n\u00e0o?
a) 0,5 < T < 2
b) 1 < T < 1,5
c) 1,5 < T < 2
d) 1 < T < 2
56. Th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng tr\u00e1ng g\u01b0\u01a1ng ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 2,56 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p A g\u1ed3m hai an\u0111ehit: etanal v\u00e0 propenal v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0 dung
d\u1ecbch b\u1ea1c nitrat trong amoniac. Tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng kim lo\u1ea1i b\u1ea1c thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 c\u00f3?
a) 10,8 gam
b) 8,5 gam
c) 12,2 gam
d) 11,5 gam
57. Gi\u1ea3 s\u1eed trong \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n th\u00edch h\u1ee3p, ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng este h\u00f3a v\u1eeba \u0111\u1ee7 gi\u1eefa 12,4 gam etylenglicol v\u1edbi m gam
h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p hai axit h\u1eefu c\u01a1 \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp, thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 32 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p ba este \u0111a ch\u1ee9c. C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c hai axit
h\u1eefu c\u01a1 \u0111em d\u00f9ng l\u00e0:
a) HCOOH, CH3COOH
b) CH3COOH, CH3CH2COOH

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