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Final Prison Subtraction

Final Prison Subtraction

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Published by Dustin Maynard

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Published by: Dustin Maynard on Oct 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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“Upon receipt of such information for each incarcerated person subject to the jurisdictionof the Department of Corrections and Community Supervision, the task force shalldetermine the census block corresponding to the street address of each such person’sresidential address prior to incarceration (if any), and the census block corresponding tothe street address of the correctional facility in which such person was held subject to thejurisdiction of such department.” (See Part XX of Chapter 57 of the Laws of 2010)
In keeping with the obligations under Part XX o Chapter 57 o the Laws o 2010reerred to as partXX below, the Legislative Advisory Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionmentdetermined the census block corresponding to the correctional acility in which such personwas held on April 1, 2010. This determination was made using the inormation provided by theDepartment o Corrections and Community Supervision (DOCCS) as authorized by this sameChapter or this purpose. The result o this task allows or the subtraction o such prisoners romthe census blocks o their incarceration and the reallocation o such prisoners to the census blockcorresponding to their street address prior to incarceration.Below is detailed the methodology and results o identiying the census blocks rom which suchprisoners are subtracted.
Locating DOCCS Facilities:
Using correctional acility addresses rom the DOCCS Facility Listing, ound on its website (http:// www.docs.state.ny.us/aclist.html) and a geographic point database created rom this list byCornell Universities’ Program on Applied Demographics, each DOCCS acility was located and the
New York State Assembly
proper Census Bureau identication inormation (county, tract, and block number) was assignedto each acility. These blocks were urther examined using GOOGLE Maps (satellite view) todetermine what was physically present on that block.DOCCS provided inmate records or 68 acilities, though today there are 67 identied DOCCSacilities. One correctional acility has been closed since April 1, 2010, Lyon Mountain CorrectionalFacility located in the town o Lyon Mountain in Clinton County. The closure o Lyon MountainCorrectional Facility reduced the DOCCS Facility Listing rom 68 acilities to 67 acilities.
The total number o people identied by DOCCS as being under their jurisdiction on April 1, 2010was 58,237. Each o those 58,237 was identied with a unique identication number in the listsprovided to LATFOR.
Group Quarters
The Census Bureau released on April 20, 2011, inormation on what it calls group quarterswhich include adult correctional acilities including ederal, state and local acilities, alternative toincarceration programs both state and local, military dormitories, college dormitories, group homesor people with developmental disabilities, etc. The Bureau provides a count o the number opeople in dierent types o group quarters including the count orthe category “adult correctionalacilities.” (Variable p042003) This census dataset does not include acility name or addressidentiers but instead uses census geography to identiy the block where the census has identieda group quarters.Moreover, the Census Bureau adult correctional acilities count (reported as Variable p042003)does not distinguish between state prison acilities, county and local jails, ederal prisons,Immigration and Customs Enorcement (ICE) detention acilities, and specialized acilities housingindividuals held in acilities operated by New York State Oce o Mental Health who have beendeemed incompetent to stand trial because o mental deect or illness.The Bureau reported that 186 blocks (county, tract, block) have adult correctional acilitiesresidents with a total number o residents o 117,717 people—not all o whom are covered byChapter 57. (See below)
Census group quarters data reconciliation with DOCCS prisoner and facility list andadjustment to affected block populations:
Census bureau group quarters data, released onApril 20, 2011 contains adult correctional population numbers (variable p042003) or 186 blocksin New York State. A visual examination o all 186 blocks was completed. This process includedprinting maps o all 186 blocks that included county, town, block and street lines as well as the
Although the minimum portion o Butler Correctional Facility was also closed in the same year, because the medium portion o Butler CorrectionalFacility remains in operation, no change to the number o correctional acilities occurs as a result o the minimum unit’s closure. In addition, up to sevencorrectional acilities shall close in the coming year.
Cornell points and then comparing these maps to the DOCCS Facility Listing addresses to nd amatch.During this map analysis both the census reported adult correctional population and the DOCCSaddress derived acility population were considered and compared as a match was madebetween the census block and the DOCCS acility. Google Maps and address lookup toolswere also used to help conrm the identity o the correctional acilities. This analysis identied73 blocks as having either, a single DOCCS acility (59), multiple DOCCS acilities (2) or apartial DOCCS acility (12). Also identied were 3 blocks that contain the two ederal prisons inNew York State, with one acility on a single block (that also contains a DOCCS acility) and theother split between two blocks. The remainder o the 186 blocks were observed to be countyand other local correctional acilities as well as other state and ederal holding acilities or localcorrectional programs not subject to the provisions o part XX. A total o 68 DOCCS correctionalacilities, which were the total number o state correctional acilities in operation on April 1, 2010and two ederal correctional acilities were identied amongst a total 75 census blocks. The 75blocks are identied in the attached spreadsheet chart (see Exhibit 1 or chart [adult corr pop bycensus block.xls]) by their census County, Tract, Block codes appearing in columns A, C and D,respectively.It should be noted that in many cases it was ound that the blocks the census bureau identiedwere not completely consistent with the list and location o DOCCS acilities. This was sometimesconrmed by the Cornell point database, but also occasionally the Cornell data was incorrect.Other mis-locations were identied using Google Maps and address look up tools.These mis-locations are not substantial and most oten were a case where a neighbor block to theactual acility location was identied, an example being a parking lot identied versus the actualinmate housing buildings located on an adjacent block. In other cases, a acility covers multipleblocks and the census identied only one block with adult correctional population, an examplebeing one housing building being assigned population while other neighboring housing buildings inadjacent blocks are assigned no correctional population. In all instances the mis-locations are notsubstantial. In no instance does any mis-location aect the results (The proper assignment o aDOCCS acility or Census Bureau adult correctional acility)to its correct Census block creates nochange inany city, town, county, Assembly District or Senate district correctional acility.Also, the Willard Drug Treatment Campus was included in the Census group quarters numbers,the DOCCS website list, the inmate address list and this analysis even though it is not considereda prison as per §70.1(c) o the Correction Law. Although Willard residents are not prisoners,because they are included in the dataset provided by DOCCS, they are included in our amendeddataset. The inmates were included and properly located, though we recognize Willard is not, inact, a prison and the residents are not, in act, inmates subject to part XX.The Willard Drug Treatment Campus is an alternative to incarceration program created by theLegislature in 1995 under the Omnibus Sentencing Reorm Act o 1995. Willard provides a ninety-day program o intensive drug treatment services or persons who receive sentences o parolesupervision pursuant to section 70.06 or 70.70 o the Penal Law and certain violators o parole

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