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French Revolution Class Made Chronology of FRANCE c.1770-1830

French Revolution Class Made Chronology of FRANCE c.1770-1830

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Published by Rykalski
A class constructed chronology of events in the history of France c.1770 - c.1830.
A class constructed chronology of events in the history of France c.1770 - c.1830.

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Published by: Rykalski on Oct 12, 2011
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09/11/2014

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CLASS MADE CHRONOLOGY OF FRANCE c.1770 - c.1830 July 1778-France allied with the American colonies and declares war on Britain As the American Revolution progressed, it became clear to the Continental Congressthat foreign aid and alliances would be necessary for them to win their war againstBritain. In the wake of the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, a templatewas created for potential commercial treaties with France and Spain. The Treatyof Alliance with France, was a defensive alliance between France and the UnitedStates of America, formed in the midst of the American Revolutionary War, whichpromised military support in case of attack by British forces. Negotiated by the Americandiplomats Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee, the Treaty of Alliancerequired that neither France nor the United States agree to a separate peace with GreatBritain, and that American independence be a condition of any future peace agreement.The threat posed by the French military forced Britain to redeploy forces from NorthAmerica to defend other parts of the empire. As result, the scope of British action inNorth America was limited. As the Wars of the French Revolution began to consumeEurope, Washington's declaration of Neutrality and the subsequent Neutrality Act of 1794 eliminated many of the treaty's military provisions. Franco-American relationsbegan a steady decline. July 1778: Allied with the American colonies, France Declares war on BritainFrance decided to ally themselves with the American colonies not onlybecause of general distaste for the British or revenge seeking for the loss of Canada,but in the hope that if the colonies won France could capitalise on the trade possibilitieswith the newly formed country. Unfortunately, the Americans instantly forgot their alliesin the war and immediately began trading with Britain. France had run up a huge debt inthis war, bringing up their total to over 3 billion livre tournois. The signing of the UnitedStates Constitution and Declaration of Independence, made many of the French liberalelite proud to have participated, but worried many French royalists. This fear eventuallyled to the signing of a bill stating that only those of noble birth were to be commissionedas officers in the French military. Sept. 1783-Diamond Necklace Affair the reputation of the Queen, which was already tarnished by gossip, was ruined bythe implication that she had participated in a crime to defraud the crown jewellers of the cost of a very expensive diamond necklace. The affair of the diamond necklacewas important in discrediting the Bourbon monarchy in the eyes of the French peopleyears before the French revolution. Maria became even more unpopular, and maliciousgossip about her made her even more of a liability to her husband. She was never able
 
to shake off the idea in the public imagination that she had perpetrated an extravagantfraud for her own frivolous ends.May 1788: Breinne’s ‘May edicts’ reorganise judicial system, parlements protest.Popular protests, clergy and nobles all support the parlements.Previously the government had paid deficits by taking out more loans, but in1783 parliament protested, claiming that a cutback in expenditure was the best route totake. After much debate and the dismissal of the Controller-General, Charles-Alexandrede Calonne, for not being willing to show the National Assembly past financial records;Lomenie de Brienne became his successor with the hope of carrying out the reformsproposed by the Assembly; mainly that tax should be based on the ability to pay butalso that an independent, permanent commission should be formed to supervisefinances. The king refused, seeing it as a restriction of his powers, and dismissed theAssembly on May 26. Brienne still tried to pass his edicts through Parliament but wasrefused as they felt only the Estates General had the authority. Brienne responded byforce and took the rights of Parliament to pass and dismiss laws away, and gave it toa new court to be formed by members appointed by the king. Opposition and violenceflared across the country, forcing the king to promise to call the Estates General no later than May 1, 1989. Brienne resigned, to be replaced by Jacques Necker. 20 June 1789- Tennis court oathThe Oath was a pledge signed by 576 of the 577 members from the Third Estate whowere locked out of a meeting of the Estates-General on 20 June 1789 so they made amakeshift conference room inside a tennis court located in the Saint-Louis district near the Palace of Versailles. The group was led by Honore Gabriel Riqueti and it was onthis day that they began to call themselves the National assembly. Due to their fear for the Kings life after being locked out they gathered on the tennis court and swore "notto separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". 14 July 1789 - Storming of the Bastille-The demonstrators were lead by Amaria Cahila.There was a vast number of weapons and ammunition stored within the Bastille, viewedto be a symbol of Royal power. The crowd of around a thousand came to the Bastilleand remained outside while two of them went in to negotiate. The crowd quickly grewrestless and decided to charge in. It fell within a few hours. Upon storming the Bastilleit was discovered that only seven prisoners were being kept there at the time. Thegovernor, despite looking out for the people’s best interests by negotiating a ceasefire,was stabbed beaten and had his head paraded around on a spike. 
 
 14 July 1789The takeover of the Bastille, the Royal centre of authority in Paris, by citizens followedNecker’s dismissal of which the Parisians presumed was the marking of the initiationof a coup of the conservative elements and hence armed themselves. Though thestorming of the Bastille occurred amidst a general plundering of Paris by the peasantry,and despite there only being a single-figured amount of inmates, the attack on asymbol of monarchal power within the capital (which would lead to the beheading of its Governor by the mob) created a violent revolutionary image. The occurrence of thestorming of the Bastille saw an increase in fear among the nobility as the numbers of émigrés increased and was an act of direct violence that would spread into the ruralareas, becoming the ‘Great Fear’. 5 – 11 August 1789The National Assembly’s abolition of feudalism was a measure taken followingthe ‘Great Fear’ spreading across France as the peasants revolt. This also attackedthe tax base of the monarchy as it gave greater control and power to the bourgeoisieover their own land. Furthermore the decree lessened the chance of nepotism withinecclesiastic, military and civil positions by stating that anyone may apply for a positionwithout derogation concerning the distinction of their birth. The status of priests withina parish was also now to be decided by the National Assembly, further constraining thepower of the monarchy over their hold on the Church. 26 August 1789: Declaration of the Rights of Man and the CitizenInfluenced heavily by such philosophers as Rousseau, Monstesquieu andPaine, the declaration codified what were believed to be the universal and natural rightsof all men by the National Constituent Assembly. This, along with the United States’Declaration of Independence that preceded it, was seen as the epitome of the thoughtsof the Enlightenment. While it served as the first type of constitution for the newFrance it embodied more aspirations than practices and still came under opposition asindividual rights and democracy were still seen by some as synonymous with anarchyand subversion. It is important to note that these set out the rights of 
man
, and thatwomen and slaves were kept out of the declaration. 19 June 1791The abolition of nobility and titles made any prefixes such as “Baron”, “Prince”or “Count” forbidden and urging the use of family names solely. The use of a crest of arms was also outlawed. This was an attempt at increasing the level of equality withinthe French population, with later abolitions of Royal guilds and monopolies in March of the same year a development in the attempt to constrain the control and wealth of the

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