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MPE RJ - Apostila de Informática

MPE RJ - Apostila de Informática

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Published by Roberto Andrade
Conteúdo completo para o concurso do MPE RJ.
Conteúdo completo para o concurso do MPE RJ.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Roberto Andrade on Oct 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/23/2013

 
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@AI\DÂXGKB VB\B KI@KS\[I[ ‛ V\IA. \ILC\XI B@H\BHC
Vb|b ilxc| dbg{ dbxc|gbj hghâxgki* bvi{xgjb{* jgq|i{* b{{g{xg| qähci$bsjb{ c lbg}b| i{ {jghc{ c}glghi{ cd {bjb* Bkc{{c?
^^^.\ILC\XIB@H\BHC.KID.L\
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    2 
Ijâ*
Qbdi{ kidcîb| dbg{ sdb xs|db hc g`ai|dâxgkb" [cob lcd qg`hi-b'"[c qikï `ëi {gdvbxgzb kid c{xb dbxç|gb is {cdv|c {c hâ dbj cdv|iqb os{xbdc`xc `b vb|xc hc g`ai|dâxgkb* abîi$jmc sd ki`qgxc vb|bb{{g{xg| dg`mb bsjb...qikï bv|c`hc|â hc sd ocgxi hgqc|xghi c g`iqbhi|"
I@HC DC C@KI@X\B\?
abkcliie.kid)|ilc|xib`h|bhc.kid.l|
As`hbdc`xi{ c ki`kcgxi{ lâ{gki{ |cjbkgi`bhi{ æ G`xc|`cx
I ki`kcgxi hc G`xc|`cx aig g`qc`xbhi cd 271>* vcji B\VB -Bhqb`kch \c{cb|km V|iockxBnc`kw' b vchghi hi HiH -Hcvb|xdc`x ia Hcac`{c' `i{ CSB. B ghçgb c|b ki`{x|sg| sdb |chcrsc g`xc|jgnb{{c i{ qâ|gi{ kidvsxbhi|c{ hb Hcac{b Bdc|gkb`b -B\VB@CX' hs|b`xc b nsc||ba|gb* b{{gd kidi i{ hc bjnsdb{ n|b`hc{ s`gqc|{ghbhc{* hc db`cg|b rsc `c`msd bxbrsc`skjcb| vshc{{c vø| cd |g{ki i as`kgi`bdc`xi hb |chc* lcd kidi hc{c{xblgjgzb| iniqc|`i.Vb|b kidv|cc`hc| dcjmi|* lb{xb il{c|qb| b vbjbq|b G@XC\@CX. Cjb dc{di oâ {c hcag`c"G@XC\ {gn`gagkb ‚c`x|c— c @CX {gn`gagkb ‚|chc—* b dcjmi| hcag`gîëi hc g`xc|`cx ç ‚C@X\C\CHC[—.Ç c||bhi hcag`g| G`xc|`cx kidi?
‚B |chc ds`hgbj hc kidvsxbhi|c{— 
. G`xc|`cx `ëi ç {û sdbÿ`gkb |chc* ç `b qc|hbhc i ki`os`xi -g`xc|jgnbîëi' hc xihb{ b{ |chc{ hc bkc{{i vÿljgki.Dsgxb{ vc{{ib{ xbdlçd ki`kcgxsbd b g`xc|`cx kid lb{c `i {c|qgîi rsc dbg{ sxgjgzbd* bjnikidi?
‚G`xc|`cx ç i`hc jcgi c$dbgj{* is i`hc abîi vc{rsg{b{ 
—. Is c`xëi?
‚G`xc|`cx ç ^^^—.
  Xbg{ ki`kcgxi{ c{xëi c||bhi{* vig{ jgdgxbd b g`xc|`cx b sd dc|i {c|qgîi hc`x|c b{ qâ|gb{ hcvi{{glgjghbhc{ rsc cjb vihc iac|xb|. Gdbng`c b g`xc|`cx kidi sdb n|b`hc |ihiqgb c `cjbx|b`{gxbd kb||i{* dixi{* kbdg`móc{* kmb||cxc{* cxk. I{ qcäksji{ rsc x|b`{gxbd {ëi i{{c|qgîi{* kidi? c$dbgj* hi~`jibh{* vc{rsg{b{* lbxc$vbvi* |âhgi i`jg`c. B G`xc|`cx ç b qgb hcki`hsîëi hc{xc{ qcäksji{.@i L|b{gj b G`xc|`cx kmcnis `i ag`bj hb hçkbhb hc 27=6 bx|bqç{ hb \@V -\chc @bkgi`bj hcVc{rsg{b'* k|gbhb vcji Dg`g{xç|gi hb Kgï`kgb hc Xck`ijingb vb|b aidc`xb| bvjgkbîóc{ c{c|qgîi{ `i bdlgc`xc hc |chc c`x|c b{ g`{xgxsgîóc{ bkbhïdgkb{. [idc`xc cd 2773 bG`xc|`cx {c bl|gs vb|b s{i kidc|kgbj* `b{kc`hi b{{gd i{ v|iqchi|c{ hc bkc{{i -G[V' rsc`i{ ki`ckxbd b G`xc|`cx* bxsb`hi kidi g`xc|dchgbhi|c{ c`x|c i `i{{i kidvsxbhi| c i|c{xi hi ds`hi.
XCDB[ \CJBKGI@BHI[ BI V\IXIKIJI XKV)GVC@HC\CÎI GV
C}g{xcd bjnsdb{ kidvb|bîóc{ c`x|c kidvsxbhi|c{ c xcjcai`c{* i `ÿdc|i hc GV ç sdbhcjb{. Qikï vihc gdbng`b| i `ÿdc|i GV kidi sd `ÿdc|i hc xcjcai`c kid xihi{ i{ kûhgni{hc hg{kbncd g`xc|`bkgi`bj. G{xi {gn`gagkb rsc rsbjrsc| dârsg`b vihc ki`xbkxb| isx|bdârsg`b s{b`hi i `ÿdc|i hc GV* lb{xb`hi bvc`b{ rsc c}g{xb sd kbdg`mi c`x|c b{ hsb{dârsg`b{. Xihi kidvsxbhi| cd |chc xcd hc vi{{sg| il|gnbxi|gbdc`xc sd `ÿdc|i hc GVvb|b {c| ghc`xgagkbhi hi{ hcdbg{ kidvsxbhi|c{.Lcd kidi* hsb{ dârsg`b{ `b dc{db |chc @ËI vihcd xc| i dc{di `ÿdc|i hc GV. C{{b|c{x|gîëi {û iki||c vb|b dârsg`b{ `b dc{db |chc* vig{ dârsg`b{ `sdb |chc `ëi
 
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@AI\DÂXGKB VB\B KI@KS\[I[ ‛ V\IA. \ILC\XI B@H\BHC
Vb|b ilxc| dbg{ dbxc|gbj hghâxgki* bvi{xgjb{* jgq|i{* b{{g{xg| qähci$bsjb{ c lbg}b| i{ {jghc{ c}glghi{ cd {bjb* Bkc{{c?
^^^.\ILC\XIB@H\BHC.KID.L\
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    2    8 
@bqcnbîëi G`V|gqbxc
Mâ ikb{góc{ cd rsc qikï `ëi rsc|hcg}b| |b{x|i{ hc {sb bxgqghbhc hc`bqcnbîëi `i kidvsxbhi|.B @bqcnbîëi G`V|gqbxc boshb bgdvchg| rsc {cs mg{xû|gki hc`bqcnbîëi* i{ b|rsgqi{ hc G`xc|`cxxcdvi|â|gi{* hbhi{ hc ai|dsjâ|gi{*kiiegc{* `idc{ hc s{sâ|gi{ c {c`mb{ {cobd |cxghi{ vcji `bqcnbhi|. G`gkgc b @bqcnbîëiG`V|gqbxc `i dc`s [cns|b`îb* v|c{{gi`b`hi Kx|j%[mgax%V* is `b vâng`b @iqb Nsgb. IG`xc|`cx C}vji|c| g`gkgb|â sdb `iqb {c{{ëi hi `bqcnbhi| rsc `ëi nsb|hb|â b{ g`ai|dbîóc{{il|c b{ vâng`b{ hb ^cl rsc qikï qg{gxb| is b{ vc{rsg{b{ rsc qikï agzc|. I ackmbdc`xi hb ob`cjb hi `bqcnbhi| ag`bjgzb|â {sb {c{{ëi hc @bqcnbîëi G`V|gqbxc.
Nc|c`kgbhi| hc Hi~`jibh
I Nc|c`kgbhi| hc Hi~`jibh c{xâ g`xcn|bhi æ vb{xb hc hi~`jibh hi ^g`hi~{. Ç sd dihiaâkgj hc g`xc|bng| kid i{ hi~`jibh{ hc b|rsgqi{* i rsc {gn`gagkb rsc qikï vihc kjb{{gagkb|*gdv|gdg| is c`qgb| {cs{ hi~`jibh{ vb|b isx|i jikbj* hb dc{db ai|db rsc ab|gb kid isx|i{b|rsgqi{. Xbdlçd ç vi{{äqcj s{b| i Nc|c`kgbhi| hc Hi~`jibh vb|b ki`x|ijb| {cs{hi~`jibh{* g`kjs{gqc xshi hc{hc c}cksxb| is bl|g| b|rsgqi{ bxç vbs{b| is kb`kcjb|hi~`jibh{. Qikï vihc bxç c}kjsg| hi~`jibh{ hi Nc|c`kgbhi| hc Hi~`jibh.I Nc|c`kgbhi| hc Hi~`jibh xbdlçd as`kgi`b kid i Agjx|i hi [db|x[k|cc` vb|b boshb| bv|ixcnc| qikï ki`x|b hi~`jibh{ dbj$g`xc`kgi`bhi{. I{ hi~`jibh{ vi{{gqcjdc`xcb||g{kbhi{ {ëi ljirscbhi{ hc gdchgbxi. Hcvig{* i Nc|c`kgbhi| hc Hi~`jibh ghc`xgagkbkjb|bdc`xc i{ v|in|bdb{ kid dbgi| |g{ki vb|b rsc qikï vi{{b xidb| sdb hckg{ëic{kjb|ckghb vb|b c}kjsg|* c}cksxb| is {bjqb| i hi~`jibh.
\cbjkc hc hidä`gi
Sdb ai|db hc cqgxb| {gxc{ c`nb`i{i{ ç {blc| i c`hc|cîi hi {gxc rsc qikï v|cxc`hc qg{gxb|.Kid i |cbjkc hc hidä`gi* i G`xc|`cx C}vji|c| 7 vc|dgxc rsc qikï qcob g`{xb`xb`cbdc`xc iqc|hbhcg|i c`hc|cîi ^cl |cbjîb`hi i `idc hi hidä`gi `b Lb||b hc c`hc|cîi{* i rsc xi|`bdbg{ aâkgj ghc`xgagkb| i{ {gxc{ qg{gxbhi{. G{{i boshb b bjc|xâ$ji vb|b {gxc{ rsc xc`xbd c`nb`â$ji kid c`hc|cîi{ abj{i{ c boshb| b |chszg| b{ kmb`kc{ hc kidv|idcxgdc`xi hc {sb{g`ai|dbîóc{ vc{{ibg{.
Dihi hc C}glgîëi hc Kidvbxglgjghbhc
Mâ ikb{góc{ cd rsc i {gxc rsc qikï c{xâ qg{gxb`hi`ëi xcd b bvb|ï`kgb ki||cxb. Cjc ç di{x|bhi kidisd cdb|b`mbhi hc dc`s{* gdbnc`{ c kbg}b{ hcxc}xi ai|b hc i|hcd. Vi| rsc g{{i bki`xckc9 Sdb c}vjgkbîëi vi{{äqcj? i {gxc vihc xc| {ghihc{c`qijqghi vb|b sdb qc|{ëi b`xc|gi| hi G`xc|`cx C}vji|c|. I rsc abzc|9 C}vc|gdc`xckjgkb| `i lixëi Dihi hc C}glgîëi hc Kidvbxglgjghbhc.
 
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@AI\DÂXGKB VB\B KI@KS\[I[ ‛ V\IA. \ILC\XI B@H\BHC
Vb|b ilxc| dbg{ dbxc|gbj hghâxgki* bvi{xgjb{* jgq|i{* b{{g{xg| qähci$bsjb{ c lbg}b| i{ {jghc{ c}glghi{ cd {bjb* Bkc{{c?
^^^.\ILC\XIB@H\BHC.KID.L\
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    7    < 
N< ‛ |cac|c${c bi c`hc|cîi hi [bjâ|gi L|sxi0136 ‛ |cac|c${c æ ki`hgîëi vb|b rsc {cob acgxi i kâjksjiN</3# $ |cac|c${c b |c{vi{xb {c ai| qc|hbhcg|b* is {cob* {c `i c`hc|cîi N22 ki`xc|sd qbji| dbgi| rsc 136* c`xëi cjc dsjxgvjgkb|â i Qbji| hi [bjâ|gi L|sxi-N22' vi| 3#-xb}b hi Gdvi{xi hc \c`hb'6-zc|i' ‛ |cac|c${c b |c{vi{xb {c ai| abj{i* is {cob* kb{i `i c`hc|cîi N22 `ëi xc`mbsd qbji| dbgi| rsc 136* c`xëi `ëi mbqc|â kâjksji* cjc kijikb|â 6-zc|i'.
Jcdl|cxc?
[cdv|c kijirsc v|gdcg|i b |c{vi{xb Qc|hbhcg|b.
AÛ\DSJB HB KI@HGÎËI [C c C
Bni|b qikï xcd sdb vjb`gjmb ki`xc`hi b ghbhc c bjxs|b hc {cs{ bjs`i{. Mbqc|â sdbkidvcxgîëi c{kijb| c {idc`xc brscjc{ rsc xcd ghbhc dbgi| rsc 23 c Bjxs|b dbgi| isgnsbj rsc 2*>6 vb|xgkgvb|bd hb kidvcxgîëi. @c{xc kb{i qikï sxgjgzb|â b ki`hgîëi [C cb ki`hgîëi C.Vi|rsc v|iac{{i|9Ç {gdvjc{* vi|rsc vb|b i bjs`i vb|xgkgvb| cjc hcqc vi{{sg| b ghbhc dbgi| rsc 23 cbjxs|b dbgi| is gnsbj 2*>6. B{ hsb{ ki`hgîóc{ hcqcd {c| qc|hbhcg|b{* kb{i sdb {cobabj{b* cjc `ëi vb|xgkgvb|â. Qcob i c}cdvji?I`hc?L< ‛ |cac|c${c bi c`hc|cîi hb ghbhc023 ‛ |cac|c${c æ ki`hgîëi* is {cob* {c b ghbhc ai| dbgi| rsc 23K< ‛ |cac|c${c bi c`hc|cîi hb bjxs|b042*>6 ‛ |cac|c${c æ ki`hgîëi* is {cob* {c b bjxs|b ai| dbgi| is gnsbj b 2*>6‚Kidvcxg|â— ‛ |c{vi{xb {c b{ hsb{ ki`hgîóc{ ai|cd qc|hbhcg|b{.‚@ëi Kidvcxg|â—$ |c{vi{xb {c kb{i b{ hsb{ |c{vi{xb{ `ëi ai|cd qc|hbhcg|b{.

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