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Sultan Sooud Al Qassemi: How Urbanisation Is Changing Emirati Identity

Sultan Sooud Al Qassemi: How Urbanisation Is Changing Emirati Identity

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Sultan Sooud Al-Qassemi on Oct 12, 2011
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07/31/2013

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A video
aken in he lae 1990’s shows Sheikh Zayed sanding in hismajlis alking o Mohammed Khalia Al Haboor
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, he speaker o heFederal Naional Council who served rom 1997 o 2003. I vividly recallwaching ha video when I was a eenage suden in Paris. SheikhZayed, wearing his golden embroidered bish, a sor o cape wornby he heads o ribes in he Gul on major occasions, gesures o heaudience in his majlis, saying, “I swear by God Almight ha I did noknow ha here were now people (ciizens) who were living in renedaccommodaion. Unil I have received heir reques leers. In Abu Dhabiand in Dubai and rom Sharjah and rom Ras Al Khaimah. There arepeople living in rened accommodaion. How can hey be living inrened accommodaion? How can any ruler accep ha his ciizens areoday living in rened accommodaion?”Tha was as recen as 1998. Today, however, i is a compleelydiferen sory. Many UAE naionals reside no only in rened housesbu also in rened aparmens and sudios, and many o heseshared. When Sheikh Zayed ocially became Presiden o he UAEin December 1971, here were 180,000 UAE inhabians
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. Tha was amanageable number even wih he counry’s hen meagre resources.Today, he oal populaion has exceeded eigh million
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wih henaionals accouning or 923,000
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o he oal. Many UAE naionalsprivaely dispue he figures o UAE naionals in he belie ha he UAEpopulaion is less han he ocial esimae. I is indubiable, however,ha many more Emirais oday live in an urban environmen. Anda significan number o UAE naionals commue daily o he urbanenvironmens o Dubai and Abu Dhabi rom he poorer emiraes suchRas Al Khaimah and Fujairah.
ﻪﺴﻠﺎ ً ﻔﻗاوﺪﻳاز ﺦﻴﺸﻟاتﺎﻴﻨﻴﻌﺴﺘﻟاﺮﺧاوأإدﻮﻌﻳٌرّﻮﺼﻣٌﻂﻳﺮﺷ
ﺮِ ﻬﻈ ُ ﻳ
تّﺪﺘﻣايﺬﻟا
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رﻮﺘﺒﳊاﺔﻔﻴﻠﺧﺪﻤيدﺎﲢﻻاﻲﻨﻃﻮﻟاﺲﻠاﺲﻴﺋر إﺎ ً ﺛّﺪﺤﺘﻣوﻂﻳﺮﺸﻟااﺬﻫﻲﺗﺪﻫﺎﺸﻣ حﻮﺿﻮﺑ ﺮﻛذأو.
2003
مﺎﻌﻟاﻰﺘﺣ
1997
مﺎﻌﻟاﻦﻣ ﻪﺘﻳﻻو“ﺖﺸﺒﻟا” ﺎ ً ﻳﺪﺗﺮﻣ ﺪﻳاز ﺦﻴﺸﻟااﺪﺑ ﺪﻗو.ﺲﻳرﺎﺑ ﺎ ً ﺒﻟﺎﻃﺖﻨﻛﺎﻤﻨﻴﺣﺔﻘﻫاﺮﳌامﺎﻳأﻲﺘﻟاوأﺞﻴﻠﳋاﻞﺋﺎﺒﻘﻟاءﺎﺳؤر ﺎﻬﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳ ﻲﺘﻟاتاءﺎﺒﻌﻟاﻦﻣ عﻮﻧ ﻮﻫو،ﺐﻫﺬﻟﺎﺑ زّﺮﻄﳌايردأﻻ إاو” : ًﻼﺋﺎﻗ ﻪﺴﻠرﻮﻀﺤﻠﻟ ﺊﻣﻮﻳ ﻪﺘﻳأر .ىﻜﻟاتﺎﺒﺳﺎﻨﳌاﺲ َ ﺒﻠﺗﻞﺋﺎﺳر ﻲﻨﺘﻠﺻوﻰﺘﺣ،رﺎﺠﻳﺎﺑ مﻮﻴﻟانﻮﺸﻴﻌﻳ (تارﺎﻣاﺐﻌﺷﻦﻣ) صﺎﺨﺷأدﻮﺟﻮﺑنﻮﺸﻴﻌﻳ سﺎﻨﻟاﺾﻌﺑ .ﺔﻤﻴﳋاسأروﺔﻗرﺎﺸﻟاﻦﻣوﻲﺑدو،ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﻦﻣ ،ﻢﻬﻨﻣ“؟رﺎﺠﻳﺎﺑ ﺶﻴﻌﻳ ﺎ ً ﻨﻃاﻮﻣ عﺪﻳ نأﻢﻛﺎﳊ ﻖﺤﻳ ﻒﻴﻛ؟ﻚﻟذزﻮﺠﻳأ،رﺎﺠﻳﺎﺑدﺪﻋ ﺶﻴﻌﻳ ﻻ ذإ.ﺎ ً ﻣﺎﲤ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻳ ﻊﺿﻮﻟﺎﻓ ،مﻮﻴﻟاﺎﻣأ.
1998
مﺎﻌﻟاإﺔﻳﺎﻜﳊاهﺬﻫدﻮﻌﺗتﺎﻫﻮﻳدﻮﺘﺳاوﻖﻘﺷﻞﺑ ،ﺐﺴﺤﻓ رﺎﺠﻳﺎﺑ تﻮﻴﺑ ﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﲔﻨﻃاﻮﳌاﻦﻣ ﺒﻛتارﺎﻣاﺔﻟودﺔﺳﺎﺋر ﺐﺼﻨﻣ ﺪﻳاز ﺦﻴﺸﻟاﻮﺗ ىﺪﻟ ﻪﻧأﺖﻓﻼﻟاو.ﺔﻛرﺎﺸﳌﺎﺑوةﺮﺟﺄﺘﺴﻣكاﺬﻨﻴﺣنﺎﻜﺴﻟادﺪﻋ نﺎﻛ ،
1971
مﺎﻌﻟاﻤﺴﻳدﺎﻴ ً ﻤﺳر ةﺪﺤﺘﳌاﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟاﻦﻜﻤﳌاﻦﻣ نﺎﻛ،ﺖﻗﻮﻟاكاذدﻼﺒﻟادراﻮﻣ ﺔﻳدوﺪﻢﻏرو.
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ﺔﻤﺴﻧ
180,000
ﺎﻤﺟانﺎﻜﺴﻟادﺪﻋ زوﺎﲡ ﺪﻘﻓ ،مﻮﻴﻟاﺎﻣأ.نﺎﻜﺴﻟاﻦﻣ دﺪﻌﻟااﺬﻫنوﺆﺷةرادإ 
923,000
ﻪﻠﺻأﻦﻣ ﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﲔﻨﻃاﻮﳌادﺪﻋ زوﺎﺠﺘﻳ ﻻو
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ﺔﻤﺴﻧ ﲔﻳﻼﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻤﺜﻟامﺎﻗراهﺬﻬﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﳋاﻢﻬﺗﺎﻘﻠﺣنﻮﻜﻜﺸﻳ ﲔﻨﻃاﻮﳌاﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟاو.
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ﻨﻃاﻮﻣﲔﻨﻃاﻮﳌادﺪﻋ ﺪﻳاﺰﺗ مﻮﻴﻟاﻚﺷﻦﻣ ﺎﻣو.ﺔﻴﻤﺳﺮﻟاتاﺮﻳﺪﻘﺘﻟاﻦﻣ ﻞﻗأﺎﻬﻧأﻦﻳﺘﻌﻣنﻮﺸﻴﻌﻳ اﻮﻧﺎﻛﻲﺘﻟاﺔﻴﻔﻳﺮﻟاﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻧرﺎﻘﻣ ﺔﻳﺮﻀﺣﺔﺌﻴﺑ نﻮﺸﻴﻌﻳ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣانﻮﺸﻴﻌﻳ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاداﺪﻋأتوﺎﻔﺘﻟا،مﻼﻜﻟااﺬﻫﻰﻠﻋ لﺎﺜﻣ ﻛأو.ﺎ ً ﻘﺑﺎﺳﺎﻬﻴﻓﻲﺑدإﺎ ًّ ﻴﻣﻮﻳ نﻮﻠﻘﺘﻨﻳ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاوةﺠﻔﻟاوﺔﻤﻴﳋاسأرْﻲﺗرﺎﻣﺈﻛةوﺮﺛ ﻞﻗاتارﺎﻣا.ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأوﻦﻋ ا ًّﺪﺟةﺮّ ﺒﻌﻣ ًﺔّ ﺼﻗ ﺔﻳﺮﺸﺒﻟادراﻮﳌاﻢﺴﻘﻟ ﺮﻳﺪﻤﻛﻞﻤﻌﻳ ﻮﻫوءﺎﻗﺪﺻاﺪﺣأىورﺔﻔﻴﻇوإﺖﻣّﺪﻘﺗ ،ﺔﻳاوﺮﻟادﺮﺳبﺎﺑ ﻦﻣ “ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ” ﺎﻫﺎﻨﻴّ ﻤﺳ،ﺔﻌﻣﻻ ﺔﻴﺗارﺎﻣإةﺎﺘﻓ،ﺔﻠﺑﺎﻘﳌاﺪﻌﺑو.ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﺣﺔﺴﺳﺆﻣ ﻞﻤﻌﻠﻟ ﻲﺑدﻒﺋﺎﻇﻮﻟاضرﺎﻌﻣ ﺪﺣألﻼﺧ ّدﺮﻟانأﺎﻬﺑﺎﺟﺄﻓ ،ﺔﻔﻴﻇﻮﻟاﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﺼﺤﺘﺳﺖﻧﺎﻛاذإﺎﻤﻋ ﻲﻘﻳﺪﺻ ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﺖﻟﺄﺳﻊﻄﺘﺴﻳ نإﻪﻧﺄﺑ ﻲﻘﻳﺪﺻ تﺧأوﺔﻘﻠﻗ ةﺎﺘﻔﻟاتﺪﺑو.عﻮﺒﺳأنﻮﻀﻏ ﺎﻬﻐﻠﺒﻴﺳ،ﺎﻬﻟﻮﻗ ﺪﺣﻰﻠﻋ ،ﺐﺒﺴﻟاو.ﺎ ً ﻘﺣﻻّدﺮﻠﻟ ٍعادﻦﻣ ﺎﻤﻓ مﻮﻴﻟاﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻞﺒﻗ ﺔﺑﺎﺟإﺎﻫءﺎﻄﻋإهﺎﲡﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟاتارﺎﻣاﺪﻌﺑأىﺪﺣإﻦﻣ ﺎ ًّ ﻴﻣﻮﻳ ﻦﻠّ ﻘﻨﺘﻳ تﺎّ ﺑﺎﺷﺲﻤﺧﻦﻣ ةﺪﺣاوﺎﻬﻧأﻲﻨﻌﻳ ﺎﺘﻟﺎﺑو،ةﺪﻣ ﺬﻨﻣ ﺎﻬﺘﻔﻴﻇوتﺮﺴﺧ“ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ” نأﺔﺼﻘﻟاو.ﻞﻤﻌﻟاﻞﺟأﻦﻣ ﻲﺑدﻊﻣ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ كرﺎﺸﺘﺗ ﻲﺘﻟاﺔﻛﺸﳌاﻞﻘﻨﻟاةرﺎﻴﺳﺎﻫﺪﻌﻘﳌ ﺎﻬﺗرﺎﺴﺧﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣإﻚﻟذنإةرﺎﻴﺴﻟاﺎﻫﺪﻌﻘﻣ ﺎﻬﻣﺮﺤﻳ ﺪﻗ ﺎﳑ ،ﻦﻬﻠﻘﻨﺗ تﺎﻳﺮﺧأتﺎﻴﺗارﺎﻣإتﺎﻴﺘﻓ ﻊﺑرأ.ﻲﺑدﺔﻔﻴﻇودﺎﺠﻳإﺢﺠﻨﺗ
A riend, an HR manager, old me a revealing sory. A brigh Emiraigirl, whom we shall name Aisha, applied a one o he many job airsin Dubai o work or a governmen-owned esablishmen. Aer heinerview young Aisha asked my riend i she would be geing hejob. He old her ha she would be noified in a week’s ime. The girlseemed anxious and old he inerviewer ha i he could no give heran answer by he end o he day, he need no boher noiing hera all laer. Aisha explained ha she was one o five young girls whocommue daily o work rom one o he arher Norhern Emiraeso Dubai. Aisha, you see, had los her job and was very close olosing her carpool sea, he cos o which she shared wih he oherour Emirai girls. I seems ha here was anoher conender orhe sea and losing i would mean she could no ake a new job inDubai. Sories like ha (and here are many) do no fi well wih heflamboyan image o he Emirai naional and receive lile mediaaenion. The media preer, or insance, he launch o a brand newreal esae projec.Such sories also reveal he divide beween he age groups. Young UAEnaional girls are proporionally more educaed han young men buare sill confined o he cusoms and radiions o he counry. Seldomdo young girls share a fla apar rom heir amilies, as is he case wihyoung Emirai men.Abu Dhabi especially has become a magne or job seekers as iseconomy coninues o grow rapidly despie he recen global financial
.ﻲﺗارﺎﻣاﻦﻃاﻮﳌاﻦﻋ ﻢﺳﺮُ ﺗ ﻲﺘﻟاﺔﻗاﻟاةرﻮﺼﻟاومءﻼﺘﺗ ﻻ ﺪﻗ تﺎﻳﺎﻜﳊاهﺬﻫﻞﺜﻣوﻞﺋﺎﺳومﺎﻤﺘﻫﺎﺑ ﻰﻈﲢ ﻻ ﻲﺘﻟاوةﺜﻛ“ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ” ﺔﻳﺎﻜﳊ ﺔﻬﺑﺎﺸﳌاتﺎﻳﺎﻜﳊانأﺪﻴﺑهﺬﻫﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ لﺎﺜﳌاﻞﻴﺒﺳﻰﻠﻋ يرﺎﻘﻋ عوﺮﺸﻣ حﺎﺘﺘﻓاﻪﺑ ﻰﻈﺤﻳ ﺪﻗ ﺎﻣ رﺪﻘﺑ مﻼﻋا.ﻞﺋﺎﺳﻮﻟاتﺎﺑﺎﺸﻟاتﺎﻨﻃاﻮﳌﺎﻓ .ﺔﻳﺮﻤﻌﻟاتﺎﺌﻔﻟاﲔﺑ ﺎ ً ﺤﺿاوﺎﺧﺮﺷﺺﺼﻘﻟاهﺬﻫزُ ﺗ ﺎﻤﻛﺎﻫﺪﻴﻟﺎﻘﺗودﻼﺒﻟاتادﺎﻋّﻦﻜﻟ ،نﺎﺒﺸﻟاﲔﻨﻃاﻮﳌاإ ًﺔﺒﺴﻧ ﺎ ً ﻤّ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻛأّﻦﻫتﺎﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﺔﻛﺸﻣ ﺔﻘﺷﻦﺸﻌﻳ تﺎﻴﺗارﺎﻣإتﺎﺑﺎﺷفدﺎﺼﻧ ﺎﻣ ا ًردﺎﻨﻓ .ﺎﻫدﻮﻴﻘﺑّﻦﻬﻠّ ﺒﻜﺗبﺎﻄﻘﺘﺳاﺔﻄﻘﻧ صﺎﺧﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺖﺗﺎﺑ ﺪﻗو.ﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣانﺎﺒﺸﻟالﺎﺣﻲﻫﺎﻤﻛ.ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟاﺔﻴﻟﺎﳌاﺔﻣزاﻦﻣ ﻢﻏﺮﻟﺎﺑ عرﺎﺴﺘﳌاﺎﻫدﺎﺼﺘﻗاﻮﻤﻨﻟ ا ًﺮﻈﻧ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻦﻋ ﲔﺜﺣﺎﺒﻠﻟﻦﻣ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻪﺘﻠﻌﻓ ﺎﻣ راﺮﻏ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻠﺟﺆﺗ وأﺎﻬﺗاردﺎﺒﻣ ﻒﻗﻮﺗ ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺔﻣﻮﻜﳊﺎﻓﺎﳑ ،ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﻦﻜﺴﻟاﻰﻠﻋ ﺐﻠﻄﻟاﺔﺒﺴﻧ ﺖﻌﻔﺗراﺎﺘﻟﺎﺑو.ىﺮﺧاﺖﺴﻟاتارﺎﻣاةرﺎﻣإنﻮﺸﻴﻌﻳ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاﻦﻳﺪﻓاﻮﻟاوﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﻞﻘﻨﺗ ةﺮﻫﺎﻇراﺮﻜﺗ نﺎﻫذاإدﺎﻋأﻲﻘﻳﺪﺻُﺖﻌﻟﺎﻃو.تﺎﻴﻨﻴﻌﺴﺘﻟاوتﺎﻴﻨﻴﻧﺎﻤﺜﻟاﺖﻋﺎﺷﻲﺘﻟاوىﺮﺧأنﻮﻠﻤﻌﻳوﺔﻗرﺎﺸﻟا ﺖﺤﺿأذإ،ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺔﻗرﺎﺷ
2009
مﺎﻌﻟاﺖﻟﺎﺤﺘﺳاﻲﺑدنأﺣزﺎﳑ ﻪﺒﺷ.ﻴﺒﺴﻧ ﺎﻬﺗﻮﻴﺑ تارﺎﺠﻳإﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺖﻌﻔﺗراﻲﺘﻟاﻲﺑﺪﻟ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﻟاﻲﻨﻜﺴﻟاﻊﻗﻮﳌاﺾﻌﺒﻟاﺪﻨﻋﻲﺘﻟاةﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟاﻊﻳرﺎﺸﳌالﺎﻐﺷإﺔﻳراﺮﻤﺘﺳاﻦﻤﻀﻳ ﻮﻬﻓ ،ﺎ ًّ ﻴﺒﻠﺳرﻮﻄﺘﻟااﺬﻫﺲﻴﻟوتﺎﻛﺮﺸﻟاﺾﻌﺑ ﺖﻌﻓدﺔﺟردإا ًﺒﻛاﻮﳕ ةﺮﻫﺎﻈﻟاهﺬﻫتﺪﻬﺷﺪﻗو.ﻲﺑدﻰﻨﺒُ ﺗيرﺎﺠﺘﻟاﺔﻃﻮﻄﺑ ﻦﺑاﺰﻛﺮﻤﻛﺔﻓوﺮﻌﻣ ﻊﻤﲡ ﻦﻛﺎﻣأﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻴﻔﻇﻮﻣ ﻞﻘﻧ إﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأ.ﺔﻴﻨﻣز ﺔﻋﺎﺳﻞﺻﺎﻔﺑ ،ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأةرﺎﻣإ ﻢﻬﻠﻤﻋ ﺰﻛاﺮﻣ إتﻼﻓﺎﳊﺎﺑنﻮﻴﺗارﺎﻣﺎﻓ ؟اﺬﻫﻞﻛﻦﻣ ةﺪﺤﺘﳌاﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟاتارﺎﻣاﺔﻳﻮﻫﺢﻣﻼﻣ ﻲﻫﻦﻳأﻦﻜﻟو،ﺒﻠﻄﺗ ﻛأتﻻﺎ ﻞﻤﻌﻟاﻦﻣ مﻮﻴﻟانﻮﻌﻧﺎﳝ ﻻ ًءاﺮﺛّﻞﻗأتﺎﻴﻔﻠﺧﻦﻣ نورّﺪﺤﺘﳌاﻲﺘﻟاﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأ“تﻻﺎﺼﺗا” ﺔﻛﺮﺷ،ﻚﻟذﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻠﺜﻣاﻦﻣو.ىﺮﺧاتﺎّ ﻴﺴﻨﳉﺎﺑ ةﻮﺳأ.ﺔﻤﻴﳋاسأر ةرﺎﻣإﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻴﻔّ ﻇﻮﻣوﺎﻬﺗرادإﲔﻠﻣﺎﻌﻟاﻦﻣ ﻢﻈﻋاداﻮﺴﻟارّﺪﺤﺘﻳﻢﻫﺎﺳءﻻﺆﻫدﻮﺟون ،ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺳﲔﻌﺑ ةﺮﻫﺎﻈﻟاهﺬﻫإﺮﻈﻨﻟاﻲﻐﺒﻨﻳ ﻻ ،ىﺮﺧأةﺮﻣ
ﻰﻠﻋ دﺮﻟا ﻢﻠﺴﺘﻳ نﺎﻴﻬﻧ لآ نﺎﻄﻠﺳ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻳاز ﺦﻴﺸﻟا ﻪﻟ رﻮﻔﻐﳌاﻲﻌﻳﺮﺸﺘﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا ﻦﻣ لوا يدﺎﻌﻟا دﺎﻘﻌﻧﻻا روﺪﻟ حﺎﺘﺘﻓﻻا بﺎﻄﺧرﻮﺘﺒﳊا ﺔﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﺪﻤ ةدﺎﻌﺳ ﻦﻣ ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﳊا
Lae Sheikh Zayed Bin Sulan Al Nahyan, receives he responseor he decree in respec o calling he Federal Naional Councilo convene or he 1s erm o he 11h Legislaive Chaper romH.E. Mohammed Khalia Al Haboor
4746
Abu Dhabi especially has become a magnet or jobseekers as its economy continues to grow rapidlydespite the recent global financial crisis
بﺎﻄﻘﺘﺳا ﺔﻄﻘﻧ صﺎﺧ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻲﺒﻇ ﻮﺑأ ﺖﺗﺎﺑعرﺎﺴﺘﳌا ﺎﻫدﺎﺼﺘﻗا ﻮﻤﻨﻟ ا ًﺮﻈﻧ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻦﻋ ﲔﺜﺣﺎﺒﻠﻟﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟا ﺔﻴﻟﺎﳌا ﺔﻣزا ﻦﻣ ﻢﻏﺮﻟﺎﺑ
 
crisis. New projecs, mos o hem governmen-led, were no posponedor erminaed as was he case in some o he oher six emiraes. So highhas been he demand or accommodaion in Abu Dhabi ha he 1980’sand 90’s phenomenon o Emirais and expas living in one emirae andworking in anoher has been replicaed in he capial. I hal jokingly oldmy riends ha in 2009 Dubai had become Abu Dhabi’s Sharjah, helaer being seen by some as an alernaive accommodaion locaiono Dubai’s relaively more expensive homes. This is no a negaivedevelopmen since i ensures ha he numerous projecs ha areconsruced in Dubai remain occupied. The phenomenon has grown somuch recenly ha some Abu Dhabi firms have arranged o pick up heirsaf rom places like Ibn Baua mall in Dubai and bus hem o work inAbu Dhabi, which is abou an hour’s drive away.Bu where does he UAE idenit figure in all his? Emirais roma less wealhy background are, like any oher naionalit, morewilling o work in demanding jobs han are heir more prosperousellow ciizens. For example, Eisala in Abu Dhabi is largely run andsafed by Emirais rom Ras Al Khaimah. Tha should no be seen asa negaive phenomenon since heir presence has conribued o ademographic balance beween expas and naionals in Abu Dhabi. Inac, many Emirais who radiionally came rom he norhern less-wealhy emiraes and regions have chosen o relocae permanenlyo Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and even Sharjah. Commuing ime is an issuesince, or example, a shor drive o fieen kilomeres rom Sharjah oDubai can ake up o one hour and ort-five minues
5
. Movemen ohe urban areas has drasically afeced he locus o Emirai idenit inhe counry. Today, much o he radiional culure o he UAE is beerpreserved in he rural areas o he counry while he naion’s rapidurbanisaion is creaing realiies on he ground ha are oo as orus o deal wih. For insance, he younger generaions o he Shehhiribe o Ras Al Khaimah, a proud and gracious people, sared movingo Abu Dhabi hree decades ago or work. Their language, a mixureo Arabian Gul coasal dialec and classical Arabic, is seldom beingransmied o heir children and is a risk o disappearing alogeherwhen he older generaion passes on. Bu in non-urban ciies wiha slower pace o lie poery is recied in majlises and women andmen learn radiional handicras and he way o cook local dishes.Many o hose radiions are now disappearing because o he rapidurbanisaion o culure. Many majlises have been exchanged wih heimpored culure o cofee houses ha serve obacco called sheeshaor hubbly-bubbly. Some say i is oo benign a name or a carcinogenicimpor ha is harming no jus Emirai healh bu also our Emiraiculure. In suburban seings, on he oher hand, many young Emiraislearn how o keep birds o prey, ideni he fish ha swim in heArabian Gul, and disinguish among various tpes o daes. UrbanEmirais, hose hirt and under, are oen loahe o be associaed wihsuch non-essenial aspecs o 21s-cenury lie.O all seven emiraes i is Abu Dhabi, by ar he mos auen, ha willprobably be he bigges beneacor or vicim, depending on which wayyou see i, o a huge populaion increase ha is projeced o ake hecit’s populaion o 3.1 million by 2030 rom he presen one million
6
.And like he more urban emiraes o Dubai and Sharjah, Emirai culurewill probably be a major casualt o his exponenial jump. Wha is heUAE capial doing o comba such serious erosion? Quie a bi in ac,and is sraegy seems o be novel and pre-empive.
ﺪﻗو.ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأةرﺎﻣإﲔﻨﻃاﻮﳌاوﺔﻬﺟﻦﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﻓاﻮﻟاﲔﺑ ﺎﻜﺳنزاﻮﺗ ﻖﻴﻘﲢﺔﻓﺎﺴﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻛأﺎﻤﻫﺪﻋﺎﺒﺗ ﻻ ﻲﺘﻟاو،ﻲﺑدإﺔﻗرﺎﺸﻟاﻦﻣ ﻂﻴﺴﺑ لﺎﻘﺘﻧاقﺮﻐﺘﺴﻳﻪﺒّ ﻠﻄﺘﻳ ﺎﳌ ا ًﺮﻈﻧو،اﺬﻟ .لﺎﺜﳌاﻞﻴﺒﺳﻰﻠﻋ
(
5
)
ﺔﻘﻴﻗد
45
وﺔﻋﺎﺴﻟااﻮﺣ،ا ًﻣﻮﻠﻴﻛ
15
ﻖﻃﺎﻨﳌاﻦﻣ موﺪﻘﻟااودﺎﺘﻋاﻦﻳﺬﻟاﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﻦﻣ نوﺜﻜﻟارﺮﻗ ،ﺖﻗوﻦﻣ لﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻاﺖﻛﺮﺗ ﺪﻗو.ﺔﻗرﺎﺸﻟاﻰﺘﺣوﻲﺑدوﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺶﻴﻌﻠﻟ لﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻاﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟاتارﺎﻣاوﺎﻣ مﻮﻴﻟاو.دﻼﺒﻟاﺔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﺔﻳﻮﻬﻟاﺢﻣﻼﻣ ﻞّ ﻜﺸﺗ ﺎ ً ﻘﻴﻤﻋ ا ًﺮﺛأةﺮﻫﺎﻈﻟاهﺬﻫ،ﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟاتارﺎﻣاﺔﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻀﻓأﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻆﻓﺎﲢ دﻼﺒﻟاﺔﻴﻔﻳﺮﻟاﻖﻃﺎﻨﳌاﺖﻟازﺎﻨﻴﻠﻋ ﺐﻌﺼﻳ ضراﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﺋﺎﻗوءﻮﺸﻧ إﺮﻀﺤﺘﻟاﻒﻠﺧﻊﻳﺮﺴﻟاﺎﻬﻗﺎﻴﺴﻧايدﺆﻳ ﺎﻤﻴﻓﻦﻣ ةﺪﻳﺪﳉالﺎﻴﺟاتأﺪﺑ ،دﻮﻘﻋ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺬﻨﻤﻓ .ﺔﻌﻳﺮﺴﻟاﺎﻬﺗﺗﻮﻟ ا ًﺮﻈﻧ ﺎﻬﻌﻣ ﻲﻃﺎﻌﺘﻟالﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺎﺑ ،ﺲﻔﻧ ﺔﺣﺎﻤﺳوةّﺰﻋ ووذٌمﻮﻗ ﻢﻫو، ﺔﻤﻴﳋاسأر “ﻲّ ﺤﺸﻟا” ﺔﻠﻴﺒﻗﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟاﺔﺠﻬﻠﻟاﲔﺑ ﺎ ً ﺠﻳﺰﻣ ﻞﻜﺸﺗ ﻲﺘﻟاﻢﻬﺘﻐﻟ نأﺪﻴﺑ .ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻞﻤﻌﻠﻟ ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأإﺔﺿﺮﻋ ﻲﻫو،ﻢﻫدﻻوأﻞﻴﺟإﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﺎﻣ ا ًردﺎﻧ ﻰﺤﺼﻔﻟاﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟاوﺔّ ﻴﻠﺣﺎﺴﻟاﺔﻴﺠﻴﻠﳋانﺪﳌاةﺎﻴﺣةﺗوﺖ َ ﻤﺴﺗاﺎﻤﻛ.ﻨﺳﻛاﻞﻴﳉالاوز ﺪﻌﺑ ﺎﻬﺘّ ﻣﺮﺑ ضاﺮﻘﻧﻻاﺮﻄﳋءﺎﺴﻨﻟاولﺎﺟﺮﻟاﻢﻠﻌﺘﻳوﺲﻟﺎاﺮﻌﺸﻟاﻰﻠﺘُ ﻳ نﺎﻜﻓ ،ءﻂﺒﻟﺎﺑ ةﺮﻀﺤﺘﳌاﻏتادﺎﻌﻟاهﺬﻫﻦﻣ ﺜﻜﻓ ،مﻮﻴﻟاﺎﻣأ.ﺔﻴّ ﻠﶈاقﺎﺒﻃاﻮﻬﻃﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛوﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟافﺮﳊاﻮﻫﺎﻫو،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟاﺖﺣﺎﺘﺟاﻲﺘﻟاﺔﻌﻳﺮﺴﻟاﺮﻀﺤّ ﺘﻟاﺔﻛﺮﺣﺐﺒﺴﺑ لاوﺰﻟاإﻪﻘﻳﺮﻃﺔﺸﻴﺸﻟامّﺪﻘﺗ ﻲﺘﻟاةدرﻮﺘﺴﳌاﻲﻫﺎﻘﳌاﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﺑ ل َﺪﺒ َ ﺘﺴُ ﻳ ﺲﻟﺎاﻦﻣ ﺒﻛدﺪﻋاﺬﻫﻞﺜﻣ قﻼﻃإ نأﺾﻌﺒﻟاىﺮﻳو.ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﻜﻧاﺔﻐﻠﻟﺎﺑ
hubbly- bubbly
 ِــﺑ فﺮﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ وأةرﻮﻄﺧﺪﺑأﺲﻜﻌﻳ ﻻ ،ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻃﺮﺴﻟاضاﺮﻣاﺐﺒﺴﻳ درﻮﺘﺴﻣ ﺞﺘﻨﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻖّ ﻤﻨﳌاﻢﺳﻻاو.دﻼﺒﻟاﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﺑوﻞﺑ ،ﺐﺴﺤﻓ ﺔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﺔﺤﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻳذاﻖﺤﻠﻳ ﻻ يﺬﻟا ﺞﺘﻨﳌااﺬﻫﲔﻴﺗارﺎﻣابﺎﺒﺸﻟاﻦﻣ ﺜﻜﻟاﻢّ ﻠﻌﺘﻳ ،نﺪﳌاﻦﻋ ةﺪﻴﻌﺒﻟاﺔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﻖﻃﺎﻨﳌاﺾﻌﺑعاﻮﻧأوﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟاﺞﻴﻠﳋاةدﻮﺟﻮﳌاﻚﻤﺴﻟاعاﻮﻧأإفّﺮﻌﺘﻟاو،ﺔﺣرﺎﳉارﻮﻴﻄﻟاﺔﻴﺑﺮﺗ،نودﺎﻣوﲔﺛﻼﺜﻟاﻦﺳنﻮﻳﺮﻀﳊانﻮﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﻪﻴﻓ ﻒﻜﻨﺘﺴﻳ ﺖﻗو،ﺮﻤﺘﻟاوﺢﻠﺒﻟاﺪﺣاﻮﻟانﺮﻘﻟاةﺎﻴﳊ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟﺎﺑ ﻢﻬﻳأﺮﺑ ﺔﻳروﺮﻀﻟاﻏ ﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟاﻪﺟواهﺬﻬﺑ طﺎﺒﺗرﻻا.ﻦﻳﺮﺸﻌﻟاوﻛاةرﺎﻣاّﻚﺷﻰﻧدأنودﻦﻣ ﻲﻫﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأنﺈﻓ ،ﺎﻬﻌﻴﻤﺟﻊﺒﺴﻟاتارﺎﻣاﲔﺑ ﻦﻣوةﺮﻈﻧ ﺐﺴﺤﺑ ،ﻛاﺔﻴﺤﻀﻟاوألواﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﳌانﻮﻜﺗ نأﻦﻜﳝ ﻲﺘﻟاوﺎ ً ﺑﺎﻄﻘﺘﺳانﺎﻜﺴﻟادﺪﻋ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﻳ نأﻊّ ﻗﻮﺘﳌاﻦﻣ ﻪﻧإذإ.نﺎﻜﺴﻟادﺪﻋ ٍعﺎﻔﺗراﺚﻴﺣﻦﻣ ،ﺮﻣﻟ ءﺮﳌاراﺮﻏ ﻰﻠﻋو.
2030
مﺎﻌﻟالﻮﻠﺤﺑ ﺔﻤﺴﻧ نﻮﻴﻠﻣ
3
،
1
إﻞﺼﻴﻟ ﺎ ًّ ﻴﻟﺎﺣ
(
6
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ﺔﻤﺴﻧ نﻮﻴﻠﻣ ﻦﻣﺔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟاﺮﺛﺄﺘﺗ فﻮﺴﻓ ،ﺮّ ﻀﲢ ﻛاﺔﻗرﺎﺸﻟاوﻲﺑدْﻲ َ ﺗارﺎﻣإﻞﺼﺣ ﺎﻣﺔﺑرﺎﶈ ﺔﻤﺻﺎﻌﻟاﺎﻬﻟﺬﺒﺗ ﻲﺘﻟادﻮﻬﳉاﻲﻫﺎﻤﻓ .ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻨﻟاةﺰﻔﻘﻟاهﺬﻬﺑ ﻐﻴﻠﺑ ﺮﺛﺄﺗﺔﻴﺠﻴﺗاﺳانأوﺪﺒﻳو،ﻊﻗاﻮﻟاﺎﻬﺑ سﺄﺑ ﻻٌدﻮﻬﺟ؟هﺬﻫةﻄﳋاﻞﻛﺂﺘﻟاةﺮﻫﺎﻇ.ﺔﻗﺎﺒﺳوةﺪﻳﺪﺟﺔﻌﺒّ ﺘﳌا
ﻮﻜﺴﻧﻮﻴﻟا فاﻋا ةﺮﻜﻓ ﻲﺗارﺎﻣا ﺪﻓﻮﻟا ﻢﻋدةﺪﺤﺘﳌا ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا تارﺎﻣا تﺎﺼﻗر ﺢ ّ ﺷرو ،ةرﺎﻘﺼﻟﺎﺑﺔﺌﻴﻬﻟا فاﻋﻻ “ﺔﻠﻫا ﻦﻓ”و “ﺔﻟﺎﻴﻌﻟﺎﻛ” ﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟاﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﻴﻟوﺪﻟا
The UAE delegation supported the recognitiono alconry by UNESCO and nominated the UAEtraditional dances o Al Ayala and Al Ahaala orrecognition by the international body
Firs, here is he Sheikh Zayed Naional Museum ha is beingdesigned by he Prizker Archiecure Prize winner, Lord NormanFoser and his firm Foser + Parners Ld. The museum, o be locaedin he Culural Disric o Saadiya Island jus 500 meres ofshore romhe capial cit island o Abu Dhabi, will be dedicaed no only o hecounry’s ounder, is namesake, bu also o various aspecs o Emiraiculure such as deser lie and cusoms.Second, Abu Dhabi esablished a Naional Cener or Documenaionand Research wih he dut o spread awareness o he hisory ohe UAE, conduc school visis and lecures, and saeguard hisoricaldocumens. Such a cener “inspires parioism, as archives preservehe memories and hisorical regiser o he naion” according o iswebsie
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.Third, Abu Dhabi is also aggressively supporing he Poe o Millionscompeiion in which nabai or radiional Arabian Peninsular dialecis he icke o large moneary rewards. In ac, his popular andsuccessul show is so noable ha i recenly made he ron page oThe New York Times newspaper
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.Fourh, Abu Dhabi made sure ha i does no sell land o non-Gulnaionals. Alhough i is no cerain ha his policy will persis in heuure, i has aced o saeguard any erresrial claims ha expas mayhave in he emirae. Raher han selling propert and land ourigh,as is he case in Dubai, Ajman, Um Al Qaiwain, and Ras Al Khaimah(Sharjah and Fujairah are he wo mos sric emiraes wih regard opropert sales), Abu Dhabi auhorizes a 99-year lease or non-GCCciizens.Fih, in 2001 Abu Dhabi launched he Emiraes Film Compeiionunder he umbrella o he Abu Dhabi Auhorit or Culure andHeriage (ADACH). To he poin o Emirai culure, condiion numberwent saes ha “works may be submied o he compeiion on hecondiion ha hey respec he aims o he compeiion; specifically,films mus deal wih Culure or U.A.E. Heriage
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.”Addiionally, in Sepember 2009 Abu Dhabi hosed a meeing oUNESCO’s Inergovernmenal Commiee or he Saeguarding ohe Inangible Culural Heriage “o discuss world culural radiionsha ace an immediae risk o being wiped ou.” The UAE delegaion
“ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟاﺔﻘﻄﻨﳌا” ﻦﻤﺿ هﺪﻴﻴﺸﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ يﺬﻟاوﻲﻨﻃﻮﻟاﺪﻳاز ﺦﻴﺸﻟاﻒﺤﺘﲟ ًﻻوأأﺪﺒﻧيﺬﻟاو،ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺔﻤﺻﺎﻌﻟاﺊﻃاﻮﺷﺔﻟﺎﺒﻗ ﻣ
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ﺪﻌﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ “تﺎﻳﺪﻌﺴﻟاةﺮﻳﺰﺟ” ﺐﺘﻜﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺳﻮﻓ نﺎﻣرﻮﻧ ﺴﻟاﻬﺸﻟاﺎﻄﻳﻟايرﺎﻤﻌﳌاﻪﻤﻴﻣﺎﺼﺗ ﻊﺿواﺬﻫﺺﺼﺨﻳ ﻦﻟو.يرﺎﻤﻌﳌاﻢﻴﻤﺼﺘﻠﻟ “ﺮﻛﺰﺘﻳﺮﺑ” ةﺰﺋﺎﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺰﺋﺎﳊاهؤﺎﻛﺮﺷوﺳرﻮﻓتازﺎﳒإوﺔﻳؤروىﺮﻛذﺪﻴﻠﺨﺘﻟ -هاﺮﺛ اﺐﻴﻃ
ﺪﻳاز ﺦﻴﺸﻟاﻢﺳاﻞﻤﺤﻳ يﺬﻟاﻒﺤﺘﳌاﺔﻴﺗارﺎﻣاﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟاﻦﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﻪﺟوأرﺎﻬﻇ ﻀﻳأوﻞﺑ ،ﺐﺴﺤﻓ تارﺎﻣاﺔﻟودﺎﺑ. ًﻼﺜﻣ تادﺎﻌﻟاوءاﺮﺤﺼﻟاةﺎﻴﺤﻛﺮﺸﻨﺑ ﻰﻨﻌﻳ يﺬﻟاثﻮﺤﺒﻟاوﻖﺋﺎﺛﻮﻠﻟ ﻲﻨﻃﻮﻟاﺰﻛﺮﳌاﺲﻴﺳﺄﺘﺑ ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺖﻣﺎﻗ ،ﺎ ً ﻴﻧﺎﺛﺔﻴﺨﻳرﺎﺘﻟاﻖﺋﺎﺛﻮﻟاﻆﻔﺣإﺔﻓﺎﺿﺎﺑ ،ةﺪﺤﺘﳌاﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟاتارﺎﻣاﺔﻟودﺦﻳرﺎﺗ لﻮﺣﻲﻋﻮﻟا،
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وﻜﻟاﻒﺤﺘﳌاﻊﻗﻮﳌ ﺎ ً ﻘﻓوو.تاﺮﺿﺎﶈاوﺔﻴﺳرﺪﳌاتارﺎﻳﺰﻟاﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗو،ﻦﻃﻮﻟاةﺮﻛاذﻒﻴﺷرارﺎﺒﺘﻋﺎﺑ ،ﻲﻨﻃﻮﻟاءﺎﻤﺘﻧﻻاﺰﻳﺰﻌﺗ” ﺰﻛﺮﳌااﺬﻫﻢﻫﺎﺴﻳﻻ ﻤﻋدﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺎﻬﻤﻋﺪﺗ ﻲﺘﻟاو “نﻮﻴﻠﳌاﺮﻋﺎﺷ” ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﻣ ،ﺎ ً ﺜﻟﺎﺛو.“ﻲﺨﻳرﺎﺘﻟاﻪﻠﺠﺳوﺮﺸﺘﻨﳌايﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟاﻂﺒﻨﻟامﻼﻛﻦﻣ ﻒﻟﺆﳌا) ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻲﻄﺒﻨﻟاﺮﻌﺸﻟاﻞﻜﺸﻳ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺑ ،ﻒﺻﻮﻳﺞﻣﺎﻧﻟااﺬﻫﻰﻗﻻ ﺪﻗو.ﺔﻤّ ﻴﻗ ﺔﻳﺪﻘﻧ ﺰﺋاﻮﺟﻮﺤﻧ رﻮﺒﻋ ﺔﻗﺎﻄﺑ (ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟاةﺮﻳﺰﳉاﻪﺒﺷ
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.“ﺰﳝﺎﺗكرﻮﻳﻮﻴﻨﻟا”ﺔﻔﻴﺤﺻواﺔﺤﻔﺼﻟاّﻞﺘﺤﻳﻪﻠﻌﺟﺎﻣا ًﺒﻛﺎ ً ﺣﺎﳒﻖﻘﺣوﺎ ً ﺟاورﻦﻣ ﻢﻏﺮﻟﺎﺑو.ﺞﻴﻠﳋالودﻲﻨﻃاﻮﻣ ﻐﻟ ﻲﺿاراﻊﻴﺑ مﺪﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺖﺻﺮﺣ،ﺎ ً ﻌﺑارﺖﺻﺮﺣﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأّنأﻻإ،ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﳌاﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟاهﺬﻫﺔﻳراﺮﻤﺘﺳااﺪﻛﺆﻣ ﺲﻴﻟ ﻪﻧأإءﻮﺠﻠﻟاﻦﻣ ًﻻﺪﺒﻓ .ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ لﻮﺼﳊﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺪﻓاﻮﻟاﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻲﺿاراﺔﻳﺎﻤﺣﻰﻠﻋﻦﻳﻮﻴﻘﻟامأونﺎﻤﺠﻋوﻲﺑدﻪﺑ ﻞﻤﻌﻟاﻢﺘﻳ يﺬﻟاﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ كﻼﻣاوﻲﺿاراﻊﻴﺑﻊﻴﺑ لﺎدﺪﺸﺗ ﻛانﺎﺗرﺎﻣاﺎﻤﻬﻓ ةﺠﻔﻟاوﺔﻗرﺎﺸﻟااﺪﻋ) ﺔﻤﻴﳋاسأروﲔﻤﺘﻨﳌاﻏ ﲔﻨﻃاﻮﻤﻠﻟ ﺎ ً ﻣﺎﻋ
99
ةّﺪﳌ ﺟﺄﺘﻟاﺔﺳﺎﻴﺳﺔﻤﺻﺎﻌﻟاﻖﺒﻄﺗ ،(تارﺎﻘﻌﻟا.ﻲﺠﻴﻠﳋانوﺎﻌﺘﻟاﺲﻠلودإﺔﺌﻴﻫﺔﻳﺎﻋﺮﺑ “تارﺎﻣاﻦﻣ مﻼﻓأ” ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﻣ ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأﺖﻘﻠﻃأ،
2001
مﺎﻌﻟا،ﺎ ً ﺴﻣﺎﺧﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﳌاﺪﻋاﻮﻗوطوﺮﺷﻦﻣ ﻦﻳﺮﺸﻌﻟاﺪﻨﺒﻟانأ-ﺖﻔﻠﳌاو.ثاﻟاوﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻠﻟ ﻲﺒﻇﻮﺑأفاﺪﻫأمﲢ نأطﺮﺸﺑ ﺔﺴﻓﺎﻨﳌاﺔﻛرﺎﺸﻤﻠﻟ مﻼﻓاﱘﺪﻘﺗ زﻮﺠﻳ” :ﻪﻧأﻰﻠﻋ ﺺﻨﻳتارﺎﻣاثاﺮﺗ وأﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟاﻊﻴﺿاﻮﻣ مﻼﻓالوﺎﻨﺘﺗ نأﺐﺠﻳ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﺔﻔﺼﺑو،ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﳌا
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“.ةﺪﺤﺘﳌاﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا
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