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planegeo

planegeo

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Published by Bikramaditya Datta
Translation of a famous Russian Geometry textbook
Translation of a famous Russian Geometry textbook

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Published by: Bikramaditya Datta on Oct 12, 2011
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10/12/2011

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PROBLEMS IN PLANE AND SOLIDGEOMETRYv.1 Plane Geometry
Viktor Prasolovtranslated and edited by Dimitry Leites
 
Abstract.
This book has no equal. The priceless treasures of elementary geometry arenowhere else exposed in so complete and at the same time transparent form. The shortsolutions take barely 1
.
5
2 times more space than the formulations, while still remaining
complete
, with no gaps whatsoever, although many of the problems are quite difficult. Onlythis enabled the author to squeeze about 2000 problems on plane geometry in the book of volume of ca 600 pages thus embracing practically all the known problems and theorems of elementary geometry.The book contains non-standard geometric problems of a level higher than that of theproblems usually offered at high school. The collection consists of two parts. It is based onthree Russian editions of Prasolov’s books on plane geometry.The text is considerably modified for the English edition. Many new problems are addedand detailed structuring in accordance with the methods of solution is adopted.The book is addressed to high school students, teachers of mathematics, mathematicalclubs, and college students.
 
Contents
Editors preface 11From the Authors preface 12Chapter 1. SIMILAR TRIANGLES 15Background 15Introductory problems 15
§
1. Line segments intercepted by parallel lines 15
§
2. The ratio of sides of similar triangles 17
§
3. The ratio of the areas of similar triangles 18
§
4. Auxiliary equal triangles 18* * * 19
§
5. The triangle determined by the bases of the heights 19
§
6. Similar gures 20Problems for independent study 20Solutions 21CHAPTER 2. INSCRIBED ANGLES 33Background 33Introductory problems 33
§
1. Angles that subtend equal arcs 34
§
2. The value of an angle between two chords 35
§
3. The angle between a tangent and a chord 35
§
4. Relations between the values of an angle and the lengths of the arc and chordassociated with the angle 36
§
5. Four points on one circle 36
§
6. The inscribed angle and similar triangles 37
§
7. The bisector divides an arc in halves 38
§
8. An inscribed quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals 39
§
9. Three circumscribed circles intersect at one point 39
§
10. Michels point 40
§
11. Miscellaneous problems 40Problems for independent study 41Solutions 41CHAPTER 3. CIRCLES 57Background 57Introductory problems 58
§
1. The tangents to circles 58
§
2. The product of the lengths of a chords segments 59
§
3. Tangent circles 59
§
4. Three circles of the same radius 60
§
5. Two tangents drawn from one point 61
3

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