Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
16Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
[Frenzel] Electronics Communications

[Frenzel] Electronics Communications

Ratings: (0)|Views: 4,757|Likes:
Electronics Communications Reviewer
Electronics Communications Reviewer

More info:

Published by: Aio Castillo Tañega on Oct 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/15/2013

pdf

text

original

 
COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRONICS
by FrenzelCHAPTER 1:
Introduction to Electronic Communications
CHAPTER 2:
Amplitude Modulation and Single-Sideband Modulation
CHAPTER 3:
Amplitude Modulation Circuits
CHAPTER 4:
Frequency Modulation
CHAPTER 5:
Frequency Modulation Circuits
CHAPTER 6:
Radio Transmitters
CHAPTER 7:
Communications Receivers
CHAPTER 8:
Multiplexing
CHAPTER 9:
Antennas and Transmission Lines
CHAPTER 10:
Microwave Techniques
CHAPTER 11:
Introduction to Satellite Communications
CHAPTER 12:
Data Communications
CHAPTER 13:
Fiber-Optics Communications
CHAPTER 14:
Modern Communications Applications
CHAPTER 1
Introduction to Electronic Communications
1.
 The three major fields of electronics are computers, communications, and control. The computersegment is the largest; communications is the second largest.
2.
Communication is the process of exchanging information.
3.
Most human communication is oral, but a great deal of it is also in written or printed form.
4.
 The two main barriers to communication are language and distance.
5.
Major electrical discoveries in the mid- and late nineteenth century made possible the development of electronic communications over long distances.
6.
 The telegraph (1844) and telephone (1876) were the first two long-distance communications systems.
7.
Radio was discovered in 1887, and wireless telegraphy was demonstrated in 1895.
8.
Electronic communications plays a vital role in all our lives and is essential to the success of ourinformation society.
9.
 The major elements of a communications system are a transmitter to send a message, acommunications medium, a receiver to pick up the message, and noise.
10.
 The three primary communications media are wires, free space, and fiber-optic cable.
11.
Radio waves are signals made up of electric and magnetic fields that propagate over long distances.
12.
Noise is any interference that disturbs the legible transmission of a signal. Noise is produced by theatmosphere, heavenly bodies, manufactured electrical equipment, and thermal agitation in electroniccomponents.
13.
 The transmission medium greatly attenuates and degrades the transmitted signal.
14.
Electronic communications may be either one-way or two-way. One-way transmission is called simplexor broadcasting.
15.
 Two-way communication is called duplex. In half-duplex communications, only one of the two partiescan transmit at a time. In full duplex, both parties may transmit and receive simultaneously.
16.
Information signals may be either analog or digital. Analog signals are smooth, continuous voltagevariations such as voice or video. Digital signals are binary pulses or codes.
17.
 The information signal, called the base band signal, is often transmitted directly over thecommunications medium.
18.
In most communications systems, the base band signal is used to modulate a higher-frequency carriersignal than is transmitted by radio.
19.
Modulation is the process of having an information signal modifies a carrier signal in someway.Common examples are AM and FM.
20.
 The base band signal cannot usually be transmitted through space by radio because the antennasrequired are too long and because multiple base band signals transmitting simultaneously wouldinterfere with one another.
21.
Multiplexing is the process of transmitting two or more signals simultaneously over the same channelor medium.
 
22.
Besides TV, there are several other methods of transmitting visual or graphical information; they arefacsimile, videotex, teletext.
23.
Simplex transmission of special signals from land-based or satellite stations is used by ship andairplanes for navigation.
24.
 Telemetry is measurement at a distance. Sensors convert physical characteristics to electric signalswhich modulate a carrier transmitted to a remote location.
25.
Radio astronomy supplements optical astronomy by permitting the location and mapping of stars bythe radio waves they emit.
26.
Radar uses the 'reflection of radio waves from remote objects for the detection of their presence,direction, and speed,
27.
Underwater radar is called active sonar. Passive sonar is simply listening underwater for the detectionof objects of interest.
28.
 Two forms of personal communications services are CB radio and Amateur "ham" radio, which are atechnical hobby as well as a communications service.
29.
Data communications is the transmission of computer and other digital data via the telephone system,microwave links or satellite.
30.
Devices called modems permit digital data to be transmitted over the analog telephone networks.
31.
Interconnections of PCs for the exchange of information are called local area networks.
32.
 The electromagnetic spectrum is that range of frequencies from approximately 30 Hz to visible lightover which electronic communications takes place.
33.
 The greatest portion of the spectrum covers radio waves, which are oscillating electric and magneticfields that radiate for long distances.
34.
Wavelength () is the distance (in meters) between corresponding points on successive cycles of aperiodic wave: A= 3OO/f (f is in megahertz). It is also the distance that an electromagnetic wavetravels in the time it takes for one cycle of oscillation.
35.
 The range of human hearing is approximately 20 to 20,000 Hz. The voice frequency range is 300 to3000 Hz.
36.
Amplitude-modulated broadcasting occurs in the MF range from 300 kHz to 3 MHz.
37.
 The high-frequency range (3 to 30 MHz), or shortwave, is used for world Wide two way communicationsand broadcasting.
38.
 Television broadcasting occurs in the VHF and UHF ranges.
39.
Frequencies above 1 GHz are called microwaves.
40.
 The SHF and EHF bands are used primarily for satellite communications and radar.
41.
 Those frequencies directly above 300 GHz are called millimeter waves.
42.
Electromagnetic signals produced primarily by heat sources are called infrared. They cover the 0.7- to100 m range.
43.
A micron is one millionth of a meter.
44.
Visible light occupies the region above infrared. Its wavelength is 4000 to 8000 Ǻ.
45.
An angstrom is one ten-thousandth of a micron.
46.
Bandwidth is the spectrum space occupied by a signal, the frequency range of a transmitted signal, orthe range of frequencies accepted by a receiver. It is the difference between the upper and lowerfrequencies of the range in question.
47.
 There is more spectrum space available at the higher frequencies. For a given bandwidth signal, morechannels can be accommodated at the higher frequencies.
48.
Spectrum space is a precious natural resource.
49.
In the United States, the FCC regulates the use of the spectrum and most forms of electroniccommunications according to the Communications Act of 1934.
50.
Most countries belong to the ITU, an organization devoted to worldwide cooperation and negotiation onspectrum usage.
51.
 The NTIA coordinates government and military communications in the United States.SELF-TESTSupply the missing word(s) in each statement.Choose the letter that best answers each question.
1.
 The three major fields of electronics are _____. The largest is the _____field.
2.
Communication is defined as the process of _____.
3.
Most human communication is _____ even though there is a glut of _____ communication.
4.
 Two major barriers to human communication are _____.
5.
Electronic communications came into being in the _____.
6.
 The three main elements of any communications system are _____.
 
7.
 The three major types of communications paths are_____.
8.
 The _____ converts the message into a form compatible with the selected medium.
9.
 The _____ converts the message from the medium into a form understandable by a human.
10.
Undesirable interference in communications _____ is which is added to the signal in the _____.
11.
 The communications media greatly _____ and the information _____ signal.
12.
 Three common sources of interference are _____.
13.
One-way communications is called_____. An example is _____.
14.
Simultaneous two-way communications is called _____. An example is _____.
15.
 Two-way communications where each parry takes turns transmitting is referred to as_____.
16.
Voice and video signals are continuous _____ voltages.
17.
On/off or coded signals are referred to _____ as signals.
18.
Voice and video signals may be transmitted digitally if they are first passed through a(n) _____.
19.
An original voice, video, or data voltage is called the _____ signal.
20.
 To make the transmitted signal compatible with the medium, the process of _____ must be used wherethe _____ signal is impressed upon a higher-frequency signal called the_____.
21.
Recovering the originally transmitted signal is called_____.
22.
 The process of transmitting two or more baseband signals simultaneously over a common medium iscalled _____.
23.
 Two methods of transmitting visual data over the telephone network are_____.
24.
A common household remote-control unit is the_____.
25.
 The signaling of individuals at remote locations is called _____.
26.
Performing, recording, and analyzing measurements at a distance is done with _____ equipment.
27.
Radio astronomy is based on the fact that stars and other heavenly bodies emit_____.
28.
List four ways radio is used in the telephone system _____.
29.
Radar is based on the use of _____ radio signals.
30.
Underwater radar is called _____.
31.
 The two types of sonar are _____.
32.
 The radio communications hobby is called _____.
33.
Computers exchange digital data over the telephone network by using devices called _____.
34.
Limited interconnections of PCs and other computers in offices or buildings are called _____.
35.
Signals that travel through free space for long distances are called _____.
36.
Radio waves are made up of _____ fields.
37.
A signal with a frequency of 18 MHz has a wavelength of _____ m.
38.
Common power line frequencies of _____ and _____ Hz are in the _____ range.
39.
Audio signals are not transmitted by electromagnetic waves becausea.Antennas would be too long.b.Audio signals do not radiate.c.Simultaneous transmissions would interfere.d.The frequency is too low.(Choose all that apply.)
40.
 The human hearing range is approximately _____ to _____ Hz.
41.
 The frequency range of the human voice is _____ to _____ Hz.
42.
 True or false. Radio transmissions do not occur in the VLF and LF ranges.
43.
AM broadcast stations are in the _____ range.
44.
HF signals are also called _____.
45.
 TV (channels 2 to 13) and FM broadcasting is in the _____ part of the spectrum.
46.
List five major uses of the UHF band.
47.
A frequency of 1 GHz is the same as _____ MHz.
48.
Frequencies above 1 GHz are called _____.
49.
 The SHF and EHF ranges are primarily used by _____ communications.
50.
 The frequencies just beyond the EHF range are called _____ waves.
51.
One micron is the same as _____ m.
52.
Infrared signals are usually derived from _____ sources.
53.
 The spectrum range of infrared signals is _____ to _____ m.
54.
One angstrom is equal to _____ m.
55.
 The visible light range is from _____ to _____Ǻ.
56.
Light signals use two mediums in electronic communications _____.
57.
 The spectrum space occupied by a signal is called the _____.
58.
 The new signals above and below the carrier frequency produced by the modulation process are called _____.

Activity (16)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
riz_alzaga liked this
J.r. Manlunas liked this
Guiller Jay liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->