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Torah Books + Wikipedia Follow

Torah Books + Wikipedia Follow

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Published by Mirka Ivanova

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Published by: Mirka Ivanova on Oct 12, 2011
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05/07/2013

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Book of Genesis
The
Book of Genesis
(from Ancient Greek 
γένεσις (génesis)
, meaning "birth, origin"; fromHebrew 
 תיש ִׁאר ֵבְּ (B'reishit) (Biblical: B'reshiyth)
, meaning "In the beginning"
) is the first book of the Hebrew Bibleand the Christian Old Testament. The narrative of the book traces the origin of God's chosen people, Israel and his descendants,from the Creation to their descent into Egypt; the succeeding books of the Torahfollow their  subsequent liberation from Egypt through the power of God.Structurally, it consists of the "primeval history" (chapters 1–11) and cycles of Patriarchalstories (chapters 12–50)—Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (renamed, Israel), and concluding withJoseph. While some traditions contained in it are as old as the monarchy, with some poetrythat may be earlier, its final shape and message come only from the Exilic and Persian periods(6th and 5th centuries BCE).
For Jews and Christians alike, the theological importance of Genesis centers on the Covenantslinking the Lord (God) to his Chosen People and the people to the Promised Land. Christianity has interpreted Genesis as the prefiguration of certain cardinal Christian beliefs, primarily the need for salvation (the hope of all Christians) and the redemptive act of Christ on the Cross as the fulfillment of covenant promises as theSon of God.
Contents
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Synopsis
God calls the world into being through his divine word and appoints man as his regent; but,man proves corrupt and God destroys his world through the Flood. The new world after theFlood is equally corrupt; but, God does not destroy it, instead calling one man, Abraham, to be the seed of its salvation. At God's command Abraham descends from his home into theland of Canaan, given to him by God. Abraham dwells in the land as a sojourner, as does hisson Isaac and his grandson Jacob, whose name is changed to Israel. Jacob and his twelve sonsdescend into Egypt, 70 persons in all with their households, and God promises them a futureof greatness.
Content
Primeval history
See also:
 
 ,on Genesis 1-2
 , on Genesis 1-6: Creation, Eden, Adam and Eve, Cain and  Abel, Lamech, wickedness
 , on Genesis 6-11: Noah’s Ark, the Flood, Noah’s drunkenness,the Tower of Babel 
God ("Elohim") creates the world in six days and consecrates the seventh. The world Godcreates is good, but it becomes corrupted by the sin of man and God sends a deluge(a great flood) to destroy it, saving only a man who is righteous ( Noah), his wife, his sons and hisdaughters in law, from whose seed the world is repopulated ("be fruitful and multiply").
 
]
Mankind falls back into rebelliousness, but God has promised that he will not destroy it asecond time, and selectsAbrahamto be the seed of his chosen people, Israel.
Patriarchal history
Abraham and Isaac
See also:
 
 Lech-Lecha, on Genesis 12-17: Abraham, Sarah, Lot, covenant, Hagar and Ishmael, circumcision
 
Vayeira , on Genesis 18-22: Abraham's visitors, Sodomites, Lot’svisitors and flight, Hagar expelled, binding of Isaac
 
 , on Genesis 23-25: Sarah buried, Rebekah for Isaac
God reveals himself to Abram, tenth in descent from Noah and twentieth from Adam, andinstructs him to travel to the land whichCanaan's descendants had settled. "Lift up your eyes, and look ... for all the land which you see I will give to you and to your descendants for ever. Iwill make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if one can count the dust of theearth, your descendants also can be counted. Arise, walk through the length and the breadth of the land, for I will give it to you."
God makes a covenant with Abram,
promising thathis descendants shall be as numerous as the stars in the heavens, but that they shall suffer oppression in a foreign land for four hundred years, after which they shall inherit the land"from theriver of Egyptto the great river, the river Euphrates."
 
]
 
Abram's name ischanged to "Abraham" and that of his wife Sarai to "Sarah," andcircumcisionof all males isinstituted as an external sign of the covenant.Sarah is barren, and tells Abram to take her Egyptian handmaiden,Hagar , as a concubine.Through Hagar, Abraham becomes the father of Ishmael,
Abraham asks God that Ishmael"might live in Thy sight," (that is, be favoured), but God replies that Sarah will bear a son,who will be named Isaac,
 through whom the covenant will be established.
 
]
At Sarah'sinsistence Ishmael and his mother Hagar are driven out into the wilderness, but God savesthem and promises to make Ishmael also a great nation.God resolves to destroy the city of Sodom for the sins of its people. Abraham protests that it is not just "to slay the righteous with the wicked," and asks if the whole city can be spared if even ten righteous men are found there. God replies: "For the sake of ten I will not destroyit."
 
Abraham's nephewLotis saved from the destruction of Sodom, and through incestwith his daughters becomes the ancestor of theMoabitesandAmmonites.
 
]
God tests Abraham by commanding that he sacrifice Isaac. Abraham obeys; but, as he is about to lay the knife upon his son, God restrains him, promising him numberlessdescendants.
On the death of Sarah, Abraham purchasesMachpelahfor a familytomb
and sends his servant to Mesopotamia, Nahor's home, to find among his relations awife for Isaac; and Rebekah, Nahor's granddaughter, is chosen.
Other children are bornto Abraham by another wife, Keturah, among whose descendants are the Midianites; and hedies in a prosperous old age and is buried in his tomb atHebron.

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