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A Decision Tree Based Model to Identify the Career Focus of Computer Stream Students in ITES Industry

A Decision Tree Based Model to Identify the Career Focus of Computer Stream Students in ITES Industry

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Published by ijcsis
This paper focuses on the various career opportunities that are available for the computer stream students in the field of ITES industry. This paper analyses the various attributes of the Skill Set of computer stream students, from which a decision tree can be generated to help them to improve the confidence level of students in selecting a career in ITES industry. For the past few years it has become a passion for students to choose computer science as their main stream for their studies. During the final semester of their graduation they struggle a lot to choose a career
based on the skill set they posses which is of due importance. With the use of Decision tree this paper provides a guideline to take decision to choose career in ITES Industry.
This paper focuses on the various career opportunities that are available for the computer stream students in the field of ITES industry. This paper analyses the various attributes of the Skill Set of computer stream students, from which a decision tree can be generated to help them to improve the confidence level of students in selecting a career in ITES industry. For the past few years it has become a passion for students to choose computer science as their main stream for their studies. During the final semester of their graduation they struggle a lot to choose a career
based on the skill set they posses which is of due importance. With the use of Decision tree this paper provides a guideline to take decision to choose career in ITES Industry.

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Published by: ijcsis on Oct 12, 2011
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A Decision Tree Based Model to Identify theCareer Focus of Computer Stream Students inITES Industry
T.Hemalatha
#1
,
Dr.Ananthi Sheshasaayee
#2
 
#1. T.Hemalatha, Research Scholar, R&D centre, Bharathiar University,Combatore, Asst.Prof, M.C.A.Dept,VELSUniversity,Chennai,India
 
#2.
 
 Dr.Ananthi Sheshasaayee- Associate Professor and Head, Dept of Computer Science, Quaid-E-Millath Govt.College for women (Autonomous), Chennai –600 002,India
1
winhema18@yahoo.co.in
 
2
ananthiseshu@gmail.com
Abstract - This paper focuses on the various careeropportunities that are available for the computerstream students in the field of ITES industry .Thispaper analyses the various attributes of the Skill Set of computer stream students, from which a decision treecan be generated to help them to improve theconfidence level of students in selecting a career in ITESindustry. For the past few years it has become a passionfor students to choose computer science as their mainstream for their studies. During the final semester of their graduation they struggle a lot to choose a careerbased on the skill set they posses which is of dueimportance. With the use of Decision tree this paperprovides a guideline to take decision to choose career inITES Industry.
 Keywords - skill set, career, computer stream, ITES, decision tree, decision
I.
 
INTRODUCTIONIn this competitive world it is very difficultto secure a job .Students who have chosen computeras their main stream can decide their career based onthe skill set they posses. They are not much awareabout the skills required by the ITES industry.Knowing the skills they possess, we can give them adecision to choose their career.In our day today life, we come acrossvarious decision making problems. Normally wesolve these problems and make decisions out of theexperience which may be incorrect seldom. Thecomputer technology helps us to provide an easy andefficient way of decision making. One such approachis the decision tree ,which is utilized in this paper.Decision tree learning is one of the most successfullearning algorithms, for its various attractive features.Simplicity, comprehensibility, parameter less, andbeing able to handle mixed type data. In decision treelearning, a decision tree is induced from a set of labeled training instances represented by a tuple of attribute values and a class label. Because of the vastsearch space, decision tree learning is typically agreedy,top-down and recursive process starting withthe entire training data and an empty tree. Anattribute that best partitioned into disjoint subsetssatisfying the values of the splitting attribute, for eachsubset, the algorithm proceeds recursively until allinstances in a subset belong to the same class [1].Decision trees are a rapid and effectivemethod of classifying data set entries, and can offergood decision support capabilities. A decision tree isa tree in which each non-leaf node denotes a test onan attribute of cases, each branch corresponds to anoutcome of the test, and each leaf node denotes aclass prediction. The quality of a decision treedepends on both its classification accuracy and itssize.[2] Existing studies have identified severaladvantages to the use of decision trees: no domainknowledge is needed for classification, they are ableto handle high dimensional data, they are intuitiveand generally easy to comprehend, they are simpleand fast, and they have good accuracy[3].
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 9, September 201191http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
II.
 
RESEARCH
 
METHODS1.
 
Data collectionData for this study were collected from variousITES workers like developers, web designers, Systemadmin, Team lead, Project Manager, developer,Testers, copy editor, reference setting, Hr, network admin, etc. We contacted many workers from ITESindustry and a questionnaire was given to them Thequestionnaire is of closed type. Participation in thisstudy was voluntary and people were assured thattheir individual responses would be treated asconfidential.2.
 
Data Set DescriptionAmong the various attributes the followingattributes are considered as vital for career decisionin ITES Industry. The vital attributes are 1.Communication skill 2. Knowledge on productivitysoftware 3. Domain Knowledge 4. Soft Skill 5Decision making 6. Analytical skills..III.
 
EXPERIMENTAL
 
RESULTSBased on the answer given by the them, theimportant attribute is selected on the basis of highestpercentage and then attribute was categorized by therequirement needed by the ITES industry. It has beenidentified that the major skills set which are requiredfor BPO companies are Knowledge on productivitysoftware, Communication skill, Domain Knowledge,Soft Skill and for KPO companies, Knowledge onproductivity software, Communication skill, DomainKnowledge, Soft Skill, Decision making, Analyticalskills are required. We Assign Knowledge onproductivity software as KPS, communication skillas CS, Domain Knowledge as DK, Soft skill as SS,Decision Making as DM and Analytical skill as AS.Table I. Data Set for the ITES Industry
SAMPLE CS KPS DK SS DM AS BPOEF KPOEF
P1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1P2 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0.8P3 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0.8P4 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0.7P5 1 1 1 0 1 1 0.8 0.8P6 1 1 1 0 1 0 0.8 0.7P7 1 1 1 0 0 1 0.8 0.7P8 1 1 1 0 0 0 0.8 0.5P9 1 1 0 1 1 1 0.8 0.8P10 1 1 0 1 1 0 0.8 0.7P11 1 1 0 1 0 1 0.8 0.7P12 1 1 0 1 0 0 0.8 0.5P13 1 1 0 0 1 1 0.5 0.7P14 1 1 0 0 1 0 0.5 0.5P15 1 1 0 0 0 1 0.5 0.5P16 1 1 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.3P17 1 0 1 1 1 1 0.8 0.8P18 1 0 1 1 1 0 0.8 0.7P19 1 0 1 1 0 1 0.8 0.7P20 1 0 1 1 0 0 0.8 0.5P21 1 0 1 0 1 1 0.5 0.7P22 1 0 1 0 1 0 0.5 0.5P23 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.5 0.5P24 1 0 1 0 0 0 0.5 0.3P25 1 0 0 1 1 1 0.5 0.7P26 1 0 0 1 1 0 0.5 0.5P27 1 0 0 1 0 1 0.5 0.5
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 9, September 201192http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
P28 1 0 0 1 0 0 0.5 0.3P29 1 0 0 0 1 1 0.3 0.5P30 1 0 0 0 1 0 0.3 0.3P31 1 0 0 0 0 1 0.3 0.3P32 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.2P33 0 1 1 1 1 1 0.8 0.8P34 0 1 1 1 1 0 0.8 0.7P35 0 1 1 1 0 1 0.8 0.7P36 0 1 1 1 0 0 0.8 0.5P37 0 1 1 0 1 1 0.5 0.7P38 0 1 1 0 1 0 0.5 0.5P39 0 1 1 0 0 1 0.5 0.5P40 0 1 1 0 0 0 0.5 0.3P41 0 1 0 1 1 1 0.5 0.7P42 0 1 0 1 1 0 0.5 0.5P43 0 1 0 1 0 1 0.5 0.5P44 0 1 0 1 0 0 0.5 0.3P45 0 1 0 0 1 1 0.3 0.5P46 0 1 0 0 1 0 0.3 0.3P47 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.3 0.3P48 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.2P49 0 0 1 1 1 1 0.5 0.7P50 0 0 1 1 1 0 0.5 0.5P51 0 0 1 1 0 1 0.5 0.5P52 0 0 1 1 0 0 0.5 0.3P53 0 0 1 0 1 1 0.3 0.5P54 0 0 1 0 1 0 0.3 0.3P55 0 0 1 0 0 1 0.3 0.3P56 0 0 1 0 0 0 0.3 0.2P57 0 0 0 1 1 1 0.3 0.5P58 0 0 0 1 1 0 0.3 0.3P59 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.3 0.3P60 0 0 0 1 0 0 0.3 0.2P61 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.0 0.3P62 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.0 0.2P63 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0 0.2P64 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0In the Table I. strong skill set value is represented as1 and the weak skill set value is represented as 0.Thevalue ranges for BPO Key Factor and KPO Keyfactor varies from 0.0 to 1.0.BPO Key Factor {0.0 – 1.0}KPO Key Factor {0.0 -1.0}BPO Eligibility Factor is represented as (BPO EF)and KPO Eligibility Factor is represented as (KPOEF) .SOSS1 represents sum of skill set of BPO EF.For each attribute the values assigned to them is 1.SOSS1= Summation of the four attributes they arecommunication skills, knowledge on productivitysoftware, domain knowledge, soft skills .ie.SOSS1=
[(cs) +(kps) +(dk)+(ss)SOSS2= Summation of the all six attributes they arecommunication skills, knowledge on productivitysoftware, domain knowledge, Soft Skill ,decisionmaking, Analytical skills i.e.
∑ ((cs) +(kps)
+(dk)+(ss) +(dm) +(as))BPO Attribute Factor is represented as BPO AF andits value is 4. {CS,KPS,DK,SS}KPO Attribute Factor is represented as KPO AF andits value is 6.{CS,KPS,DK,SS,DM,AS}BPO EF=SOSS1/BPO AF
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 9, September 201193http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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