Figure 1shows a three-phase diagram of an HHT controlled shunt APF. A load currentsignal
is acquiredand used by the ANN to obtainthe distortion current waveform as reference signalfor the control of the APF.The power converter injects the necessary compensation current
in the power circuit, achieving thus a sinusoidal sourcecurrent.
APF control using HHT
Empirical Mode Decomposition (Huang) andHilbert Transform
A signal can be analyzed in details for itsfrequency, amplitude and phase contents by usingEMD followed by HT (Jayasree et al. 2010 andStuti et al. 2009), The EMD produces the monocomponents called IMFs from the original signal.In a given frame of signal, there can be manyIMFs. Each IMF will contain a wave form of different amplitude. Hilbert Transform is appliedon an IMF to obtain, IF and IA. It is mandatory thata signal be symmetric regarding the local zeromean, and should contain same number of extremeand zero crossings.The steps involved in EMD of a signal X(t) withharmonics into a set of IMFs are as follows.1.
Identify all local maxima of X(t). Connect the points using a cubic spline. The interpolatedcurve obtained. The upper line is called theupper envelope (Maximum_envelope).2.
Identify all local minima of X(t) connect the point using a cubic spline.. The lower line iscalled the lower envelope(Minimum_envelope) obtained by cubic spline.
Compute the average by:
(1)Where a = Maximum_envelope and b =Minimum_envelope.4.
Obtain a new signal using the followingequation:
(t) is called first IMF. SubsequentIMF’s had to be found if there are someovershoots and undershoots in the IMF. Hence,the envelope mean differs from the true localmean and h
(t) becomes asymmetric.In order to find the additional IMF’s, h
(t)is taken as the new signal. After n
(t) is the mean envelop after the n
iteration and h
(t) is the difference betweenthe signal and the mean envelope at the (k-1)
Calculate C2F as follows:
= final IMF obtained
is the original signal.6.
Calculate F2C as follows:
is the original signal.7.
Hilbert transform is applied for eachIMF and analytical signal is obtained.A complex signal is obtained from eachIMF:
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 9, September 2011110http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500