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electrical conductivity 2

electrical conductivity 2

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Published by: api-3759646 on Oct 16, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Activity No. ___
ELECTROLYTES AND NON-ELECTROLYTES
Name:_________________________________________________ Score:____________
Section:____________________Group No._______
Date Performed:____________

Electrolytes are compounds that conduct electricity in water-based solutions. Ionic compounds are chemical compounds in which ions are held together in a lattice structure by ionic bonds. These ionic compounds are generally solids with high melting points and conduct electrical current. Electrolytes are divided into three substances: Acids, Bases, and Salts. Not all electrolytes conduct electricity with the same degree. Nonelectrolytes are compounds that do not conduct electric currents in water based solution. Most molecular (covalent) compounds are nonelectrolytes. They are non electrolytes because they are nonionic, which means there are no positively and negatively charged ions in solution to conduct the electrical charges. A simple apparatus can be use in determining the relative conductivity of several solutions.

I. Objectives

In this activity, you should be able to
1. define electrolytes, strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes and non-electrolytes,
2. classify substances as strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes and non-electrolytes and;
3. relate the importance of electrolyte balance in the body.

II. Materials and Chemicals
Materials
Electric Conductivity Apparatus
Small brush
Wash bottle
Chemicals

50 mL of the following solutions/samples in a party cup:
sugar
salt
vinegar
muriatic acid
soap
rubbing alcohol
monosodium glutamate (MSG)
distilled water

ELECTROLYTES AND NON-ELECTROLYTES
Student Worksheet
III. Procedure
Note: Clean the electrode using the brush and distilled water in the wash bottle before and
after using it in different samples to avoid contamination.

1. Dip the electrode of the apparatus in the distilled water
2. Observe what will happen to the bulb.
3. Record your observation and fill in table below
4. Repeat procedure 1-3, instead of distilled water, use the following:

a. Sugar solution
b. Salt solution
c. Vinegar solution
d. Muriatic acid
e. Soap solution
f. Rubbing alcohol
g. Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
Caution: Muriatic acid is very corrosive. Avoid contact with skin.
Samples

Bulb
(bright light, dim light,
no light up)

Major composition of
particles
(ions or molecules)

Classification
(strong electrolytes,
weak electrolytes and
non-electrolyte)

1. Distilled Water
2. Sugar solution
3. Salt solution
4. Vinegar
5. Muriatic acid
6. Soap solution
7. Rubbing alcohol
8. MSG solution

ELECTROLYTES AND NON-ELECTROLYTES
Student Worksheet

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