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Welcome to Astronomy

Welcome to Astronomy

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Published by Chris Vessey
An article made publicly available by Starry Night Education (starrynighteducation.com), via Simulation Curriculum.
An article made publicly available by Starry Night Education (starrynighteducation.com), via Simulation Curriculum.

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Published by: Chris Vessey on Oct 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Welcome guide to
by the publishers of 
Welcome to Astronomy | Star Maps | Binoculars – a Good Start | What Can YouSee in a Telescope? |Moon Map | Choosing a Telescope for Astronomy |
 And More …
Welcome to Astronomy
Astronomy is the oldest of the sciences. Human fascinationwith the heavens is timeless. Stargazing is intellectual as wellas aesthetic. It combines the thrill of exploring new realmsof knowledge with the delight of appreciating new spheresof beauty.
Getting Started
You can start exploring tonight! All you need is a little practi-cal advice and this guide. There’s an infinite universe of celes-tial wonders to see and discover.You’ll be surprised at how much you can see with just youreyes. You’ll be able to make out the star patterns of the con-stellations, follow the phases of the Moon and watch the fivebrightest planets moving against the background stars.Meteors flash unexpectedly and artificial satellites drift slowlyin and out of view. And don’t forget the colorful tapestrypainted across the skies by the rising and setting Sun.
Celestial Road Map
Once you know a few constellations, the sky will always bea familiar friend. It will always be a familiar friend. You canlearn the star patterns of the constellations with the simplestar maps in this guide. Start by choosing the correct map forthe season. You don’t even need to be out in a dark countrylocation. The brightest stars that mark the constellations canbe seen from many urban and most suburban locations.Sometimes a dark country sky can even make things harderfor a beginner because there are so many stars that it’s
to find the familiar patterns of the constellations!
   R .   W   i   l   l   i  a  m  s   (   S   T   S  c   I   ) ,   t   h  e   H  u   b   b   l  e   D  e  e  p   F   i  e   l   d   T  e  a  m  a  n   d   N   A   S   A
Welcome guide to
When you go outside to look at the stars, give your eyes a fewminutes to adjust to the dark. Turn off as many lights as you canto reduce your local sky glow. A flashlight with a red filter ishelpful. It will allow you to read your star map without destroying your night vision. Find north, south, east and west around yourhorizon. Hold your star map up in front of you and turn it so thatthe direction at the bottom of the map matches the directionin which you are facing. The lower edge of the map represents your horizon. The center of the map is your overhead point,the zenith. You should be able to match the pattern of stars inthe sky with the constellations shown on your map. Once youhave identified a star pattern like the Big Dipper, you can use itas a guide to find the next one. Congratulations! You’re on yourway to a very rewarding hobby.Another kind of star map is the planisphere. It is a roundmap printed on card or plastic that allows you to set thetime of night and time of year, so it matches your current sky.Planispheres are good for determining what’s up in the sky,and when the stars and constellations rise and set.As you read along, remember that this guide only scratchesthe surface. For more information there are many goodguidebooks available in your local library and bookstores.We have a list of suggested resources to help you get startedat the back of this guide. Starry Night software can help, too.Use it to help plan your observing sessions and to make andprint your own customized star maps.
Make Some Astro-Buddies
If you are interested in astronomy and don’t alreadybelong to an amateur astronomical organization, local ornational, you should consider joining one. Not only will you make new friends and enjoy swapping ideas, it’s alsothe best place to get help and advice if you need it.In the United States, the largest national organization of amateur astronomers is the Astronomical League (AL). InCanada, the largest is the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC). The member clubs of these organizationshold annual and regional conventions at which amateurstalk shop and exchange ideas. The AL and RASC arecomposed of scores of local amateur astronomical clubsand groups, totaling thousands of individuals.Many astronomy clubs offer field trips or courses to help you get acquainted with the stars. If you own a telescope,but are having problems with it, there is no better placeto go than an astronomy club. Take advantage of thesegold mines of knowledge, experience and fellowship. Thecamaraderie of the night sky is a universal feature of astronomy clubs. There is no substitute for spending timewith other people from different walks of life who allshare the same love for the nighttime sky.
NGC 300: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI)
Welcome guide to
B      o     ö      t      e     s     
V    i    r    g   o   
  H e r  c u l    e s 
   D r   a  c  o
C  o  r  v  u  s  
   U r  s  a   M i  n  o r
   C  e   p   h  e   u  s
  L y r  a
 H y d r a
   C  a  n   i  s    M   i  n  o  r
   C  a  n  c  e  r
      G    e    m      i    n      i      O    r      i    o    n      T    a    u    r    u    s
      A     u     r      i     g     a
     P    e    r    s    e     u    s
    C   a   s   s  i   o   p   e  i   a
  C a n  i s   M a  j  o r
Star Maps
Map 1: Constellations of Spring
Constellations of Spring as seen from approximately 40ºN
(the approximate latitude on Earth of New York, Chicagoand San Francisco)
March 15, 11:00 P.M.
April 15, 9:00 P.M.
May 15, 7:00 P.M.

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