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B.A Modern Essay (Punjab University Lahore)

B.A Modern Essay (Punjab University Lahore)

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B.A Modern Essay (Punjab University Lahore)
B.A Modern Essay (Punjab University Lahore)

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Published by: Iftikhar Hussain Rizvi on Oct 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/08/2015

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29
 
 Email: ifitkharrizvi@yahoo.com
 
 
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 Email: ifitkharrizvi@yahoo.com
 
1-PAKISTAN AND THE MODERN WORLD 
By
 
Liaquat Ali Khan 
 
Introduction:
“Liaq 
at Ali Khan” 
 
is one of those Muslim leaders who worked hard tobring liberty for
Muslims 
of 
Sub-Continent 
. In fact, he was considered the righthand of 
Quaid-e-Azam 
. Present essay is a speech, given by him at the occasion of receiving the honorary degree from the
“ 
Kansas 
University” 
.
In this speech, heclearly described why the
Muslims 
of India demanded a separate homeland.Moreover, he explained the problems faced by 
Pakistan 
. And finally he laid downthe importance of the role of 
America 
and
West 
to bring peace, prosperity, andabove all progress in the newly established countries like
Pakistan 
.
QNo1: 
 Describe the circumstances that led to the creation of Pakistan.
Or 
Why the Muslims of Sub-Continent did demanded a separate homeland? 
Or 
What were the main differences between the Muslims and the Hindus? 
Answer: 
Pakistan 
and the Modern World” 
is an address by 
Liaquat Ali Khan 
atthe
University of Kansas.
He was the first Prime Minister of 
Pakistan 
whovisited
America 
in 1950. His purpose was to introduce
Pakistan 
to people of 
America 
and
Western 
World.In his address, he justified the demand of a separate homeland by the
Muslims 
of India. He gave many reasons in this respect. Firstly, he said, inBritish India, there lived one hundred million
Muslims 
along with three hundredmillion others, mostly 
Hindus 
. The Muslim feared that if they got freedom fromBritish, they would be under permanent domination of 
Hindus 
. Secondly, the
Muslims 
differed from the
Hindus 
in every sphere of life, whatever; it wasreligious, social or economic. Thirdly, the
Hindus 
believed in caste system,whereas, the
Muslims 
believed in equality of human beings. Fourthly, the
Muslims 
believed in the rights of private inherent laws of everyone, whereas the
Hindus 
 
didn’t. Fifthly,
Muslims 
feared that under Hindu domination they wouldnot be able to promote their own culture and to practice the golden principles of Islam. Sixthly, the
Sub-Continent 
was vast enough that it could be divided intotwo independent countries.
 
Page
3
of 
29
 
 Email: ifitkharrizvi@yahoo.com
 
In short, these were some of the reasons given by 
Liaquat Ali Khan 
in hisspeech to justify the demand of 
Muslims 
for a separate homeland.
QNo2: 
What were the expectations of L.A Khan from America and West? 
Answer: 
As the
Asian 
countries, including
Pakistan,
were facing a lot of problem
 
sat the time, so
Liaquat Ali Khan 
emphasized much upon the role of 
America and 
the
Western World.
According to
L.A. Khan 
,
America 
and the
West 
wereadvanced countries. They were not facing such problems as faced by the new andundeveloped countries. So the newly discovered and established countries werehoping that
America 
and
West 
would come forward and play their role in thedevelopment and peace of such countries. He said that
Western World 
shouldnot make the democracy limited just within the advanced countries, but it shouldalso promote and encourage democracy in backward countries of 
Asia 
.
“ 
Liaquat 
Ali Khan” 
 
further said that the
Western 
 
World 
was aware of the problems facedby 
Asian 
countries and should try to eradicate starvation, aggression (
س
),anxiety (
ًؾشپ
), tyranny, poverty and diseases prevailing in them. As far as
Pakistan 
was concerned it would make all efforts to bring peace, love, andharmony in its region and the Muslim world. These were the expectations of L.A Khan from
America 
and
West 
.
QNo3: 
What were the chief qualities we find in L.A Khan? 
Answer: 
“ 
Liaquat 
Ali Khan” 
 
is one of those Muslim leaders who worked hard tobring liberty for the
Muslims 
of 
Sub-Continent.
In fact, he was considered theright hand of 
Quaid-e-Azam.
He was an excellent orator and unique statesman(
ىاذعع
). He played an important part in the revolution of freedom and in the early days of independence.
L.A Khan 
was one of the greatest leaders of his age. Hewas an excellent orator who spoke effectively and impressed his listeners with thesincerity of his words and profundity (
اش
) of his arguments. He has very forcefully justified the demand of 
Muslims 
for a separate homeland. He effectively described the problems faced by the new state and expected role of 
America 
andthe
West 
for peace in the world. This essay shows his power of reasoning and lovefor his country. In short, this man of exceptional qualities was rightly awardedthe title of 
Quaid-i-Millat.
QNo4: 
What were the problems faced by Pakistan after its establishment? 
Answer: 
Pakistan 
had to face many problems after its creation. The new state had asevere lack of capital (
ہهشع
), administration (
ہهًا
), army, food and technology.Even it had no flag and capital. The biggest problem faced by the
Pakistan 
waseconomy. There was no trade, industry and agriculture. It had no industry as all

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