flow performance should be demonstrated with use of th
e OEM’s flow
modelling software.With all fire suppression systems, the design should be approved to ensurethat the pipe runs are not obstructed and can be practically installed withoutadding elbows and other pipe work accessories to avoid any otherobstacles such as light fittings, duct work, etc.
Smoke Detection Principles
A fire suppression system, must comprise of at least two fire zones and atleast two smoke detectors. Traditionally a mix of Ionisation smokedetectors and Optical (Photoelectric) smoke detectors were used to detecta wider range of smoke particles. Today the optical technology covers thisand provides more stability of than that of ionisation detectors, particularlyin high airflow streams.Alternatively, enhanced fire detection can be achieved with the use ofVESDA air sampling systems. Using VESDA smoke detection can provideconclusive detection with accurate testing and measurement principles.Interrogation can also be achieved by looking at extensive event logging,which will paint a picture of events occurring prior to a fire suppressiondischarge!
The fire suppression system uses two modes:-
MANUAL FIRE SUPPRESSION MODE
This is based on Human intervention, the operation of a gas release callpoint or manual actuator will discharge the fire suppression agent. The FireSuppression system will not deploy the system automatically.
AUTOMATIC FIRE SUPPRESSION MODE
Two zones or two devices are needed to prove a coincidence. Thiscoincidence is confirmation that there is smoke present and the firesuppression system will deploy the fire suppression agent. The delay fromthe first stage alarm (first detector activated) to the second stage alarm isvariable, depending on how fast the detectors are responding. Once the