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İhracatta Teslim Şekilleri & Nakliyat

İhracatta Teslim Şekilleri & Nakliyat

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Published by api-3762401

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Published by: api-3762401 on Oct 16, 2008
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05/09/2014

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TESL\u0130M\u015eEK\u0130LLER\u0130
\u0130HRACATTA
&
NAK L\u0130 YAT
Incoterms
(International Commercial Terms)
Ta\u015f\u0131ma , Sigorta
Haz\u0131rlayan : As\u0131m \u00c7ALI\u015e \u2013 Uzman
Eyl\u00fcl \u2013 2005
\u0130HRACATTA NAKL\u0130YAT
\u0130\u00c7 \u0130NDE K \u0130LER
\u00d6NS\u00d6Z
G\u0130R\u0130\u015e
B\u00d6L\u00dcM I-DI\u015e T\u0130CARETTE ULUSLARARASI KURALLAR: INCOTERMS
B\u00d6L\u00dcM II- TA\u015eIMA
1-
Ta\u015f\u0131ma S\u00f6zle\u015fmeleri
2-
Ta\u015f\u0131ma S\u00fcreleri
3-
Ta\u015f\u0131y\u0131c\u0131 Ara\u00e7 Kapasiteleri
4-
Ta\u015f\u0131ma Fiyatland\u0131rma\u0130lkeleri
5-
Standart Ta\u015f\u0131ma Ara\u00e7-Gere\u00e7leri
6-
Paketleme
7-
Do\u011frudan ve Karma Ta\u015f\u0131malar
8-
Ta\u015f\u0131y\u0131c\u0131n\u0131n ve Sevkiyat\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n sorumluluklar\u0131
9-
Nakliyat ile\u0130lgili Belgeler
10- Lojistik ve Outsourcing
B\u00d6L\u00dcM III- S\u0130GORTA
1-
Nakliyat Sigortalar\u0131
2-
Ticar\u00ee Evrak
B\u00d6L\u00dcM IV - EKLER

Ek 1- Ta\u015f\u0131mac\u0131l\u0131kta En S\u0131k Kullan\u0131lan Terimler
Ek 2- Ticar\u00ee Fatura \u00d6rne\u011fi
Ek 3- Ta\u015f\u0131ma Belgesi \u00d6rne\u011fi
Ek 4- Koli Listesi \u00d6rne\u011fi
Ek 5- G\u00fcmr\u00fck Beyannamesi
Ek 6- Nakliyat Sigorta Poli\u00e7esi \u00d6rne\u011fi
Ek 7 \u2013Incoterms 2000
Ek 8- Yararl\u0131 Adresler

\u00d6NS\u00d6Z

Al\u0131c\u0131 ile sat\u0131c\u0131 aras\u0131nda vazge\u00e7ilmez bir ba\u011f olan nakliyat, d\u0131\u015f ticaret mekanizmas\u0131 i\u00e7inde yer alan a\u015famalar\u0131n hi\u00e7\u015f\u00fcphesiz en \u00f6nemlilerinden biridir. \u00c7\u00fcnk\u00fc mal\u0131n\u0131z ne kadar kaliteli ve ne kadar uygun fiyatl\u0131 olursa olsun, kendisine gereksinim duyulan yerde ve m\u00fcmk\u00fcn olan en k\u0131sa zamanda kay\u0131ps\u0131z ve hasars\u0131z olarak ula\u015ft\u0131r\u0131lamazsa, ticar\u00ee anlamda de\u011ferini bulamayacakt\u0131r.\u0130\u015fte bu nedenle, mal\u0131n\u0131 \u00fclke d\u0131\u015f\u0131na satmak isteyen ihracat\u00e7\u0131, nakliyata dair idari ve teknik detaylar\u0131 bilip, ihracat stratejisini buna g\u00f6re belirlemek durumunda olmal\u0131d\u0131r.

\u0130hracat\u0131m\u0131z\u0131n nicel ve nitel boyutlar\u0131yla art\u0131r\u0131lmas\u0131 ve ihra\u00e7 \u00fcr\u00fcnlerimizin

\u00e7e\u015fitlendirilmesi gibi kendisine yasa ile verilmi\u015f g\u00f6revler do\u011frultusunda \u00e7al\u0131\u015fmalar\u0131n\u0131 s\u00fcrd\u00fcren\u0130hracat\u0131 Geli\u015ftirme Et\u00fcd Merkezi (\u0130GEME), bu \u00e7al\u0131\u015fmalar\u0131n bir ba\u015fka boyutu olan "ihracat\u00e7\u0131m\u0131za enformasyon hizmeti sa\u011flama" faaliyeti do\u011frultusunda, \u00e7e\u015fitli yay\u0131nlar haz\u0131rlamaktad\u0131r. "\u0130hracatta Pratik Bilgiler" serisi olarak haz\u0131rlanan \u00e7al\u0131\u015fmalar i\u00e7inde "\u0130hracatta Nakliyat" isimli \u00e7al\u0131\u015fma,

d\u00f6rt ana b\u00f6l\u00fcmden
olu\u015fmaktad\u0131r:

Birinci b\u00f6l\u00fcm, d\u0131\u015f ticarette ve onun ta\u015f\u0131mac\u0131l\u0131\u011f\u0131 ilgilendiren a\u015famas\u0131nda kullan\u0131lan ve "Incoterms" olarak ge\u00e7en k\u0131saltmalar\u0131n a\u00e7\u0131klanmas\u0131na ayr\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. B\u00f6l\u00fcm, ihracat\u00e7\u0131lar\u0131m\u0131zdan ve ihracat\u00e7\u0131 adaylar\u0131m\u0131zdan gelen taleplerin yo\u011funlu\u011fu da dikkate al\u0131narak, yay\u0131n\u0131n bir \u00f6nceki bask\u0131s\u0131na nazaran daha geni\u015f olarak ele al\u0131nm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.

\u0130kinci b\u00f6l\u00fcm, her y\u00f6n\u00fcyle ta\u015f\u0131mac\u0131l\u0131k konusunu ele alarak bu alanda ayr\u0131nt\u0131l\u0131bilgiler

i\u00e7ermektedir.\u0130hracat\u00e7\u0131lar\u0131m\u0131z i\u00e7in \u00f6zellikle \u00f6nemli olan \u201cta\u015f\u0131ma s\u00f6zle\u015fmeleri\u201d konusu yeniden ele al\u0131nd\u0131\u011f\u0131 gibi, \u201cpaketleme\u201d konusu da 1/95 say\u0131l\u0131 Karar\u2019la tesis edilen OGT (Ortak G\u00fcmr\u00fck Tarifesi) ve PAMK (Pan-Avrupa Men\u015fe K\u00fcm\u00fclasyonu) gibi ticaretimizin a\u011f\u0131rl\u0131kl\u0131 k\u0131sm\u0131n\u0131 icra etti\u011fimiz AB \u00e7er\u00e7evesinde dahilde i\u015fleme rejimine de\u011fin ayr\u0131nt\u0131lara inilerek ele al\u0131nmaya \u00e7al\u0131\u015f\u0131lm\u0131\u015f, ilaveten \u201clojistik\u201d ve \u201coutsourcing\u201d gibi son d\u00f6neme ili\u015fkin yenilikler ele al\u0131narak bu\u015fekilde geli\u015fmelerin gerisinde kal\u0131nmamaya \u00f6zen g\u00f6sterilmi\u015ftir.

\u00dc\u00e7\u00fcnc\u00fc b\u00f6l\u00fcmde , nakliyat konusunun i\u00e7inde yer alan en \u00f6nemli konulardan biri olan "Sigorta" i\u015flemlerini kapsamaktad\u0131r. Sigorta konusu, hem poli\u00e7eler baz\u0131nda hem de Incoterms baz\u0131nda ele al\u0131narak \u00e7ok y\u00f6nl\u00fc bir bak\u0131\u015f a\u00e7\u0131s\u0131n\u0131n yakalanmas\u0131na gayret edilmi\u015ftir.

Nihayet d\u00f6rd\u00fcnc\u00fc b\u00f6l\u00fcmde ise, bir yandan ihracat\u00e7\u0131lar\u0131m\u0131z\u0131n s\u0131k\u00e7a kar\u015f\u0131la\u015ft\u0131klar\u0131 terimlere ili\u015fkin mini bir s\u00f6zl\u00fck eklenirken di\u011fer yandan \u00e7al\u0131\u015fman\u0131n \u00e7e\u015fitli yerlerinde de\u011finilen belgeler ve kavramlar hakk\u0131ndaki \u00f6rneklere yer verilerek konunun daha da netle\u015fmesi sa\u011flan\u0131lmaya \u00e7al\u0131\u015f\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r.

ICC (International Chamber of Commerce/Milletleraras\u0131 Ticaret Odas\u0131) taraf\u0131ndan ne\u015fredilen \u201cIncoterms-2000\u201d resmi d\u00f6k\u00fcman\u0131, \u00e7al\u0131\u015fman\u0131n web edisyonunun ekinde yer almaktad\u0131r.

Sayg\u0131lar\u0131m\u0131zla.
\u0130hracat\u0131 Geli\u015ftirme Et\u00fcd Merkezi
(\u0130GEME)

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