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Published by: api-3762954 on Oct 16, 2008
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(December 2006)
 For the Wikipedia policy, seeWikipedia:Etiquette. For the Casiotone for the Painfully Alone album, see Etiquette (album). For theSomething With Numbers album, see  Etiquette (Something with Numbers album).
 High-Change in Bond Street,—ou—la Politesse du Grande Monde
(1796),JamesGillraycaricatured the lack of etiquette in a group of men leering at women and crowdingthem off a sidewalk.
, one aspect of decorum, is a code that governs the expectations of social  behavior , according to the contemporaryconventional norm within asociety, social class, or group. Usually unwritten, it may be codified in written form. Etiquette usually reflectsformulas of conduct in whichsociety or traditionhave invested. An etiquette may reflect an underlyingethical code, or it may grow more as afashion,as in eighteenth century Britain where apparently pointless acts like the manner in which a tea cup was held became associated with theupper class. Like "culture", it is a word that has gradually grown plural, especially in amulti-ethnic societywith many clashing expectations. Thus,it is now possible to refer to "an etiquette" or "a culture", realizing that these may not beuniversal. In Britain, though, the word etiquette has its roots in the eighteenth century, becoming a universal force in the nineteenth century to the extent that it has beendescribed as the one word that aptly describes life during the reign of Queen Victoria [1].
[edit] Norms and effects of etiquette
This section may containoriginal researchorunverified claims.
Pleaseimprove the article  by addingreferences.See thetalk page for details.
(September 2007)
Etiquette codes prescribe and restrict the ways in which people interact with each other, based onrespect for other people and the accepted customs of a society. Modern etiquette codifies social interactions with others, such as:
Greeting relatives, friends and acquaintances with warmth and respect
Refraining from insults and prying curiosity
Offeringhospitalityto guests
Wearingclothingsuited to the occasion
Contributing to conversations without dominating them
Offering assistance to those in need
Eating neatly and quietly
Avoiding disturbing others with unnecessary noise
Following established rules of an organization upon becoming a member 
Arriving promptly when expected
Comforting the bereaved
Responding to invitations promptly
Accepting gifts or favors with humility and to acknowledge them promptly withthanks or refusing the gift politely (e.g. a thank-you card)In the upper strata of Roman society, etiquette would have instructed a man to: greetfriends and acquaintances with decorum, according to their rank, refrain from showingemotions in public, keep his wife(s) secluded from his clients, support his family's position with public munificence, etc. Lower strata conformed to different rules.
Violations of etiquette, if severe, can cause public disgrace, and in private hurt individualfeelings, create misunderstandings or real grief and pain, and can even escalate intomurderous rage. Many familyfeuds have their beginnings in trivial etiquette violations that were blown out of proportion. In the ancient Hindu epic Mahabharata,the entire world-destroying conflict between the armies of two clans begins when one ruler,
Duryodhana,commits a couple of minor  
at his cousin's castle, and is impolitelymade fun of for it. One can reasonably view etiquette as the minimal  politicsrequired to avoid major conflict in polite society, and as such, an important aspect of applied ethics.
[edit] Manners
Main article:Manners
involve a wide range of social interactions within cultural norms as in the"comedy of manners", or a painter's characteristic "manner". Etiquette and manners, likemythology, have buried histories especially when they seem to have little obvious purpose, and their justifications as logical ("respect shown to others" etc.) may be equallyrevealing to thesocial historian.In the West, the notion of 
, being of French origin and arising from practices atthe court of Louis XIV, is occasionally disparaged as old-fashioned or elite, a Likecodeconcerned only with "whichfork  to use". Some people consider etiquette to be an unnecessary restriction of freedom of personal expression; others consider such free spirits to be unmannerly andrude. For instance, wearing pajamasto a wedding in a cathedralmay be an expression of the guest's freedom, but may also cause the bride andgroom to suspect that the guest in pajamas is expressing amusement or disparagementtowards them and their wedding. Etiquette may be enforced in pragmatic ways: "Noshoes, no shirt, no service" is a notice commonly displayed outside stores and cafés in thewarmer parts of North America. Others feel that a single, basic code shared by all makeslife simpler and more pleasant by removing many chances for misunderstandings.
[edit] Cultural differences

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