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Secreções gástricas

Secreções gástricas

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Published by api-3763569
Aula Tributino
Aula Tributino

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Published by: api-3763569 on Oct 16, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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Secre\u00e7\u00f5es gastrintestinais
1

Salivar
G\u00e1strica
Pancre\u00e1tica
Hep\u00e1tica (biliar)
Intestinal

Secre\u00e7\u00e3o salivar

Fun\u00e7\u00f5es:
- Lubrifica\u00e7\u00e3o dos alimentos (mucinas)
- Facilitar a degluti\u00e7\u00e3o
- Facilitar a fala
- Manuten\u00e7\u00e3o da higiene oral (imunoglobulinas e lisozimas)
- Iniciar a digest\u00e3o (amilase salivar)

Caracter\u00edsticas das gl\u00e2ndulas salivares

Principais tipos: Par\u00f3tidas
Submandibulares
Sublinguais

Dois tipos principais de secre\u00e7\u00e3o
\u2022
Serosa \u2013 cont\u00e9m ptialina (\u03b1- amilase)
\u2022
Mucosa \u2013 cont\u00e9m mucina

Gl\u00e2ndulas par\u00f3tidas \u2013 Secre\u00e7\u00e3o serosa
Gl\u00e2ndulas submandibulares e sublinguais \u2013 ambos os tipos
de secre\u00e7\u00e3o

Estrutura das gl\u00e2ndulas salivares

-C\u00e9lulas acinares secretoras
-Ductos intercalares
-Dutos estriados
-Dutos excretores

2
3
Metabolismo e fluxo sangu\u00edneo
- Velocidade de produ\u00e7\u00e3o da saliva:

(1 ml/min/g) \u2013 pr\u00f3prio peso em saliva a cada minuto
-Elevada taxa de metabolismo
-Elevada irriga\u00e7\u00e3o sangu\u00ednea
- Estimula\u00e7\u00e3o simp\u00e1tica\u2191 fluxo sangu\u00edneo

Secre\u00e7\u00e3o da saliva:

- Hipot\u00f4nica ao plasma
- Conc. de Na+ e Cl- menores que as do plasma
- Conc. de pot\u00e1ssio e bicarbonato maiores que as do plasma

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