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Science in Fixed Earth

Science in Fixed Earth

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Published by Rahul Raj
Science in fixed earth, as per Allah and his prophet Muhammad earth is fixed and sun rotates around earth..
Science in fixed earth, as per Allah and his prophet Muhammad earth is fixed and sun rotates around earth..

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Published by: Rahul Raj on Oct 14, 2011
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The Quran and the Shape of the Earth
Sam ShamounThe Quran teaches that Allah made the earth a bed or a carpet which he spreadout and placed on it mountains as pegs to keep it stable. Allah also made theheavens as a roof, a dome to cover the earth. The Quran further presumes thatthe earth is stationary, remaining in a fixed position, not moving.Throughout the paper we will quote the Quran verses and, when necessary, theinterpretation of renowned Muslim commentator Ibn Kathir. For the most partwe will be using the English edition of Ibn Kathir that was translated by agroup of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh Safiur Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri, which can be accessed online:www.tafsir.comBut at times, we may switch to a different English translation of Ibn Kathir which we will indicate within parentheses. Furthermore, all bold, underline,and/or capital emphases found throughout this article will be from us unlessstated otherwise.78:19
The Day of decision is already fixed.
[17]
On that Day, theTrumpet shall be sounded and you shall come forth in multitude.
[18]
The sky shall beopened as if there were doors.
[19]
The mountains shall vanish as if they were amirage.
[20]
For sure, the hell shall lie in ambush,
[21]
to become a home for thetransgressors.
[22]
There they shall live for ages,
[23]
in it they shall taste neither refreshment nor drink,
[24]
except scalding water and decaying filth:
[25]
a fittingrecompense
for their deeds
.
[26]
Q. 2:22
WHO made the earth a bed for you, and the heaven a roof, and caused water to
 
come down from the clouds and therewith brought forth fruits for your sustenance; so do not set up equals to ALLAH, while you know. Sher Ali
Commentary:
...
who has made the earth AS FLAT and comfortable as a bed
and placedupon it mountains standing firm... (
Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Part 1), Surah Al-FatihahSurah Al-Baqarah, ayat 1 to 141
, abridged by Sheikh Muhammad Nasib Ar-Rafa’i [Al-Firdous Ltd., London, 1998 second edition], pp. 79-80)
 
The online version reads:... He made the earth a resting place for them, just like the bed, STABLE withthe firm mountains ...
<And the sky as a canopy>
meaning, ‘a ceiling’ ... (Source)
Q. 13:3
And He it is who hath outstretched the earth, and placed on it the firm
 
mountains, and rivers: and of every fruit He hath placed on it two kinds: Hecauseth the night to enshroud the day. Verily in this aresigns for those whoreflect. Rodwell
Commentary:
Allah mentions His perfect ability and infinite authority, since it is He Who hasraised the heavens without pillars by His permission and order. He, by Hisleave, order and power, has elevated the heavens high above the earth, distantand far away from reach. The heaven nearest to the present world encompassesthe earth from all directions, and is also high above it from every direction. Thedistance between the first heaven and the earth is five hundred years from everydirection, and its thickness is also five hundred years. The second heavensurrounds the first heaven from every direction, encompassing everything thatthe latter carries, with a thickness also of five hundred years and a distance between them of five hundred years. The same is also true about the third, thefourth, the fifth, the sixth and the seventh heavens...
<... without any pillars that you can see.>
meaning, ‘there are pillars, but youcannot see them,’ according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, andseveral other scholars. Iyas bin Mu`awiyah said, "The heaven is like a domeover the earth," meaning, without pillars... (Source)
Q. 15:19
And the earth have WE spread out, and set therein firm mountains and cause
 
every thing to grow therein in proper proportion. Sher AliWe are told in the
Tafsir al-Jalalayn
that:
 
And the earth We have stretched it out, SPREAD IT FLAT, and cast therein
 
firm mountains, lest it should sway beneath its inhabitants, and caused to growtherein every kind of balanced thing, [every kind of thing] known anddetermined. (Source; capital and underline emphasis ours)
Q. 16:15
And He has set up on the earth mountains standing firm,lest IT [the earth]
 
should shake with you; and rivers and roads; that ye may guide yourselves; Y.
 
Ali
Commentary:
... Then Allah mentions the earth and how He placed in it mountains standingfirm,which make it stable and keep it from shakingin such a manner that the
 
creatures dwelling on it would not be able to live. Hence Allah says ...
<And the mountains He has fixed firmly.>
(79: 32). (Source)
Q. 20:53
[since he is the One]Who has laid out the earth as a carpet for youand has
 
traced highways on it for you, and sent down water from the sky, We have brought forth every sort of plant with it, of various types. T.B. Irving
Q. 22:65
Do you not see that Allah has made subservient to you whatsoever is in theearth and the ships running in the sea by His command?And He withholds theheaven FROM FALLING ON THE EARTH except with His permission; most
 
surely Allah is Compassionate, Merciful to men. Shakir 
Commentary:
<He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except by His leave.>
If Hewilled,He could give the sky permission to fall on the earth, and whoever is in

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