Lecture 10 Assignment-Textbook Ch. 22 (Reproductive System)
The collection of male sex hormones :androgens.Testosterone: a specific androgen.
. (p. 846)
The phase and development in which androgen production increases rapidly and the male becomes reproductivelyfunctional
21. Discuss the actions of testosterone. (p. 846)
It stimulates enlargement of the testes and accessory organs of the reproductive system. It is responsible for malesecondary sex characteristics including:
increased body hair growth,
enlargement of the larynx and thickening of the vocal cords,
thickening of the skin,
increased muscle growth, and
thickening and strengthening of the bones.
22. List several male secondary sex characteristics. (p. 846)
Increased growth of body hair, particularly on the face, chest, axillary region, and pubic region, butsometimes accompanied by decreased growth of hair on the scalp.
Enlargement of the larynx and thickening of the vocal folds, accompanied by the development of a lower-pitched voice.
Thickening of skin.
Increased muscular growth accompanied by a development of broader shoulders and a relatively narrowwaist.
Thickening and strengthening of bones.
23. Explain the regulation of testosterone concentration. (p. 846)
is regulated by a negative feedback system that is responsive to blood concentration levels. As theconcentration levels increase, the hypothalamus inhibits GnRH release. If the blood concentration levels drop, thehypothalamus releases more GnRH.
22.4 Organs of the Female Reproductive System25. Describe how the ovaries are held in position. (p. 847)
By several ligaments:
The broad ligament is attached to the ovary, uterine tube, and uterus.
The suspensory ligament is attached to the upper end, and the
ovarian ligament arises from the broad ligament and attaches to the lower end of the ovary.
. (p. 851)
The process by which a secondary oocyte is released from its follicle.
. (p. 856)
A space found between the labia minora and contains the urethral and vaginal openings.
33. Describe the process of an erection in the female reproductive organs. (p. 856)
During sexual stimulation, parasympathetic nerve impulses cause dilation of the arteries associated with theerectile tissues found in the clitoris and vaginal entrance. This causes the tissues to swell and at the same time, thevagina expands and elongates. The vestibular glands begin to secrete mucous into the vestibule when stimulationis sufficient.
22.5 Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive Functions