Heat/UV light Acids/basesElevated body temperature and the resulting decrease in blood iron level and increased phagocytic activity hamper infection.
16.9 Adaptive (Specific) Defenses, or Immunity21. Distinguish between an antigen and a hapten. (p. 628)
Antigen is a foreign substance, such as a protein, polysaccharide or a glycolipid, to which lymphocytes respond.
A hapten are small molecules that can combine with larger ones, becoming antigenic.
22. Review the origin of T cells and B cells. (p. 628)
T cells originate in the thymus.
B cells are those processed in another part of the body, i.e. the fetal liver.
. (p. 630)
Type of protein secreted by a T lymphocyte that attacks viruses, virally infected cells, and cancer cells
28. Explain the function of plasma cells. (p. 632)
Type of antibody-producing cell that forms when activated B cells proliferate
31. Match the types of antibodies with their function and/or where each is found. (p. 635)
1. Associated with allergic reactions
IgE2. Important in B cell activation, on surfaces of most B cells
IgD3. Activates complement, anti-A and anti-B in blood
IgM4. Effective against bacteria, viruses, toxins in plasma and tissue fluids
IgG5. In exocrine secretions, including breast milk