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Unit 1 Essay

Unit 1 Essay

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Published by: InactiveAccount on Oct 14, 2011
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04/23/2012

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Tyranny
 Word Count: 964
GOVT-2305 E2 (8875)
 
Thomas Jefferson once said, “
When the people fear their government, there is tyranny;when the government fears the people, there is liberty
(Jefferson on Tyranny). Tyranny hasvarious definitions in the modern dictionaries but two stand out the most for being closely relatedto Jefferson
’s meaning
in the Declaration of Independence. Even today, there are countries in theworld that are still under the control of a tyrant. Furthermore, even the American people are infear that their government is abusing their power.There are two suitable definitions for the word tyranny that can be associated with howThomas Jefferson utilized it in the Declaration of Independence. The initial
definition is that “A
government in which power is vested in a single ruler
(Merriam-Webster Dictionary). KingGeorge III situated himself above the colonists, making him superior and the colonists inferior.He completely dictated the lives of the colonies. In addition, he did so by annulling the order of salutary neglect that had governed colonial rule prior to that (Zinn 48). Furthermore, he tried tolessen the influence of parliament by habitually selecting different ministers to implement hisdecrees (Jacobus 79). This caused political tumult all through Great Britain, and also led to theharsh acts laid down on the colonies intra 1763.The second meaning for tyranny is the
“arbitrary or unrestrained exercise of power”
(Dictionary.com). The Declaration of Independence evidently describes the detail of grievancesthe colonists had endured under British regulation since the time when the French and Indian warended in 1763. The King of Great Britain is blameworthy of twenty-seven particular abuses. Themajor abuse being that the king obstructed
the colonists’
entitlement to self-government and for areasonable judicial order. In accordance along with Parliament, the king also enacted legislationthat affected the colonies without their approval, such as harsh taxes (Zinn 52). It also entailedthem to accommodate British soldiers; their right to trial by jury was withdrawn, and prohibited
 
them from doing business without restraint (Jacobus 80). Furthermore, the king and Parliamentare at fault for the obliteration of the colonies life and possessions by their inability to defend thecolonies, their seizure of 
colonists’
vessels at sea, and their intention to employ foreignmercenaries to battle versus the colonies (81). The twenty-seven complaints explicitlydemonstrated how the British privileges of the thirteen colonists had been put in jeopardy underBritish reign, providing integrity to their line of reasoning that the colonies wanted to be entirelyand absolutely free of Great Britain.The term tyranny within the context of the document meant to Thomas Jefferson thatKing George III has abused his powers over the thirteen colonies. His use of the term tyranny isvalid because the two definitions that were presented earlier basically described what KingGeorge was and what he did with his power over his people. In spite of the seriousness of bringing down
one’s government,
Jefferson determinedly held that the terrible cruelty they hadtolerated under King George III and the British control swiftly warranted proclaiming thethirteen colonies free from Great Britain (Zinn 56). The historical evidence to support hisstatements is listed in the Declaration of Independence as the twenty-seven grievances. The listincrease with the uttermost impertinent acts, intended at overall restraint of the colonies, whichwere placed just before the signing of the Declaration (Jacobus 79). The initial twelve and lastfive of these complaints are associated to the explicit undertakings by the King himself whichwithout a doubt disregarded the British privileges of the colonists (80). Grievances thirteen andup to twenty-two, demonstrate how Parliament supported King George III in neglecting thebirthrights of the American populace (81). In the end, the 27 grievances showed many coloniststhat their king and fellow Englishmen had neglected and disappointed them as the advocates of their civil liberties and independence.

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