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Social Creativity with Computer Mediated Design - A Literature Reviedw

Social Creativity with Computer Mediated Design - A Literature Reviedw

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Published by Steven Entezari
Creativity has long been viewed as an individual process that occurs in isolation (Sternberg, 1988) without much concern for the interactions of groups of individuals and the outcome of their collaboration. Social creativity is the emphasis on the fact that creativity grows from the individual and their interactions with their environment, artifacts, and externalization of ideas (Fischer, Social Creativity: Making All Voices Heard, 2005). Works on social creativity have focused on the socio-technical environment by which individuals collaborate to develop creativity on items of shared interest. Socio-technical environments are contexts that merge social domains, such as the interactions of people, and technological means of interaction (Mumford, 1985).
Creativity has long been viewed as an individual process that occurs in isolation (Sternberg, 1988) without much concern for the interactions of groups of individuals and the outcome of their collaboration. Social creativity is the emphasis on the fact that creativity grows from the individual and their interactions with their environment, artifacts, and externalization of ideas (Fischer, Social Creativity: Making All Voices Heard, 2005). Works on social creativity have focused on the socio-technical environment by which individuals collaborate to develop creativity on items of shared interest. Socio-technical environments are contexts that merge social domains, such as the interactions of people, and technological means of interaction (Mumford, 1985).

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Published by: Steven Entezari on Oct 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/15/2011

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I600
IU School of Informatics - IndianapolisSteven Entezari
[SOCIAL CREATIVITY WITHINCOMPUTER MEDIATEDDESIGN] 
 
Steven Entezari October 6
th
2011
Introduction
Creativity has long been viewed as an individual process that occurs in isolation(Sternberg, 1988) without much concern for the interactions of groups of individuals andthe outcome of their collaboration. Social creativity is the emphasis on the fact thatcreativity grows from the individual and their interactions with their environment,artifacts, and externalization of ideas (Fischer, Social Creativity: Making All VoicesHeard, 2005). Works on social creativity have focused on the socio-technicalenvironment by which individuals collaborate to develop creativity on items of sharedinterest. Socio-technical environments are contexts that merge social domains, such asthe interactions of people, and technological means of interaction (Mumford, 1985).Social creativity is a subject that spans across multiple domains. The main domain ofinterest for this literature review is one of design. Creative design is an economic,political, social, and cultural interest (Julier, 2009). The impact of social creativity ondesign will be discussed from various themes in the literature. Generally, socialcreativity within design surrounds the idea that social creativity and individual creativity
is not a “versus” comparison, but rather an “and” comparison
(Fischer, Distances andDiversity: Sources for Social Creativity, 2005). In other words, social creativityemphasizes both the
individual’s
creative efforts and the creative efforts of the group.The themes themselves will construct the new perspective known as social creativityand breakdown the constructs that have developed through various examples andtheories rooted in creativity and social interaction.
 
Steven Entezari October 6
th
2011
Social creativity has been utilized as a theory far before any literature was everpublished on it. Enough time and publications have been presented now, however, thata summation and review of the major content and themes within social creativity iscalled for. A synthesized understanding of creativity within the design culture has notbeen established and may act as a starting point or catalyst for future research to beinitiated and other avenues, perhaps even outside of design, to be explored. This reviewwill take a thematic approach to the literature and present key findings resulting from awide array of works done to explore social creativity within the design context.
Objectives
The spectrum of social creativity has yet to be lineated. There are many approachesthat utilize aspects of social creativity without having a clear understanding or having amodel to raise awareness to what aspects of social creativity they are implementingversus what aspects of social creativity are available to them. One major objective ofthis literature review is to bring light to the themes stretching over the literatureregarding social creativity.Social creativity is nothing without a medium. Works discussed throughout this reviewwill focus on the design domain of social creativity. This manifests itself in many ways,however, it is an objective of this review to focus on the socio-technical aspects of socialcreativity in the design domain. Within this socio-technical context, much emphasis willalso be placed on the computer mediated aspects of desi
gn and people’s interaction
with the socio-technical environment.

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