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Reduction of CO2 Eemissions

Reduction of CO2 Eemissions

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MSc Energy Assignment Cover Sheet
Surname
ABDEBAGI
Forename(s)
OSAMA AHMED
Registration No.
071271639
Institute or Dubai Campus
DUBAI CAMPUS
Module code
B49DJ
Module leader
Dr W-G FRUH
Coursework / module title
NEED FOR REDUCTION OF CO2 EMISSIONS BY DEVELOPING
NEW TECHNOLOGIES
Coursework due date
END OF JANUARY 2008
All students are advised to keep a duplicate copy of all work submitted for reference.
1 DECLARATION

I certify that this assignment is my original work expressed in my own words. Any reference made to the work of other authors in any form (eg ideas, figures, text, tables) are acknowledged at their point of use.

Signature of student: O. A. ABDELBAGI
Date of submission: FEB 6th 2008
Reduction of CO2 Emissions
Contents
Introduction\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026. 3
1.The Carbon Dioxide Problem\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u20264
Imbalance Due to Human Activities
The Consequences of Climate Change
2.Solutions being implemented to reduce the greenhouse effect\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u20266

Energy Management
Switching to Renewable Energies
Use of Lower-Carbon Fossil Fuels

3.Why Do we Need New Technologies?...........................................................6
4.What is New?...................................................................................................8

Something special has happened in U.A.E.-Abu Dhabi.
Sustainable Solution from the Sun: Photovoltaic Cells
Cell Production
Solar Panels and Systems
The opportunities opened up by CCS
Capture Techniques
CO2 Transport
Storage Techniques

5.Summary\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026..13
6.Referevces\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026...\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u202615
2
Reduction of CO2 Emissions

Module: FOUNDATIONS OF ENERGY
Assignment # 1
Date: January 2008

Need for reduction of CO2 emissions
by developing new technologies
By Osama Abdelbagi
Introduction

When we think of daily activities that cause pollution we tend to think of driving
to work, cooling the house or washing the clothes. But the biggest impact of individuals is
through the products that they buy. Ultimately, it is consumers (including companies and
government) buying products, that triggers the chain of events that leads to most
pollution.

If you buy a television set, you share responsibility for the energy used by the shop and
for the transport of the TV set from its country of assembly. But it does not stop there.
Components are typically produced in numerous other countries. Each component is
produced in a factory, which requires electricity, chemicals, plastic or metals. If one
traces the production system back to its origin it will end in areas such as a coal mine in
China, an iron-ore mine in Australia, a bauxite mine in Brazil, and an oil well in Canada.
The pollution from these mining activities in distant lands to the purchase of a TV set in
a Norwegian shopping centre generates considerable pollution. This pollution lies behind
most of our personal footprints.

During the Rio Earth Summit[1] in 1992 many nations of the world came to the agreement
to stabilize the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gasses to \u201cprevent dangerous
anthropogenic interference with the climate system\u201d as they signed the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (Bonn: UNFCCC). To this convention, the
Kyoto Protocol (KP) was added in 1997, which states that the Annex 1 countries to the
protocol should reduce their overall emissions of greenhouse gasses (CO2, CH4, N2O,
HFC\u00b4s, PFC\u00b4s and SF6) by 5.2 % below 1990 level during the first commitment period
2008-2012. The KP has now entered into force as Russia signed the protocol in the fall of
2004. Carbon dioxide (has been pointed out as the most significant of these greenhouse
gasses since it contributes to the largest radiative forcing. Three quarters of the CO2
comes from the burning of fossil fuels.The UNFCCC agreed to a set of a \u201ccommon but
differentiated responsibilities.\u201d The parties agreed that:

3

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