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FOUNDATION OF ENERGY

FOUNDATION OF ENERGY

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Foundations of EnergyCourse aims
This module aims to give a very broad overview into the range of issues relevantto energy as a commodity. Given the vast range of topics and disciplines thiscovers, it will miss out many important aspects but the aim is to equip the reader with enough background information the engage fully with the more detailed modules which follow in the course, and to provide enough information and  pointers to be able to join the current debate on energy with some confidence.The expected learning objectives are:
You will gain a broad appreciation of the global and national patterns of energy use.
You will acquire an overview over current energy resources and thetechnological extraction, conversion, and transmission.
Issues of appropriate energy use, energy saving and energy efficiency willbe addressed.
The main current activities to formulate and implement global and national policies will be addressed, and 
The impacts of energy use on society and the environment will beintroduced.
With the insight gained, you will be able to assess critically, ancontribute constructively to, the ongoing debates and strategies for asustainable energy production.While no prior knowledge is absolutely necessary, it is helpful to have (or revise)the basic knowledge of thermodynamics gained in an engineering degree. Morespecifically, familiarity with the first and second law of thermodynamics and anunderstanding of standard thermodynamic cycles will be useful.
i
 
Course material
This course is based on basic material supplied by us, some of which is contained in thisbooklet and some of which is available from the web-based Virtual LearningEnvironment,http://webct.eps.hw.ac.uk . Take your time to familiarise yourself with theonline material, as it contains material to be learned, for example in the folder ‘BasicNotes’, other material gathered by previous students, links to online resources, as wellas places where you have to complete course work.Other material is gathered by you during your studies for this module. It is expectedthat you use the following resources in your research as much as possible:-this booklet-the online notes-standard text books on Energy, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, and otherengineering topics relevant to Energy. A list of some basic text books is given belowand in the ‘Library and Resources’ section in the online module.-Professional and scientific journals, as available in your library or work place-Online library resources provided to you from Heriot Watt Library through internetconnection and Athens Authentication, in particular:
o
The
Encyclopedia of Energy 
. C. C. Cleveland, Elsevier, 2004
o
ISI World of Knowledge
, probably the most comprehensive citation index forengineering, science, and other research journal publications
 
o
Electronic scientific journals
o
The websites of organisations, e.g the
International Energy Agency 
.Links to these resources are all available from the ‘Library and Resources’ section inthe online module.
Textbooks
The last few years have seen the publication or revision of a good number of textbookson various aspects energy, and any recommendation will be based on personalpreference. Books I have used include
G. Boyle, B. Everett and J. Ramage (Editors) (2003).
Energy systems and sustainability 
. Open University. J. Ramage.
Energy: a guidebook
. Oxford University Press, 1997, 2nd edition.G. J. Aubrecht.
Energy 
. Prentice-Hall, 1995, 2
nd
edition, andE. S. Cassedy and P. Z. Grossman.
Introduction to Energy – Resources, Technology, and Society.
Cambridge University Press, 1998, 2
nd
edition. James A McGovern:
The essence of Engineering Thermodynamics
, Prentice HallY. A. Çengel and R. H. Turner (2001).
Introduction to Thermal-Fluid Sciences
, McGraw-HillB.S. Massey (now B.S. Massey and Ward-Smith).
 Mechanics of Fluids
, Chapman&Hall or StanleyThornes, now 7th or 8th edition.Edward Hughes (2002).
Hughes electrical and electronic technology 
. Prentice Hall, 8th edition
ii
 
Course assessment
The course is assessed by a combination of coursework and examination:1.)Online exercises, worth 20% of the module gradeIn the online module, you will find a set of numeric exercises to test yourunderstanding of the basics covered in the ‘Basic Notes’ published in the onlinemodule, and to test your ability to carry out basic calculations. These exercises aremainly concerned with calculating energy consumption, CO
2
emissions, heat transfer,or turbine performance.2.)A critical essay for Distance Learners or an oral presentation for On-campusstudents, worth 30%.As a Distance Learner, you will have a high freedom to choose a topic of yourinterest. Based on your research, drawing on the resources outlined above, you willdiscuss a particular issue relevant to the theme of the module. You will find moredetailed information in the online module3.)A 2-hour exam, usually timetabled for January, worth 50%This exam will follow a similar format as that of the two coursework components.Some of the questions will require you to carry out some basic calculations, whileothers are essay-type questions, in which you will be given the opportunity to discussan issue from a list of topic choices.iii

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