A switch (S2) selects the standby carrier upon loss of input signal. The standby carrier was originally employed to prevent TVs from showing snow when a signal goes off the air. It is also employed if the output channel is used as a pilot for the distribution system. A pilot signal is used to set the gain of distribution systems, and if it disappears when a TV station goes off the air, the operating point of the distribution system will be upset.
Then another switch (S3, optional) is used to switch to an alternative IF signal supplied at the \u201cComposite IF in\u201d connector. For example, the cable operator may carry a local television station that goes off the air at night. It is desired to substitute another signal on the channel when the local station goes off the air.
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