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Manage Demand Planning inSAP APO (3.x) / mySAP SCM (4.x)
 
Best Practice for Solution Management
 
Version Date: September, 2004 
This version is valid for SAP APO (3.0, 3.1) and mySAP SCM (4.0, 4.1)The newest version of this Best Practice can always beobtained through the SAP Solution Manager
Contents
 
Applicability, Goals, and Requirements....................................................................................................2
 
Best Practice Procedure and Verification.................................................................................................3
 
Preliminary Information......................................................................................................................3
 
Monitoring Procedure...................................................................................................................7
 
Business Process Step 1: Extract Data from InfoCube (BW)......................................................8
 
Business Process Step 2: Generate Flat File (Legacy System)................................................10
 
Business Process Step 3: Extract Data from Logistic Information System (R/3).......................10
 
Business Process Step 4: Load Data into APO Data Mart (APO).............................................10
 
Business Process Step 5: Set up Master Data (APO)...............................................................12
 
Business Process Step 6: Load Data into Planning Area (APO)...............................................17
 
Business Process Step 7: Calculate Proportional Factors (APO)..............................................18
 
Business Process Step 8: Adjust Historical Data (APO)............................................................19
 
Business Process Step 9: Create Demand Plan (APO)............................................................22
 
Business Process Step 10: Determine Forecast Accuracy (APO).............................................22
 
Business Process Step 11: Perform Interactive Planning (APO)...............................................23
 
Business Process Step 12: Plan Promotions and Product Life Cycle (APO)............................25
 
Business Process Step 13: Copy liveCache Data to InfoCube (APO).......................................26
 
Business Process Step 14: Transfer DP to R/3 (APO)..............................................................27
 
Business Process Step 15: Perform Material Requirements Planning MRP (R/3)....................27
 
Business Process Step 16: Release DP to SNP (APO).............................................................28
 
Business Process Step 17: Compute Constrained Plan (APO).................................................28
 
Business Process Step 18: Release SNP Plan to DP (APO)....................................................29
 
Related Tools and Activities.......................................................................................................30
 
Further Information.................................................................................................................................39
 
 
Best Practice: Manage Demand Planning in mySAP SCM / SAP APO © 2004 SAP AG2
Applicability, Goals, and Requirements
To ensure that this Best Practice is the one you need, consider the following goals and requirements.
Goal of Using this Service 
This Best Practice enables you to set up a business-process management and monitoring concept forthe business process
Demand Planning
which is part of the mySAP
Supply Chain Management
 (SCM) solution using the SAP
Advanced Planner and Optimizer
(APO). It is valid for SAP APOreleases 3.0A and 3.10.This business-process management and monitoring concept aims to:
Define procedures for business-process oriented monitoring, error handling, and escalationmanagement for
Demand Planning 
Define the roles and responsibilities for all persons involved in the customer’s support andmonitoring organization with respect to
Demand Planning 
 These procedures ensure the smooth and reliable flow of the core business process in order to meetyour business requirements.
Alternative Practices 
You can get SAP experts to deliver this Best Practice on-site if you order a Solution ManagementOptimization (SMO) service known as the SAP Business Process Management service.
Staff and Skills Requirements 
To implement this Best Practice, you require the following teams:Application Management TeamThe Application Management Team should create the SCM / APO business process managementconcept specified in this Best Practice. This team combines experts from several areas of yourcompany:
 
Business department
 
Solution support organization (for example, the IT department and the Help Desk)
 
Implementation project teamExecution TeamsThe execution teams are the following groups, which are taken together from your Solution SupportOrganization:
 
The Business Process Champion for each business process
 
Application Support
 
Development Support
 
Program Scheduling Management
 
Software Monitoring Team
 
System Monitoring TeamMore information about roles and responsibilities of these teams can be found in the superordinateBest Practice
General Business Process Management 
, which you can obtain through the SAPSolution Manager.
 
Best Practice: Manage Demand Planning in mySAP SCM / SAP APO © 2004 SAP AG3Necessary or Useful Training Courses:
 
BC355 APO System Administration
 
SCM210 Basic Data Integration (previous AP205)
 
SCM220 Demand Planning (previous AP210)
System Requirements 
None.
Duration and Timing 
DurationCreating a business-process management concept may take around one week per businessprocess.Implementing the business-process management concept may take around one additional week.TimingThe best time to apply this Best Practice is during the planning phase or during the implementationphase of your mySAP solution.
Best Practice Procedure and Verification
Preliminary Information
The SCM System Landscape
The substantial components of an SAP SCM system landscape are summarized in the following tableand shown schematically in the subsequent illustration.SAP APO System The SAP Advanced Planner and Optimizer system facilitates thestrategic, tactical, and operational planning processes.APO consists of several software components: a relational databasesystem (RDBMS) as in any SAP R/3 System, known as the APO DB; anSAP R/3 Basis; the APO application programs; a separate, very fastobject-oriented SAP DB database called liveCache; and a number ofprograms that execute elaborate optimization algorithms, calledoptimizers. These components can run on the same or on differentservers.OLTP System The Online Transaction Processing system covers functionality for salesand distribution, material and inventory management, controlling, shopfloor control, logistic execution, and so on.OLAP System An Online Analysis Processing system, such as SAP BusinessInformation Warehouse (BW), provides cumulated historical data as abasis for future extrapolation purposes in APO Demand Planning.

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