The Water Libation ceremony was an elaborate ritual emitting great
joy, in fulfilling of Is. 12:3: ”You shall draw
water with joy from the
wellsprings of salvation.”
The Rabbi’s in Yerush. Succah 31b (Palestinian) give a social
history of the role of the shofar in the Holy Temple, with particularemphasis on Succot. Further, the Rabbis agreed that the WaterLibation Ceremony is Scriptural) See Bavli Zevachim 110b)
Aravot (Wiollow Branches) CeremonyThe Mishnah (Sukkah 4:5) indicates that the custom was to circle thealtar one time on each day of Succos and seven times on the seventh
day (similar to Joshua’s circling of
Jericho). So too we circle the Bimahone Hoshana each day of Succos and seven Hosannas on the Seventhday.Jonatan Adler discusses this ceremony as he describes ancient coinswhich depicted this ceremony. The depiction shows the goldenflasgon used to gather the water from the well of Sheloah; a willowbranch"What was the rite of the willow-branch? There was a place belowJerusalem called Motza. The Talmud indicates that Baavli Talmud citesthat city to be Kalonia. Because it was tax-exept, the trees wereownerless; thus, there was no taint of theft involved. See Meiri Bavli45a.They went down to there, and collected young willow branches, andthen came and set them upright along the sides of the altar, with theirtops bent over the top of the altar, after which the trumpets made along blast, a quavering note, and a prolonged blast". These trumpetswere sounded by Kohanim (Priests) See Num. 10:8,9 and MishnahSuccos 5:6.
With reference to what we have learnt, '''Every day they walked round the altar once, and on that day they went round seven times"', your father, citing R.