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Learning Theory and Lesson Planning

Learning Theory and Lesson Planning

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Published by McCormick_Daniel
Lesson Planning Adaptation and Development Daniel McCormick Western Governors University Masters of Education, Learning and Technology

Introduction The context for this presentation is a distance learning system. The audience is a diverse group of educators. Two of the educators are licensed/certified teachers. Three have been providing instruction as tutors in a distance learning environment. The five educators are now instructors for a not-for-profit distance learning provider, Distance Lear

(The presentation for this paper will be posted shortly)
Lesson Planning Adaptation and Development Daniel McCormick Western Governors University Masters of Education, Learning and Technology

Introduction The context for this presentation is a distance learning system. The audience is a diverse group of educators. Two of the educators are licensed/certified teachers. Three have been providing instruction as tutors in a distance learning environment. The five educators are now instructors for a not-for-profit distance learning provider, Distance Lear

(The presentation for this paper will be posted shortly)

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Published by: McCormick_Daniel on Oct 15, 2011
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Lesson Planning Adaptation and DevelopmentDaniel McCormickWestern Governors UniversityMasters of Education, Learning and Technology
 
IntroductionThe context for this presentation is a distance learning system. The audience is adiverse group of educators. Two of the educators are licensed/certified teachers.Three have been providing instruction as tutors in a distance learning environment. Thefive educators are now instructors for a not-for-profit distance learning provider,Distance Learning Classrooms (DLC). DLC’s mission is to provide academic courses(primarily science and mathematics) and tutoring assistance for all academic areas asneeded. DLC is open to the public and most of the current students are adult learnerswho struggled in high school and now want to attend college but are not academicallyprepared.The lesson plan that will be used is Newton’s Second Law of Motion. It is a one totwo hour self-paced unit of instruction for General Physics. The original lesson planwas taken from a high school physics course. The lesson plan consisted of the title ofthe lesson, a reading assignment, and a handout with several questions for the studentsto complete independently.Learning TheoriesAll meaningful learning is based on sound learning theory. All DLC lesson plansare based on adaptations of three major theories. The first theory is Cognitivism; the
 
adaptations to this theory are Cognitive Load Theory and Conditions of Learning. Thesecond theory is Constructivism; the adaptation to this theory is the Theory of SituatedLearning. The third theory is Behaviorism; the adaptation to this theory is Keller’sPersonalized System of Instruction (PSI).ConstructivismConstructivisim is primarily based on the work of Jean Piaget and presents atheoretical framework for how learning works. Piaget suggested that learning occurswhen the learner takes new information and applies that the their preexistingexperiences and knowledge without changing that framework. Although Constructivismis not considered a pedagogy there are many learning theories based on Paiget’s work.Many of these theories are related to active learning. Jerome Bruner (1960) proposed atheoretical framework where learning is an active process and that learners constructnew ideas and concepts based on their past or present knowledge and experience.Bruner also believed that any learning theory should have four major components: (a) apredisposition for learning, (b) knowledge should be structured so that it is easilyacquired by the learner, (c) the most effective means of presenting material should beused, (d) the type of rewards and punishments used and how they are pace.
(JeromeBruner, 1966)
There are numerous learning theories based on Constructivism. Manyof these theories are best suited for specific types of learning (i.e. Language Arts,History/Social Studies, complex (technical) learning.
DLC primarily teaches scienceand mathematics and uses the Situated Learning theory (especially for

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