adaptations to this theory are Cognitive Load Theory and Conditions of Learning. Thesecond theory is Constructivism; the adaptation to this theory is the Theory of SituatedLearning. The third theory is Behaviorism; the adaptation to this theory is Keller’sPersonalized System of Instruction (PSI).ConstructivismConstructivisim is primarily based on the work of Jean Piaget and presents atheoretical framework for how learning works. Piaget suggested that learning occurswhen the learner takes new information and applies that the their preexistingexperiences and knowledge without changing that framework. Although Constructivismis not considered a pedagogy there are many learning theories based on Paiget’s work.Many of these theories are related to active learning. Jerome Bruner (1960) proposed atheoretical framework where learning is an active process and that learners constructnew ideas and concepts based on their past or present knowledge and experience.Bruner also believed that any learning theory should have four major components: (a) apredisposition for learning, (b) knowledge should be structured so that it is easilyacquired by the learner, (c) the most effective means of presenting material should beused, (d) the type of rewards and punishments used and how they are pace.
There are numerous learning theories based on Constructivism. Manyof these theories are best suited for specific types of learning (i.e. Language Arts,History/Social Studies, complex (technical) learning.
DLC primarily teaches scienceand mathematics and uses the Situated Learning theory (especially for