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Lec-3

Lec-3

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Published by: api-27080431 on Oct 16, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Biogeochemical cycle
Biogeochemical cycle
Nearly 30 to 40 elements are required for proper
Nearly 30 to 40 elements are required for proper
growth and development of living organisms.
growth and development of living organisms.
Most important of these are C, H, O, P, Cl,
Most important of these are C, H, O, P, Cl,
Zn etc. These materials flow from abiotic to
Zn etc. These materials flow from abiotic to
biotic components and back to the non-living
biotic components and back to the non-living
component again in a more or less cyclic
component again in a more or less cyclic
manner. This is known as the biogeochemical
manner. This is known as the biogeochemical
cycle or inorganic-organic cycle.
cycle or inorganic-organic cycle.
There are three types of biogeochemical cycles:
There are three types of biogeochemical cycles:
4.
4.
Hydrologic cycle or water cycle
Hydrologic cycle or water cycle
5.
5.
Gaseous cycles and
Gaseous cycles and
6.
6.
Sedimentary cycles
Sedimentary cycles
1.
1. Hydrologic or water cycle
Hydrologic or water cycle
Interchange of water between atmosphere, land
Interchange of water between atmosphere, land
and sea also between living organisms and
and sea also between living organisms and
their environment is accomplished through
their environment is accomplished through
water cycle. Water cycle or hydrologic cycle
water cycle. Water cycle or hydrologic cycle
involves evaporation, transpiration, cloud
involves evaporation, transpiration, cloud
formation and precipitation.
formation and precipitation.
Water of atmosphere reaches the earth surface
Water of atmosphere reaches the earth surface
through precipitation and from the earth
through precipitation and from the earth
surface it reaches the atmosphere through
surface it reaches the atmosphere through
evaporation and transpiration.
evaporation and transpiration.
The amount of water available for evaporation is
The amount of water available for evaporation is
determined by the amount supplied by the
determined by the amount supplied by the
precipitation and condensation.
precipitation and condensation.Between
Between
rainfall input and evaporation output there lies
rainfall input and evaporation output there lies
a precarious water balance.
a precarious water balance.

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