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2011014 SS Senvar 2011 Gunawan_ Leonardo

2011014 SS Senvar 2011 Gunawan_ Leonardo

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Published by gunteitb
Sustainable Architectural Design in Indonesia: Responding the Current Environmental Challenges
by: Gunawan Tanuwidjaja1 and Lo Leonardo2

1 Lecturer of Department of Architecture, Petra Christian University, Indonesia
2 Students of Department of Architecture, Petra Christian University, Indonesia

Email address of corresponding author: gunteitb@yahoo.com, gunte@peter.petra.ac.id

ABSTRACT

The impacts of environmental destructions were felt in Indonesia. The irregular weather patterns, extreme temperatures, as well as floods affected many vulnerable areas in the Country oftentimes. Further, poverty and weal legal enforcement caused deforestation of 1,871,500 ha of forests annually and the extinctions of 147 species of mammals, 114 birds, 28 reptiles, 91 fishes and 28 invertebrates.

Indonesia also encountered great numbers of environmental as well as manmade disasters. It was recorded 12 earthquakes & tsunamis (in 2009), 8 volcanic eruptions (in 2008), 631 floods & landslides (in 2009), and 340 typhoons (in 2009). In total 416 lives were killed and 7,444 houses damaged.

Therefore, Indonesian Sustainable Architectural Design Framework should consider the requirements of these environmental challenges, not only prescribing “green rating”. The framework should be built considering the social economic conditions of Indonesian as well as local wisdoms of local Architectures. And lastly, it should be sustained by the active participation of Architectural Education Institutions and other stakeholders in Indonesia

Keywords: Indonesian Sustainable Architectural Design, Environmental Challenges in Indonesia
Sustainable Architectural Design in Indonesia: Responding the Current Environmental Challenges
by: Gunawan Tanuwidjaja1 and Lo Leonardo2

1 Lecturer of Department of Architecture, Petra Christian University, Indonesia
2 Students of Department of Architecture, Petra Christian University, Indonesia

Email address of corresponding author: gunteitb@yahoo.com, gunte@peter.petra.ac.id

ABSTRACT

The impacts of environmental destructions were felt in Indonesia. The irregular weather patterns, extreme temperatures, as well as floods affected many vulnerable areas in the Country oftentimes. Further, poverty and weal legal enforcement caused deforestation of 1,871,500 ha of forests annually and the extinctions of 147 species of mammals, 114 birds, 28 reptiles, 91 fishes and 28 invertebrates.

Indonesia also encountered great numbers of environmental as well as manmade disasters. It was recorded 12 earthquakes & tsunamis (in 2009), 8 volcanic eruptions (in 2008), 631 floods & landslides (in 2009), and 340 typhoons (in 2009). In total 416 lives were killed and 7,444 houses damaged.

Therefore, Indonesian Sustainable Architectural Design Framework should consider the requirements of these environmental challenges, not only prescribing “green rating”. The framework should be built considering the social economic conditions of Indonesian as well as local wisdoms of local Architectures. And lastly, it should be sustained by the active participation of Architectural Education Institutions and other stakeholders in Indonesia

Keywords: Indonesian Sustainable Architectural Design, Environmental Challenges in Indonesia

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Published by: gunteitb on Oct 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/20/2011

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