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Types of Instructional Media

Types of Instructional Media

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Published by: Dm Florano on Oct 16, 2011
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TYPES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA
TEXT MEDIA
Text media is consists of alphanumeric letter and characters either printed onpapers, books, or projected from a computer screen. It is the most commonlyused media in most classrooms today.Types of text media:PrintedBooks, brochures, newspapers, manualsDisplayedBulletin boards, flipchartsProjectedTexts projected by LCD or overhead projectorsDigitalE-books, E-zines, E-journals
AUDIO MEDIA
Audio media refers to the various means that can make human voiceand other sounds into more powerful forms of information,communication, and education. Its type ranges from the traditional vinylrecords and cassette tapes to digital ones like compact discs andportable media players.
 
The use of audio media can stimulate students learning and may serveas motivation for them. From the content areas like Math and Scienceto the musically-inclined subjects like MAPEH, audio media has a greatapplication.
VISUAL MEDIA
Most of us are visual people. We learn and remember things through pictures or images. Visual media has agreat contribution to our learning. Our mind processesmessages as images rather than as audio or texts.A person should be visually literate in order to criticallyevaluate, examine, and efficiently use various visualrepresentations around him. A visually literate personfinds and accesses needed images efficiently. He canalso evaluate the appropriateness and reliability of theimage before using it. Furthermore, he can also make andcreate his own visual design.
 
MOTION MEDIA
As the name connotes, it is MEDIA IN MOTION.It combines motion, color, and sound in ways that can showideas better than any other medium.Videos are example of this kind of media.Advantages of using motion media in the classroom are asfolllows:1. Motion is the best media in portraying concepts that includemotion. (E.g. The division of cells)2. Steps and procedures can be shown more effectively.3. It provides risk-free observation. Phenomena that might be dangerous when view directly, like volcaniceruption, can be shown in videos without causing any hazardous effect.4. It can also bring affective impact to students.
PEOPLE MEDIA
This media has two types: People as media and People inmedia. The former is the use of people as a medium by utilizing thepeople themselves to transfer information while the latter pertains tothe people working in mass media. Examples of people as mediaare teachers, students, administration, resource speakers, etc.People in media include the editorial board, tv and radio people,etc.
MANIPULATIVE MEDIA
physical objects that are used as teaching tools toengage students in the hands-on learning of different subjects.
(such as markers, toothpicks, or coins) provide visiblemodels that help students solve problems and developconcepts.
Enables students to explore concepts at the first, or concrete,level of understanding.
Using concrete manipulatives is the first step to using mentalimages and models.
Students can easily remember the lesson through images bythe use if manipulatives.1.Math
Children must have the opportunity to gain theknowled
 
ge and attitudes needed to become lifelonglearners of mathematics. To achieve this goal, educatorsare concerned that more time be spent on
understanding math concepts
with the help of manipulatives and less on
 
how to do paper-and-pencil computations. The implementation of this trend is beginning in theearly elementary grades.2.English/Filipino
Auditory discrimination and phonics manipulatives incorporate text with vibrant graphicsand are useful for teaching English vocabulary.
Decoding manipulatives offer abundant practice applying rules as students learn Englishwords and structure.
Scrambled sentences teach English syntax as they foster reading comprehension andfluency.
Students who have difficulty learning due to language barriers, auditory deficiencies, or behavioral issues have a much easier time stay engaged and on task when manipulativemodels are introduced.3.Science
To demonstrate Newton's First Law of Motion, students calculate average speed basedon their observations of a rolling marble. Answers will vary depending on the distance andspeed at which the marbles roll.
Using a ball and bat, students can observe Newton's Second Law of Motion by increasingthe force of their swings to make the ball travel faster and farther.
The concept of inertia becomes visible when students stack four or five dominoes anduse a ruler to knock the bottom domino out repeatedly until there is only one left.
A creative science teacher can demonstrate any number of scientific theories by havingstudents bring in such things as soap, miniature toy cars, balance scales, toothpicks, modelingclay, rope, and coins.4. Social Studies/MAPEH
Geography – use of globe to find the absolute and relative location of a certain place
Music – use of musical instruments
MULTIMEDIA
Multimedia is a combination of many forms of media. It may be audio and text. motion, audio and text,manipulatives and audio, and more.The use of multimedia is very interesting and engaging. It also provides multi-sensorial approach toteaching. Students with different modes of learning benefit in using multimedia in the classrooms.

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