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IWCF WATTAYA 2007 rev 2

IWCF WATTAYA 2007 rev 2

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IWCF \u2013 Well Intervention Pressure ControlClient: WATTAYA TRAINING
SERVICES
C lie n t:
Curing a hydrate problem in particular sections of the system has been accomplished by the
following measures:-
Plug in at the surface
Close in the well and depressurise the line, or apply
steam or hot water externally.
Hydrate at the stuffing
box during wireline
operations
Close BOP\u2019s and bleed down the lubricator
Hydrate in the tubing

Continue injecting methanol at maximum rate taking note of the THP at all times as this could begin to rise with the fluid injection.

If during injection of methanol no increase in THP is observed (this will indicate that the tubing is not completely blocked), begin to bleed down the tubing taking careful note of the volume and type of returns.

If during injection of methanol an increase in THP is observed (this will indicate that the tubing is blocked, then bleed down the THP to the point below the bubble point so as to create a gas cap above the hydrate. Methanol injected will then stand a better chance of reaching the hydrate.

IWCF \u2013 Well Intervention Pressure ControlClient: WATTAYA TRAINING
SERVICES
C lie n t:
17.3 Hydrate Prevention

Present techniques for prevention of hydrates are mainly geared to a live well with a gas cap in the tubing. This allows methanol introduced at the Xmas Tree to gravitate down to the hydrate level, and therefore act directly on top of a hydrate, should it occur.

Consideration must be given to a perforated well which has not yet been \u201ccleaned up\u201d as gas will
migrate throughout the tubing during the completion of perforation activities.
To minimise the risk of hydrate formation in the well bore and surface equipment, the following
action points must be taken:
\ue004The fluids used for well operations should be incapable of supporting a hydrate. For
example, water free base oil, diesel or water glycol mixes may be selected.
\ue004Prior to opening a well flow, methanol injection must be started at maximum rate
and continued until the flowline temperature is high enough to prevent hydrate
formation at that FTHP.
\ue004Use only a 60/40 mono-ethylene/sea water mix when pressure testing
\ue004Inject glycol at the grease injection head during wireline operations.
Continually inject methanol at the Xmas Tree during all well operations.
Curing Hydrates
The main guidance for removal of a hydrate plug is to reduce the pressure or increase the
temperature, or use methanol, or any combination of these.
WARNING:
IT IS HAZARDOUS TO BLEED DOWN PRESSURE ON ONLY ONE SIDE OF A
HYDRATE PLUG IN ANY PIPEWORK.
NOTE:

The risk is that if pressure is bled down from one side of a hydrate it will begin to dissolve. As it dissolves, differential pressure can act upon one side of the plug and may cause it to be dislodged at considerable velocity. Bleeding down can be effective in dissolving a hydrate, but it is not recommended as a routine practice. However, once a full column of fluid (preferably methanol) has been established above the hydrate plug then bleeding down the pressure above to destroy the hydrate can be considered. The full column of liquid will act as a cushion and prevent the dissolved plug achieving high velocities caused by the differential pressure across it.

IWCF \u2013 Well Intervention Pressure ControlClient: WATTAYA TRAINING
SERVICES
C lie n t:

Although methanol is a more effective hydrate inhibitor than Glycol, it is not, however, a first choice for injection at the wireline lubricator or flowhead during well operations, as it dissolves sealing greases and may cause loss of seal in a grease head. Also injecting glycol without any form of atomisation may result in the glycol adhering to the wall of the tubing/lubricator, and will not effectively absorb free water being lifted through gas by the wireline.

Figure 17.1- Temperatures At Which Gas Hydrates Will Freeze

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