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AsteriskForDumbMe

AsteriskForDumbMe

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Published by api-3739722
Book configuration and Build Asterisk Server
Book configuration and Build Asterisk Server

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Published by: api-3739722 on Oct 16, 2008
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Asterisk@Home Without Tears
Page 1 of 164
Without Tears
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.1/au/
The Dumb-Me Guide
(Australianised for AU&NZ brethren)
Incorporating elements of versions 1.x and 2.x up to v2.7 using AMP
(From version 2.8 onwards, AMP has been replaced by FreePBX)
(Version 2.8 Draft 4c)
by
Ben Sharif
About the Author
Last updated on May 30, 2006
Please send comment or suggestions to me at the address below
mailto:bensharif@gmail.com
Please do not send questions directly to me. Instead post all questions in
the Whirlpool Forum below so others may also benefit from it.
http://forums.whirlpool.net.au/forum-threads.cfm?f=107
First Published on 15th June 2005
This document is released under the Creative Commons By-Attrib Non-Commercial Share-Alike 2.1 licence.
\ue001*\ue000
Asterisk@Home Without Tears
Page 2 of 164
TABLE OF CONTENT
Forward............................................................................................................................ 7
1 Introduction.................................................................................................................8

1.1 The Components...............................................................................................8 1.1.1 The IP PBX.................................................................................................8 1.1.2 Phones.......................................................................................................9 1.1.3 SIP Gateway..............................................................................................9 1.1.4 Home Network............................................................................................9 1.1.5 VOIP Service Providers..............................................................................9

2 Is VOIP for You?........................................................................................................ 10
2.1 What is it going to cost ?.................................................................................10
2.2 What will the Quality of the phone calls be?...................................................10
3 Installation.................................................................................................................11

3.1 Change default Settings..................................................................................12
3.1.1 To get Help...............................................................................................12
3.1.2 Change Linux Password..........................................................................13
3.1.3 Change IP Address (set IP address to Static)..........................................13
3.1.4 Set Time Zone..........................................................................................14
3.2 Connect to AMP (or FreePBX) from Web Browser........................................15
3.2.1 Log in to Asterisk Management Portal (AMP)..........................................15
or FreePBX Administration.................................................................................15

3.3 General Settings.............................................................................................18 3.3.1 General Settings for AAH 2.7 or Earlier....................................................18 3.3.2 General Settings for AAH 2.8 or Later.......................................................19 3.3.3 Dial Command Options............................................................................19

3.4 Extensions.......................................................................................................22 3.5 Follow Me (AAH 2.8 with freePBX).................................................................24 3.6 Ring Groups....................................................................................................25

3.6.1 Now it\u2019s a good time to set up your softphone. ........................................26
4 Incoming Calls Handling.......................................................................................... 27
4.1 Incoming Calls (Prior to AAH 2.8 with FreePBX)............................................27
4.2 Incoming Calls (AAH 2.8 with FreePBX).........................................................27
4.2.1 Time Conditionds.....................................................................................28
5 Trunks And Routes................................................................................................... 29
5.1 What is a Dial Pattern?...................................................................................29
5.2 What is a Trunk?.............................................................................................29

5.3 Let\u2019s Create The Trunks..................................................................................30 5.3.1 Pennytel...................................................................................................30 5.3.2 Oztell (SIP)...............................................................................................32 5.3.3 Oztell (IAX)...............................................................................................33 5.3.4 Astratel.....................................................................................................34

5.4 Create Outbound Routing...............................................................................37 5.4.1 What is an Outbound Route?...................................................................37 5.4.2 How does it work?....................................................................................37 5.4.3 International..............................................................................................38 5.4.4 Domestic..................................................................................................38 5.4.5 MobileAust................................................................................................39 5.4.6 Oztellonly..................................................................................................39 5.4.7 Astratelonly...............................................................................................40

5.5 ENUM..............................................................................................................41 5.5.1 Setting up ENUM Trunk...........................................................................41 5.5.2 Setting up ENUM Outbound Route..........................................................42

5.6 Inbound Route (DID Routes A@H version 1.x)...............................................44
Asterisk@Home Without Tears
Page 3 of 164
5.6.1 Inbound Route (AAH version 2.7 with AMP and earlier)..........................44
5.6.2 Inbound Route (AAH version 2.8 with freePBX).......................................44
6 Digital Receptionist...................................................................................................46
6.1 Setting Up Digital Receptionist........................................................................46
6.2 Customising Individual Extension...................................................................50
7 Get Under The Bonnet.............................................................................................. 51

7.1 Editing The .conf Files.....................................................................................52 7.1.1 iax.conf.....................................................................................................52 7.1.2 Indications.conf........................................................................................52 7.1.3 enum.conf.................................................................................................52 7.1.4 extensions.conf........................................................................................52 7.1.5 extensions_custom.conf...........................................................................53 7.1.6 sip.conf.....................................................................................................53

7.2 Port Forwarding \u2013 Routers..............................................................................54
7.3 QOS \u2013 Routers................................................................................................54
8 Check your System...................................................................................................56
8.1 System Status.................................................................................................56
8.2 Asterisk Info....................................................................................................57
9 Interfacing Asterisk to PSTN.................................................................................... 58

9.1 Digium Wildcard X100P FXO PCI Card..........................................................58 9.1.1 zapata.conf...............................................................................................58 9.1.2 zaptel.conf................................................................................................59 9.1.3 modules.conf (modprobe.conf for AAH 2.x).............................................59

9.2 Digium TDM400P FXO/FXS Card...................................................................59
9.2.1 zapata-auto.conf.......................................................................................59

9.2.2 modules.conf (modprobe.conf for AAH 2.x).............................................60
9.3 Rebuilding Zaptel Driver..................................................................................61
9.4 Sipura SPA3000 as a PSTN Interface............................................................62
9.4.1 Log in to SPA3000...................................................................................62
9.4.2 Change the settings.................................................................................62
9.4.3 Add SIP Trunk..........................................................................................64
9.4.4 SPA3000 as an outbound PSTN Trunk....................................................65

10 PSTN to VOIP Gateway........................................................................................... 66
11 DISA..........................................................................................................................67
11.1 DISA prior to AAH version 2.8 using AMP....................................................67
11.2 DISA \u2013 AAH version 2.8 using FreePBX.......................................................68
12 Setting Up a Soft Phone......................................................................................... 69

Profile Tab..........................................................................................................69 Audio & Video Tab.............................................................................................69 Network Tab.......................................................................................................70 STUN Tab..........................................................................................................70 Call Forward.......................................................................................................71

13 Flash Operator Panel (FOP)................................................................................... 72

13.1 Setting Up.....................................................................................................73 13.1.2 Setting the Admin Password..................................................................73 13.1.3 Hang-up a Call.......................................................................................73 13.1.4 Transfer a Call........................................................................................73 13.1.5 Initiate a Call...........................................................................................73 13.1.6 Barge in or Create a Conference...........................................................73 13.1.7 Alternative Flash Operator Panel. ..........................................................73

14 Call parking and transfer........................................................................................ 74

14.1 Call Transfer - Managed...............................................................................74
14.1.1 How is it done?.......................................................................................74
14.2 Call Transfer \u2013 Blind......................................................................................75
14.3 Put a Call On Hold........................................................................................75

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