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q Chapter 0 - Introductions
q Chapter 1 - Sensors
qChapter 2 - Actuators
q Chapter 3 - Industrial Electronic
qChapter 4 - Motor Drives
qChapter 5 - Control Components
qChapter 6 - Sequential Logic
qChapter 7 - Programmable Logic Controllers
q Chapter 8 - Computer Control Systems
qChapter 9 - Computer Interface
q Chapter 10 - Real Time Control Platform
qChapter 11 - Sstems Modelling
q Chapter 12 - Servo Control
Some manufacturers tried to lower prices by reducing manufacturing costs. They either automated or emigrated.
Many countries legislated trade barriers to keep high quality, low cost products out. Manufacturers who did nothing
... disappeared, often despite their own government's protective trade barriers.
Automation is a technique that can be used to reduce costs and/or to improve quality. Automation can increase
manufacturing speed, while reducing cost. Automation can lead to products having consistent quality, perhaps even
consistently good quality. Some manufacturers who automated survived. Others didn't. The ones who survived
were those who used automation to improve quality. It often happened that improving quality led to reduced costs.
Automation, the subject of this textbook, is not a magic solution to financial problems. It is, however, a valuable
tool that can be used to improve product quality. Improving product quality, in turn, results in lower costs.
Producing inexpensive, high quality products is a good policy for any company.
Automating before answering the above questions would be foolish. The following chapters describe the available technology so that the reader will be prepared to select appropriate automation technology. The answers to the last two questions above are usually "yes," and this book introduces techniques to improve processes and products, but each individual organization must find its own improvements.
existence of "islands of automation" on the plant floor. The learning that an organization does at this
step is valuable. An organization embarking on an automation program should be prepared to accept
some mistakes in the early stage of this phase. The cost of those mistakes is the cost of training
manufacturing and business system. While this text does not discuss the details of integrated
manufacturing, it is discussed in general in this chapter and again. Technical specialists should be
aware of the potential future need to integrate, even while they embark on that first "simplification"
Now bringing you back...
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