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Premillennialism%20vs%20Amillennialism

Premillennialism%20vs%20Amillennialism

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Premillennialism
Premillennialism
vs.
vs.
Amillennialism
Amillennialism
By: J.B. Hixson, Th.M.
By: J.B. Hixson, Th.M.
Premillennialism vs.
Premillennialism vs.
Amillennialism
Amillennialism
\ue000
\ue000These terms are used to answer the
These terms are used to answer the
question: When is the second
question: When is the second
coming of Christ relative to the
coming of Christ relative to the
earthly kingdom of Christ?
earthly kingdom of Christ?
\ue001
\ue001Pre: 2
Pre: 2nd
ndComing occurs
Coming occursbefor e
beforethe
the
kingdom
kingdom
\ue001
\ue001Post: 2
Post: 2nd
ndComing occurs
Coming occursafte r
afterthe
the
kingdom
kingdom
\ue001
\ue001Amil
Amil: There is no earthly kingdom.
: There is no earthly kingdom.
Excursus on
Excursus on
Postmillennialism
Postmillennialism
\ue000
\ue000Though postmillennialism largely died
Though postmillennialism largely died
out after WWI, it is making a comeback
out after WWI, it is making a comeback
among some former amillennialists.
among some former amillennialists.
Today it is also know as
Today it is also know as
"
"reconstructionism
reconstructionism" or "dominion
" or "dominion
theology.\u201c It became popularized in
theology.\u201c It became popularized in
recent years through the writings of R.J.
recent years through the writings of R.J.
Rushdoony
Rushdoonyand several of his followers.
and several of his followers.
This view believes that the millennium
This view believes that the millennium
will come through the preaching of the
will come through the preaching of the
gospel and the imposition of the Old
gospel and the imposition of the Old
Testament Law.
Testament Law.
Excursus on
Excursus on
Postmillennialism
Postmillennialism
\ue000
\ue000You may also hear the phrase
You may also hear the phrase
\u201c
\u201ctheonomic
theonomicpostmillennialism.\u201d
postmillennialism.\u201d
\ue000
\ue000Theonomy
Theonomy(meaning "law of God") sees
(meaning "law of God") sees
no distinction between the church and
no distinction between the church and
Israel and therefore believes the whole
Israel and therefore believes the whole
Mosaic structure is operative for today.
Mosaic structure is operative for today.
\ue000
\ue000Furthermore,
Furthermore,theonomists
theonomistsbelieve it is
believe it is
the duty of the church to bring civil
the duty of the church to bring civil
powers into subjection to God\u2019s law, with
powers into subjection to God\u2019s law, with
its precepts and penalties.
its precepts and penalties.
Excursus on
Excursus on
Postmillennialism
Postmillennialism
\ue000
\ue000Reconstructionist
ReconstructionistDavid Chilton writes:
David Chilton writes:
\ue000
\ue000"The entire Gentile world will be
"The entire Gentile world will be
converted to faith in Jesus Christ. The
converted to faith in Jesus Christ. The
mass of the Gentiles will come into the
mass of the Gentiles will come into the
covenant until the conversion of the
covenant until the conversion of the
Gentiles reaches the point of "fullness."
Gentiles reaches the point of "fullness."
\ue000
\ue000"As the gospel progresses throughout
"As the gospel progresses throughout
the world it will win, and win, and win,
the world it will win, and win, and win,
until all the kingdoms become the
until all the kingdoms become the
kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ:
kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ:
and He will reign forever and ever."
and He will reign forever and ever."
Critique of
Critique of
Reconstructionism
Reconstructionism
\ue000
\ue000Reconstructionism
Reconstructionismsuffers from the
suffers from the
same problem of amillennialism:
same problem of amillennialism:
adherence to an allegorical
adherence to an allegorical
hermeneutic.
hermeneutic.
\ue000
\ue000The law of Moses was given to the
The law of Moses was given to the
nation of Israel, not to the church.
nation of Israel, not to the church.
\ue000
\ue000The close of this present age will be
The close of this present age will be
marked by apostasy, not by the
marked by apostasy, not by the
triumphal success of the gospel.
triumphal success of the gospel.
Critique of
Critique of
Reconstructionism
Reconstructionism
\ue000
\ue000Reconstructionism
Reconstructionismstrives for
strives for
consistency in its approach. It takes
consistency in its approach. It takes
the mistaken understanding of the
the mistaken understanding of the
unity of the Church and Israel to its
unity of the Church and Israel to its
logical extreme.
logical extreme.
\ue000
\ue000If the church is Israel, then the laws
If the church is Israel, then the laws
of Israel should be enforced today.
of Israel should be enforced today.
Eschatology in Church
Eschatology in Church
History
History
\ue000
\ue000PATRISTIC ERA (A.D. 100
PATRISTIC ERA (A.D. 100-
-430)
430)
\ue001
\ue001The earliest Christians looked for three
The earliest Christians looked for three
things: (1) the return of Jesus Christ; (2) a
things: (1) the return of Jesus Christ; (2) a
cataclysmic end to the present age; and
cataclysmic end to the present age; and
(3) a bodily resurrection.
(3) a bodily resurrection.
\ue001
\ue001The early church fathers were
The early church fathers were
premillennial. They looked for a literal
premillennial. They looked for a literal
return of Christ to establish His
return of Christ to establish Hiskingodm
kingodm.
.
\ue001
\ue001Notable premillennialists in the early
Notable premillennialists in the early
church were
church werePapias
Papias(60
(60-
-130),
130),Irenaeus
Irenaeus
(130
(130-
-200), Justin Martyr (100
200), Justin Martyr (100-
-165), and
165), and
Tertullian
Tertullian(160
(160-
-225).
225).
Eschatology in Church
Eschatology in Church
History
History
\ue000
\ue000PATRISTIC ERA (A.D. 100
PATRISTIC ERA (A.D. 100-
-430)
430)
\ue001
\ue001Augustine (354
Augustine (354-
-430), who is often referred
430), who is often referred
to as 'the father of amillennialism,'
to as 'the father of amillennialism,'
abandoned
abandonedpr emillennialism
premillennialismbecause of
because of
what he considered to be the excesses
what he considered to be the excesses
and carnalities of this view. He also
and carnalities of this view. He also
interpreted Mark 3:27 to be a present
interpreted Mark 3:27 to be a present
binding of Satan.
binding of Satan.
\ue001
\ue001Augustine's book,
Augustine's book, City of God
City of God, was
, was
significant in the promotion and
significant in the promotion and
acceptance of amillennialism.
acceptance of amillennialism.
Eschatology in Church
Eschatology in Church
History
History
\ue000
\ue000MEDIEVAL ERA (430
MEDIEVAL ERA (430-
-1500)
1500)
\ue001
\ue001Augustinian amillennialism was the
Augustinian amillennialism was the
accepted view of the church during
accepted view of the church during
this period.
this period.
Eschatology in Church
Eschatology in Church
History
History
\ue000
\ue000REFORMATION ERA (1500
REFORMATION ERA (1500-
-1650)
1650)
\ue001
\ue001The primary reformers, including Martin
The primary reformers, including Martin
Luther (1483
Luther (1483-
-1546) and John Calvin (1509
1546) and John Calvin (1509-
-
1564), accepted the commonly held view
1564), accepted the commonly held view
of amillennialism.
of amillennialism.
\ue001
\ue001Luther was a historicist, holding that the
Luther was a historicist, holding that the
end
end-
-times prophecies of the Bible were
times prophecies of the Bible were
being fulfilled in his day. The early Luther
being fulfilled in his day. The early Luther
expected a mass conversion of the Jews.
expected a mass conversion of the Jews.
He also held that the pope was the anti
He also held that the pope was the anti-
-
Christ.
Christ.
Eschatology in Church
Eschatology in Church
History
History
\ue000
\ue000MODERN ERA (1650
MODERN ERA (1650-
-Present)
Present)
\ue001
\ue001Postmillennialism became popular in the
Postmillennialism became popular in the
eighteenth century. The beginnings of
eighteenth century. The beginnings of
modern postmillennialism are usually
modern postmillennialism are usually
associated with the works of Daniel
associated with the works of Daniel
Whitby
Whitby(1638
(1638-
-1726).
1726).
\ue001
\ue001Jonathan Edwards (1703
Jonathan Edwards (1703-
-1758) was a
1758) was a
postmillennialist who viewed the First
postmillennialist who viewed the First
Great Awakening as the beginning of the
Great Awakening as the beginning of the
millennium.
millennium.
Eschatology in Church
Eschatology in Church
History
History
\ue000
\ue000MODERN ERA (1650
MODERN ERA (1650-
-Present)
Present)
\ue001
\ue001Dispensationalism arose in the middle of
Dispensationalism arose in the middle of
the nineteenth century. John Nelson
the nineteenth century. John Nelson
Darby (1800
Darby (1800-
-82) is known as the "father of
82) is known as the "father of
dispensationalism." He: (1) systematized
dispensationalism." He: (1) systematized
dispensationalism by dividing history into
dispensationalism by dividing history into
dispensations; (2) taught two phases to
dispensations; (2) taught two phases to
Christ's coming
Christ's coming--
--a secret rapture and a
a secret rapture and a
visible coming; and (3) believed in a
visible coming; and (3) believed in a
future literal fulfillment of Old Testament
future literal fulfillment of Old Testament
promises with Israel.
promises with Israel.
Amillennialism
Amillennialism
(
(Preconsummationism
Preconsummationism)
)
Present Church Age
Second
Coming/Rapture
JESUS
Heaven
Dispensational Premillennialism
Dispensational Premillennialism

Present
Church
Age

3 \u00bd years
3 \u00bd years

Abomination of
Desolation
(Matt. 24:15; Mk
13:14; Lk 21:20; Dan.
9:27)

Millennial
Kingdom
1000 yrsFinal
Judgment
Eternal
State
JESUS
RAPTURE OF THE
CHURCH
Second
Coming
JESUS
Daniel\u2019s Seventieth Week
Historic Premillennialism
Historic Premillennialism

Present
Church
Age

Millennial
Kingdom
1000 yrs
Eternal
State

Second
Coming/
Rapture

JESUS
Tribulation
Seven Years
The Sections of Revelation
The Sections of Revelation
(Amillennialism)
(Amillennialism)
1-3
4-7
8-11 12-14 15-16 17-19 20-22

Each section recapitulates the present age. The Book of Revelation is not sequential. The break between Rev. 19 and Rev. 20 keeps the Second Coming from preceding the 1000 years.

Church Age
Tribulation - 7 years
1000 years Eternity
Rapture
Christ
Rev. 1
Churches
Rev. 2-3
First Half
Second Half
Seals
Rev. 6
Trumpets
Rev. 8-9
Bowls
Rev. 15-16
Millennium
Rev. 20
Eternal State
Rev. 21-22
Second Coming
Little Scroll Rev. 10
Two Witnesses Rev. 11
Woman & War Rev. 12
Two Beasts Rev. 13
Babylon & Christ\u2019s Return Rev. 17-19
Song & Sickle Rev. 14
144,000 Rev. 7
Throne & Book
Rev. 4-5
I
n
t
e
r
l
u
d
e
s
The Sections of Revelation (Dispensationalism)

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