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configurar ppp

configurar ppp

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C H A P T E R
Configuring PPP and Multilink PPP7-1
7
Configuring PPP and Multilink
PPP

This chapter describes how to con\ufb01gure the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) and Multilink PPP features that can be con\ufb01gured on the serial interfaces on a Cisco Optical Networking System (ONS) 15304. Before con\ufb01guring the synchronous serial interfaces, be sure the VC-12 Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) channels are drop-terminated and the DS-1 framers con\ufb01gured.

This chapter covers only the most common con\ufb01guration options as used within the
Cisco ONS 15304 application. For a complete description of the PPP commands in this
chapter, refer to the \u201cMedia-Independent PPP and Multilink PPP Commands\u201d chapter of
theDial Solutions Command Reference. To locate documentation of other commands that
appear in this chapter, use the command reference master index or search online.

A Cisco ONS 15304 supports up to 24 synchronous serial interfaces for which PPP and
Multilink-PPP can be used as the link layer protocol. Each of the 24 synchronous serial

interfaces operate at the \ufb01xed E1 rate of 2 Mbps. PPP is used when a link consists of a single synchronous serial channel. For higher-rate services (nxE1), Multilink-PPP is used to bond the individual serial channels together and provide the view of a single, integrated,

high-capacity channel. Unlike other Cisco products, the Cisco ONS 15304 supports only
PPP-based link layer protocols.
NoteHDLC framing can also be used if desired for special applications where PPP
features are not required.
Implementation Information
Cisco Optical Networking System 15304 Software Configuration Guide
7-2
Implementation Information

PPP, described in RFC 1661, encapsulates network layer protocol information over
point-to-point links. The current implementation of PPP supports option 3, authentication
using CHAP or PAP, option 4, Link Quality Monitoring, and option 5, Magic Number

con\ufb01guration options. The software always sends option 5 and negotiates for options 3 and
4 if so con\ufb01gured. All other options are rejected.

Magic Number support is available on all serial interfaces. PPP always attempts to
negotiate for Magic Numbers, which are used to detect looped-back lines. Depending on
how thedown-when-looped command is con\ufb01gured, the router might shut down a link if
it detects a loop.

The software provides the Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) and
Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) on serial interfaces running PPP encapsulation.
For detailed information about authentication, see theSecurity Con\ufb01guration Guide.

In the current Cisco ONS 15304 implementation, Multilink-PPP packet fragmentation is
not currently supported. Disabling fragmentation helps preserve packet processing
bandwidth.

PPP Con\ufb01guration Task List
To con\ufb01gure PPP on a serial interface, perform the following task in interface con\ufb01guration
mode:
\u2022Enable PPP Encapsulation
You can also complete the tasks in the following sections; these tasks are optional but offer
a variety of uses and enhancements for PPP on your systems and networks:

\u2022Enable CHAP or PAP Authentication
\u2022Enable Link Quality Monitoring (LQM)
\u2022Disable or Reenable Peer Neighbor Routes
\u2022Con\ufb01gure PPP Half-Bridging
\u2022Con\ufb01gure Multilink PPP
\u2022Monitor and Maintain PPP and MLP Interfaces

Configuring PPP and Multilink PPP7-3
Enable PPP Encapsulation
Enable PPP Encapsulation
You can enable PPP on serial lines to encapsulate IP and other network protocol datagrams.
Use the following command in interface con\ufb01guration mode:
PPP echo requests are used as keepalives to minimize disruptions to the end users of your
network. Theno keepalive command can be used to disable echo requests.
Enable CHAP or PAP Authentication
The PPP with CHAP authentication or Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) is often
used to inform the central site about which remote routers are connected to it.

With this authentication information, if the router or access server receives another packet
for a destination to which it is already connected, it does not place an additional call.
However, if the router or access server is using rotaries, it sends the packet out the correct
port.

CHAP and PAP were originally speci\ufb01ed in RFC 1334, and CHAP is updated in RFC 1994. These protocols are supported on synchronous and asynchronous serial interfaces. When using CHAP or PAP authentication, each router or access server identi\ufb01es itself by aname. This identi\ufb01cation process prevents a router from placing another call to a router to which it is already connected, and also prevents unauthorized access.

Access control using CHAP or PAP is available on all serial interfaces that use PPP
encapsulation. The authentication feature reduces the risk of security violations on your
router or access server. You can con\ufb01gure either CHAP or PAP for the interface.

NoteTo use CHAP or PAP, you must be running PPP encapsulation.
Command
Task
encapsulation ppp
Enable PPP encapsulation.

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