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Aditya Hrudayam & its meaning

Aditya Hrudayam & its meaning

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(Aditya Hrudayam)
A Hymn to Sun God.
(Sage Agsthya\u2019s dictates to Lord Rama in the battle field)
(Word to word meaning of the cantos)
1. Tato yuddha pari srantam Samare Cintaya Sthitami
Ravanam Cagrato drustva yuddhaya Samupasthitam ||

Tato yuddha parisrantam = At that battle ground; Samare cintaya sthitam = with great worry engulfing in the battle; Ravanam cagrato drustva = Gazing at Ravana with Single minded attention; yuddhaya Samupasthitam = Having prepared to fight.

Seeing Sri Rama Standing absorbed in thought at the battle field, exhausted
by the fight and facing Ravana who was duly prepared for the war.
2. Daivataisca Samagamya drastu = mabhyagatoranam |
Upagamyabra Vidrama magastyo bhagavanrsih ||

Daiva taisca Samagamya = Came along with the Devas to witness the war; Drastu mabhyagatoranam = Seen Rama depressed; upagamyabra-vidrama = Met him alone; Agasthyo Bhagavan = The Cosmic Rsi Agasthya.

The all knowing cosmic Sage Agastya who had come with Gods to witness the
battle, approaching Sri Rama Singly spoke to him thus.
3. Rama Rama Mahabaho srunu guhyam Sanatanam |
Yena Sarva Nareehnvatsa Samare Vijayisyasi ||

Rama Rama Mahabaho = Addressing the elegant armed Rama; Srunu guhyam Sanatanam = Hear the most secret and ancient; Samare Vijaisyasi = Will win in the war.

\u2018O\u2019 Rama, \u2018O\u2019 Mighty elegant armed Rama, listen to the eternal secret by
which, \u2018O\u2019 my child, you shall conquer all your enemier on the battle field.
4. Aditya Hrudayam punyam Sarva satru Vinasanam |
Jayavaham Japet Nityam Akshyayyam paramam sivam ||

Aditya hrudayam punyam = The meditation of Sun in the heart highly beneficial; Sarva Satruvinasanam = Destroyer of all enemies, Jayavaham = Ensures Victory at all times; Japetnnityam = To the one who to be meditated always; Akshayam paramam sivam = The indestructible and bestows permanent happiness.

It is Aditya hrudayam which is holy, destroyer of all enemies, bestower of
victory, eternal and supremely blessed, and must be recited always.
5. Sarva mangala Mangalyam Sarva papa pranasanam |
Cintasoka prasamanam Ayurvardhanamuttamam ||

Sarva mangala mangalyam = Most favourable among the auspicious ones; Sarvapapa pranasanam = All Sims destroyed; Cinta Soka prasamanam = Removes worries and subdues sorrows; Ayurvardhanam = Enhances longevity; uttamam = the best; Nityam Japet = To be meditated every day.

It is the blessing of all blessings, destroyer of all sins, allayer of anxiety and
anguish and bestower of longevity.
6. Rasmimantam Samudyantam Devasura Namaskrutam |
Pujayasva Vivasvantam bhaskaram bhuvariesvaram ||

Rasmi mantam = Having golden hue warm rays; Samudyantam = Rising an all sides properly and appearing well; Devasura namaskrutam = Being worshipped by Devas and Danavas; Vivasvantam = By his light encircling the lights of the solar logos; Bhaskaram = grants light to Surya, Candra, Agni; pujayasva = Fit to be worshipped, Bhuvaneswaram = Lord of the world.

7. Sarva Devatmako hyesa Tejasvee rasmibhavanah |
Esa Devasura ganam lokan pati gabhastibhih ||

Sarva devatmanah = Being the embodiment of all gods; Tejasvi = Having the immense illumination that subdues the light of all others; Esah = This person; Gabhastibhih = With the rays; Devasuraganan = The groups of Devas and Rakshasas; pati = protects.

Indeed he is the embodiment of all Gods. He is Self luminous, and is the sustainer of all the worlds as well as the host of Gods and demons by his Rays (which nourish and energise).

8. Esa brahmaca Visnusca Sivah Skandah prajpatih |
Mahendro dhanadah kalo Yamah Somo hyapam patih ||

Esa = He; Brahmaca = The creator; Visnusca = God of permeater; Sivah = The destroyer; Skandah = God of secretion (Kumara Svami); Prajapatih = The lord of creation; Mahendrah = Devendra, god of Devas; Dhanadah = Kubera (the lord of wealth); Kalah = In charge of time (Kala purusa) Yamah = Yama (God of death); Somah = Candra (Moon); Apampatih = Varuna (Rain God)

In deed he is Brahma (the creator), Visnu = (the Sustainer), Siva = (the destroyer) Skanda \u2013 (the son of Lord Siva, Prajapati = the lord of creation, the mighty Indra = (the king of Gods) Kubera = (the god of wealth), Kala = the lord of time, Yama = the Lord of death, soma = the moon, God that nourishes and varuna = the lord of waters.

9.
Pitaro
Vasavah
Sadhya
hyasvino
maruto
manuh
|
Vayur Vahnih praja pranah rutu Karta prabhakarah ||

Pitarah =Lord of Reproduction (pitru Devas) Vasavah = The eight Vasus; Sadhyah = The twelve Sadhyas (In charge of manifestation)l Asvinou = Two Asvini Kumars; Marutah = Groups of Martas (who vibrates); Manuh = Vaiva svata manu; Vayuh = Air; Vahnih = Fire; Praja pranah = The bestower of life to people; Rutu

karta = The ordainer of the seasons like vasanta, saradrutu etc.; Prabhakarah =
bestows fame and name i.e. Aditya.

In deed he is pitrs, the eight Vasus, the Sadhyas, the twin Aswins (physicians of Gods), the Maruts, the Manu, the wind God, the fire God, the Life breath of the universe, the maker of six seasons and the store house of light.

Adityah
Savita
Suryah
pusa
gabhastiman
|
Suvarna Sadruso bhanuh hemareto Divakarah ||

Aditah = Son of Aditi, Savita = Surya; Suryah = Inspirer of senses; Khagah = Identified his way in Logos; Pusa = The nourisher; Gabhastiman = possessor of rays, suvarna Sadrusah = Having golden hue; Hemaretah = Having the fertility as golden light; Divakarah = The bestower of day light.

He is the Son of Aditi, the progenitor (of all) the Sun God (the inspirer of action) the Courser in the heavens, the nourisher of all, the possessor of rays (the golden) the brilliant, the seed of the universe and the maker of the day

.
Haridasvah
Sahastrarcih
sapta
\u2013
Saptiriciman
|
Timironmahah Sambhuhtvasta Marttanda Amsuman ||

Haridasvah = Having green horses; Sahasracih = Having thousand rays; Sapa Saptih = possessing seven horses drawn with chariot; Mariciman = Vibrating with his rays; Timiron mathah = Dispeller of darkness (ignorance); Sambhuh = Giver of happiness; Tvasta = makes all forms dwindle; Martandah = Born from the shape of lifeless egg (perishable nature); Amsuman = Having radiating rays.

He has seven green horses (yoked to his Chariot), is of myriad \u2013 rayed, full of rays, the destroyer of darkness, the source of happiness, mitigator of the sufferings and is the infuser of life in the cosmic egg, having rays.

12.
Hiranyagarbhah
sisira
stapano
bhaskaro
ravih
|
Agnigarbho diteh putrah Sankhah Sisira nasanah ||

Hiranya garbhah = With golden womb; Sisirah = cooled one; Tapanah = Making one tremble; Bhaskarah = The illuminator; Ravih = The creator (Ravi); Agni garbhah = Having the Conch; Sisiranasanah = Destroyer of snow fall and fog.

He is Hiranyagarbha (Store house of riches); Sirsirastapana, illuminator, Ravi, bearer of the fire, (of dissolution in his womb), Son of Aditi, blissful, and the destroyer of the cold (or evilmindedness)

13. Vyomanatha starmobhedi Rugyajuh Samaparagah |
Ghanavrustirapam mitro vindhyavithi plavangamah||

Vyomanatha = The lord of the cosmos; Tamobhedi = Drives away darkness and institutes light; Rugyajussama paragah = One who has visualised the three vedas Rig, Yaju and Sama; Ghana Vrustih = One showers abundant rains; Apammitrah = Friend of waters; Vindhya Vithi plavangamah = one who travels in the direction South of Vindhyas.

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