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Published by: api-3771584 on Oct 16, 2008
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L\u1eacP TR\u00ccNH GIA C\u00d4NG CHO M\u00c1Y CNC
B\u1eb0NG PH\u01af\u01a0NG PH\u00c1P CHI\u1ebeU H\u00ccNH
TRONG PH\u1ea6N M\u1ec0M MASTERCAM 9.1

NG\u00d4 T\u1ea4N TH\u1ed0NG - TR\u1ea6N QU\u1ed0C VI\u1ec6T
Tr\u01b0\u1eddng Cao \u0111\u1eb3ng C\u00f4ng Ngh\u1ec7, \u0110\u1ea1i h\u1ecdc \u0110\u00e0 N\u1eb5ng
T\u00d3M T\u1eaeT

B\u00e0i b\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng CNC \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t, ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p chi\u1ebfu h\u00ecnh trong ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m Mastercam 9.1. Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u00e1p d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u1ec3 vi\u1ebft ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng cho c\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u00f3 bi\u00ean d\u1ea1ng ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p.

This paper presents a special programming for CNC by a projection method of Mastercam 9.1
software. This method is used to write programs which can process complicated details.
1. \u0110\u1eb7t v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1

Trong nh\u1eefng n\u0103m g\u1ea7n \u0111\u00e2y, s\u1ef1 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n nhanh ch\u00f3ng c\u1ee7a khoa h\u1ecdc k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt \u0111\u00e3 th\u00fac \u0111\u1ea9y c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t t\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ed9ng ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n theo. Trong l\u0129nh v\u1ef1c c\u01a1 kh\u00ed ch\u1ebf t\u1ea1o, s\u1ef1 ra \u0111\u1eddi c\u1ee7a m\u00e1y c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n b\u1eb1ng ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh s\u1ed1 v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 tr\u1ee3 gi\u00fap c\u1ee7a m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, g\u1ecdi t\u1eaft l\u00e0 m\u00e1y CNC, \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0a ng\u00e0nh c\u01a1 kh\u00ed ch\u1ebf t\u1ea1o sang m\u1ed9t th\u1eddi k\u1ef3 m\u1edbi, th\u1eddi k\u1ef3 s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea1i.

H\u1ea7u h\u1ebft c\u00e1c khu c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p \u1edf n\u01b0\u1edbc ta hi\u1ec7n nay \u00edt nhi\u1ec1u \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c b\u1ed1 tr\u00ed c\u00e1c m\u00e1y c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 CNC \u0111\u1ec3 ph\u1ee5c v\u1ee5 s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t, bao g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i m\u00e1y Phay, Ti\u1ec7n, B\u00e0o, M\u00e0i, Khoan... c\u00f3 s\u1ed1 tr\u1ee5c \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n 2, 3, 4, 5. Nh\u01b0ng c\u00e1c c\u01a1 s\u1edf s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t h\u1ea7u nh\u01b0 ch\u01b0a bi\u1ebft c\u00e1ch khai th\u00e1c h\u1ebft kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng gia c\u00f4ng tr\u00ean m\u00e1y. L\u00fd do ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu l\u00e0 tr\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh c\u1ee7a c\u00e1n b\u1ed9 k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u00f2n y\u1ebfu, c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n m\u00e1y CNC \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ng\u01b0\u1eddi l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh vi\u1ebft b\u1eb1ng tay, ch\u01b0a bi\u1ebft s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u00e1c ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 \u0111\u1ec3 l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh.

\u1ee8ng d\u1ee5ng c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 CAD/CAM ph\u1ee5c v\u1ee5 cho m\u00e1y c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 CNC l\u00e0 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nhi\u1ec1u ng\u01b0\u1eddi quan t\u00e2m, b\u1edfi c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 n\u00e0y kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 ph\u1ee5c v\u1ee5 trong s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea1i, m\u00e0 c\u00f2n g\u00f3p ph\u1ea7n n\u00e2ng cao n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t ch\u1ebf t\u1ea1o s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m gia c\u00f4ng c\u01a1 kh\u00ed. Ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m gia c\u00f4ng c\u01a1 kh\u00ed kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 l\u00e0 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ed9 b\u1ec1n, \u0111\u1ed9 b\u00f3ng b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t, m\u00e0 c\u00f2n bao h\u00e0m c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ed9 ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c v\u1ec1 v\u1ecb tr\u00ed t\u01b0\u01a1ng quan, \u0111\u1ed9 ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c h\u00ecnh d\u00e1ng h\u00ecnh h\u1ecdc c\u1ee7a chi ti\u1ebft gia c\u00f4ng. \u0110\u1ec3 ch\u1ebf t\u1ea1o \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u1eefng s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u01a1 kh\u00ed c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ee7 nh\u1eefng t\u00ednh n\u0103ng nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi ch\u00fang ta hi\u1ec7n nay c\u00f2n nhi\u1ec1u kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n, ch\u00ednh v\u00ec v\u1eady m\u00e0 h\u1ea7u h\u1ebft c\u00e1c s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u01a1 kh\u00ed ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p v\u00e0 c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c cao, hi\u1ec7n nay ch\u00fang ta ph\u1ea3i nh\u1eadp ngo\u1ea1i v\u1edbi gi\u00e1 cao.

Qua nh\u1eefng ph\u00e2n t\u00edch tr\u00ean, n\u00ean vi\u1ec7c ph\u1ed5 bi\u1ebfn ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m CAD/CAM - Mastercam 9.1, ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 cho vi\u1ec7c l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng tr\u00ean m\u00e1y c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 CNC - cho c\u00e1c c\u00e1n b\u1ed9 k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt l\u00e0 \u0111i\u1ec1u c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft. V\u1edbi m\u1ee5c \u0111\u00edch \u0111\u00f3, ch\u00fang t\u00f4i mu\u1ed1n gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u m\u1ed9t ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng CNC \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t trong ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m Mastercam 9.1, l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng c\u00e1c chi ti\u1ebft c\u00f3 bi\u00ean d\u1ea1ng ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p, th\u00f4ng qua m\u1ed9t b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t \u1ea3o, b\u1eb1ng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p chi\u1ebfu h\u00ecnh.

2. C\u01a1 s\u1edf l\u00fd thuy\u1ebft

Ng\u00e0y nay, nhi\u1ec1u ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m \u0111\u1ed3 h\u1ecda ph\u1ee5c v\u1ee5 trong l\u0129nh v\u1ef1c thi\u1ebft k\u1ebf 3 chi\u1ec1u, m\u00f4 ph\u1ecfng chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng, h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng tr\u00ean m\u00e1y c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 CNC l\u1ea7n l\u01b0\u1ee3t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u \u1edf c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n nh\u01b0: Mastercam, Solid Work, Cimatron, Catia, Pro/Engineer, Unigrafic... C\u00e1c ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m ti\u1ec7n \u00edch n\u00e0y c\u0169ng \u0111\u00e3 c\u00f3 m\u1eb7t \u1edf Vi\u1ec7t Nam. \u0110\u00e2y l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m r\u1ea5t m\u1ea1nh, cho ph\u00e9p ch\u00fang ta nhanh ch\u00f3ng thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1c b\u1ea3n v\u1ebd 2D, 3D c\u1ee7a chi ti\u1ebft m\u00e1y v\u00e0 cho ph\u00e9p t\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ed9ng chuy\u1ec3n m\u00e3 ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng tr\u00ean m\u00e1y c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 CNC.

Ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m Mastercam 9.1 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t trong s\u1ed1 ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m m\u1ea1nh nh\u1ea5t, cho ph\u00e9p t\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u1eadn \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u00e1c m\u00e1y c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 CNC, sau khi ch\u00fang ta thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp b\u1ea3n v\u1ebd c\u1ee7a chi ti\u1ebft m\u00e1y, ch\u1ecdn ph\u00f4i, v\u1eadt li\u1ec7u, dao c\u1ee5 v\u00e0 ki\u1ec3u ch\u1ea1y dao. Trong ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m Mastercam 9.1 c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t module \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t, module Project, cho ph\u00e9p ch\u00fang ta d\u1ec5 d\u00e0ng l\u1eadp c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh CNC gia c\u00f4ng c\u00e1c chi ti\u1ebft c\u00f3 bi\u00ean d\u1ea1ng ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p tr\u00ean c\u00e1c b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t kh\u00e1c nhau. B\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch ch\u00fang ta v\u1ebd \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng tr\u00ean m\u1ed9t m\u1eb7t \u1ea3o, th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0 m\u1eb7t ph\u1eb3ng, l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t \u1ea3o, sau \u0111\u00f3 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng module Project \u0111\u1ec3 chuy\u1ec3n th\u00e0nh ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng CNC c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c, l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t m\u1eb7t ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p. Ch\u00fang t\u00f4i t\u1ea1m g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng tr\u00ean h\u00ecnh chi\u1ebfu, ho\u1eb7c ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p chi\u1ebfu h\u00ecnh.

L\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p chi\u1ebfu h\u00ecnh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n nh\u01b0 sau:
- X\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c (surfaces), l\u00e0 b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p, tr\u00ean \u0111\u00f3 s\u1ebd ch\u1ee9a c\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng
c\u1ea7n gia c\u00f4ng (l\u00e0 h\u00ecnh kh\u1ed1i c\u00f3 bi\u00ean d\u1ea1ng ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p), ta g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u1ef1c.
- X\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t \u1ea3o, th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0 m\u1eb7t ph\u1eb3ng, v\u1ebd \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ea7n gia c\u00f4ng tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t \u1ea3o,
ch\u00ednh l\u00e0 h\u00ecnh chi\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u1ef1c tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c l\u00ean b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t \u1ea3o, ta g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u1ea3o.

- S\u1eed d\u1ee5ng module Project trong ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m Mastercam 9.1 \u0111\u1ec3 l\u1eadp ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u1ea3o tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t ph\u1eb3ng \u1ea3o. Ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m s\u1ebd t\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ed9ng chuy\u1ec3n th\u00e0nh ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n m\u00e1y CNC, gia c\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u1ef1c tr\u00ean b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c.

3. K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 v\u00e0 b\u00e0n lu\u1eadn

- Ch\u00fang t\u00f4i \u0111\u00e3 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng module Project trong ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m Mastercam 9.1 \u0111\u1ec3 l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh v\u00e0 gia c\u00f4ng th\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng c\u00e1c bi\u1ec3u t\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u00f3 h\u00ecnh d\u1ea1ng ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t c\u1ea7u l\u00f5m, m\u1eb7t c\u1ea7u l\u1ed3i, m\u1eb7t tr\u1ee5 l\u00f5m, m\u1eb7t tr\u1ee5 l\u1ed3i, v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 bi\u1ec3u t\u01b0\u1ee3ng, ch\u1eef n\u1ed5i tr\u00ean b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c chi ti\u1ebft m\u00e1y th\u1ef1c.

- \u0110\u1ec3 l\u00e0m v\u00ed d\u1ee5, ch\u00fang t\u00f4i xin tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y c\u00e1c b\u01b0\u1edbc l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh CNC \u0111\u1ec3 gia c\u00f4ng bi\u1ec3u t\u01b0\u1ee3ng
"\u0110\u1ea7u ch\u00f3 Mike" tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t c\u1ea7u l\u00f5m:

+ S\u1eed d\u1ee5ng module Mastercam Design 9.1 \u0111\u1ec3 v\u1ebd kh\u1ed1i b\u00e1n c\u1ea7u d\u1ea1ng 3D, trong \u0111\u00f3 c\u00f3 m\u1eb7t c\u1ea7u l\u00f5m (b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c); v\u1ebd h\u00ecnh "\u0110\u1ea7u ch\u00f3 Mike" (\u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u1ea3o) tr\u00ean h\u00ecnh tr\u00f2n, \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 h\u00ecnh chi\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u1ef1c, H\u00ecnh 1.

+ S\u1eed d\u1ee5ng module Mastercam Mill 9.1 \u0111\u1ec3 l\u1eadp ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng tr\u00ean m\u00e1y Phay
CNC, x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ea1y dao tr\u00ean \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u1ea3o.

+ S\u1eed d\u1ee5ng module Project \u0111\u1ec3 chi\u1ebfu \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ea1y dao l\u00ean b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c, ch\u00fang ta s\u1ebd nh\u1eadn \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh CNC gia c\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u1ef1c tr\u00ean b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t th\u1ef1c, x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ea1y dao tr\u00ean \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u1ef1c, H\u00ecnh 2.

+ Sau khi l\u00e0m m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 th\u1ee7 t\u1ee5c c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft, ch\u00fang ta nh\u1eadn \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng vi\u1ebft b\u1eb1ng m\u00e3 l\u1ec7nh M-G Code, ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh g\u1ed3m h\u01a1n 3200 c\u00e2u l\u1ec7nh. Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh (tr\u00edch \u0111o\u1ea1n \u0111\u1ea7u v\u00e0 \u0111o\u1ea1n k\u1ebft th\u00fac) \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y \u1edf B\u1ea3ng 1.

- Ch\u00fang t\u00f4i \u0111\u00e3 ti\u1ebfn h\u00e0nh l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh gia c\u00f4ng h\u00ecnh "\u0110\u1ea7u ch\u00f3 Mike" tr\u00ean m\u00e1y Phay CNC 3D, v\u00e0 m\u00e1y Phay CNC 5D. H\u00ecnh \u1ea3nh ch\u1ea1y m\u00f4 ph\u1ecfng tr\u00ean m\u00e1y t\u00ednh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y tr\u00ean H\u00ecnh 3 v\u00e0 H\u00ecnh 4.

- Qua v\u00ed d\u1ee5 c\u1ee5 th\u1ec3 tr\u00ean, ch\u00fang t\u00f4i nh\u1eadn th\u1ea5y:
+ L\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh b\u1eb1ng tay \u0111\u1ec3 gia c\u00f4ng bi\u1ec3u t\u01b0\u1ee3ng "\u0110\u1ea7u ch\u00f3 Mike" tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t c\u1ea7u l\u00f5m, l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t
c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c r\u1ea5t kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n. Nh\u1eefng chuy\u00ean vi\u00ean l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh gi\u1ecfi c\u0169ng kh\u00f3 vi\u1ebft ho\u00e0n ch\u1ec9nh.
\u0110\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u1ea3o

\u0110\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u1eadt
s\u1ebd n\u1eb1m tr\u00ean
m\u1eb7t c\u1ea7u l\u1ed3i

\u0110\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ea1y dao
sau khi chi\u1ebfu
+ N\u1ebfu d\u00f9ng c\u00e1c ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m th\u00f4ng th\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u1ec3 h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh CNC, th\u00ec vi\u1ec7c v\u1ebd bi\u1ec3u
t\u01b0\u1ee3ng tr\u00ean m\u1eb7t c\u1ea7u l\u00f5m, ch\u1ecdn \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ea1y dao \u0111\u1ec3 l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh c\u0169ng g\u1eb7p r\u1ea5t kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n.
+ N\u1ebfu s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng module Project h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 th\u00ec vi\u1ec7c l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh tr\u1edf n\u00ean \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n h\u01a1n nhi\u1ec1u.
+ V\u1edbi c\u00e1ch n\u00e0y ch\u00fang ta c\u00f2n l\u1eadp tr\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ec3 gia c\u00f4ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u1eefng bi\u1ec3u t\u01b0\u1ee3ng ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p
H\u00ecnh 1: X\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng m\u1eb7t th\u1eadt v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u1ea3o.
H\u00ecnh 2: X\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ea1y dao tr\u00ean \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u1ea3o; \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ea1y dao sau khi chi\u1ebfu.

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