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Mango

Mango

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Published by draculavanhelsing
Mangifera indica
Mangifera indica

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on Oct 17, 2011
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12/31/2014

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In brIef
Distribution
A ric nd subric regins.
Size
Reces eigs  15–30 m (50–100 ); cuied reesre usu 3–10 m (10–33 ) ig wen mure.
Habitat
Grws rm se ee  1200 m (3950 ) in riciudes; weer, ms cmmerci rieies re grwn be-w 600 m (1950 ); rin 400–3600 mm (16–140 in), ruisbes wi  we dened winer dr erid.
 Vegetation
Grws wi  wide rnge  cuied secies.
Soils
eres  rnge  sis; im H 5.5–7.5.
Growth rate
Fs, >1.5 m/r (5 /r) in ide cndiins.
Main agroorestry uses
Hmegrdens, sisure.
Main uses
Frui, ring, medicin, imber.
 Yields
ic, ieds re en ess  5 m/ (2.2 /c)bu cn rec 20–30 m/ (9–13.5 /c); singe rees cn r-duce 200–300 kg (440–660 b)  rui in e cring ers nd s w s 5 kg (11 b) in bd ers.
Intercropping 
mibe wi er simir igrussecies, s we s nim grzing.
Invasive potential
N n ggressie insie secies.
    p    h    o     t    o    :    I .    S .    E .    B     a    l    l    y
Species Proles or Pacic Island Agroorestry  www.traditionaltree.org 
Ari 2006 er. 3.1
 
 Mangifera indica
(mango)
IntroductIon
Mngs beng  e genus
 Mangiera
 e mi An-crdicee
.
  Te genus
 Mangiera
cnins seer secies ber edibe rui. Ms  e rui rees  re cm-mn knwn s mngs beng  e secies
 Mangieraindica
. Te er edibe
 Mangiera
secies gener ewer qui rui nd re cmmn reerred  s widmngs.Mng
 
s becme nurized nd ded rugue rics nd subrics. Muc  e sred nd nu-rizin s ccurred in cnjuncin wi e sred  umn uins, nd s suc, e mng s n im-rn r in e die nd cuisine  mn dierse cuures. Tere re er 1000 nmed mng rieies rugu e wrd, wic is  esmen  eir ue  umnkind.Mng is  cmmn grden ree rugu e rics. Wen rie, is deicius desser rui is ricur igin imin A. Te rui is s een green, rcessed inickes, us, jms, nd cunes, nd is rzen r dried. Te rui is s n imrn surce  susennce r birds,bs, insecs, nd mmms.Aug grwn wide, mngs reer  wrm, rs-reecime wi  we dened winer dr sesn. Rin ndig umidi during wering nd rui deemenreduces rui ieds. Te ree gener wers in mid- e winer, wi rui muring in e er  mid-sum-mer mns. Mng rees re usu beween 3 nd 10 m(10–33 )  bu cn rec u  30 m (100 ) in smeres siuins. Te cn is eergreen wi  gener sreding bi. Te e cn  e mng is  surce seer nd sde r b nims nd umns.Mngs re we ded  cuiin nd e beengrwn cmmerci r cenuries. d, mngs re rec-gnized nd een rugu e wrd nd re regrdeds ne  e ms ur nd eseemed ric ruis.
dIStrIbutIon
Native range
 Te genus
 Mangiera
rigines in ric Asi, wi egrees number  secies und in rne, J, umr,nd e M Peninsu. Te ms-cuied
 Mangiera
secies,
 M. indica
(mng), s is rigins in ndi ndMnmr.
Current distribution
Mng is nw cuied rugu e ric nd sub-ric wrd r cmmerci rui rducin, s  grdenree, nd s  sde ree r sck. n e Pcic regin, mngs were inrduced rm er rs  e wrd. Te eries recrded inrducins in Hwi‘i were rir 1825; weer, ms inrducins  e Pcic isndse ccurred er e s 100 ers. Few er
 Mangiera
 secies re und in e Pcic.
 Mangiera gedebe 
,
 M. minor 
,nd
 M.
 
mucronulata
re und in e mn snds nd
 M. minor 
in Micrnesi, bu ese eier d n rui r erui is inedibe.
Mango ruits o the world.
photo: I. S. E. Bally 
 
 
Species Proles or Pacic Island Agroorestry ( www.traditionaltree.org)
botAnIcAL deScrIPtIon
Preerred scientic name and author 
 Mangiera indica
L.
Family 
Ancrdicee (csew mi)
Non-preerred scientic names
 Mangiera amba
Frssk.
 M.
 
anisodora
nc
 M. arbor 
nii
 M.
 
austroindica
Kserm.
 M. balba
Gen.
 M. domestica
Gern.
 M.
 
equina
Gen.
 M.
 
 ragrans
Ming 
 M. gladiata
j.
 M.
 
kukula
ume
 M. integriolia
Gen.
 M. linnaei 
Kr.
 M. maritima
Lecume.
 M.
 
mekongensis
nn.
 M.
 
montana
Hebe
 M.
 
oryza
Gen.
 M. racemosa
j.
 M.
 
rostrata
nc
 M. rubra
j.
 M.
 
sativa
Rem. & cu.
 M.
 
siamensis
Wrb.
 M.
 
sugenda
Gen.
 M.
 
sylvatica
Rxb.
 M.
 
viridis
j.
Common names
Mngs e been grwn rugu e ric nd sub-ric wrd r usnds  ers nd e becme ninegr r  mn cuures. Te mn dieren nmesr mng rund e wrd d reec e cuures ndnguges sken b ee w grw em. Mn  enmes e cmmn deriins, reecing e rigins ndsred  e mng ree ng wi e sred  umncmmuniies. Te mre ur nmes r mng rui ine Pcic nd Asi re ised bew wi e cunries rnguges rm wic e cme.
Pacic island names:
idele 
(Pu)
kangit 
(uuk, Pnei)
mago
(Niue, m, uu)
manako
(Hwi‘i)
manggo
,
am
(Fiji)
mangko
(Kiribi)
mango
(ngis)
mango
(ng)
mangot 
,
mangue 
,
manguier 
(Frenc)
mangueira
(Y)
Common names rom other regions include:
aam
,
am
,
amb
(Hindi)
ampleam
(mi)
bobbie 
 
manja
,
kanjanna
 
manja
,
maggo
,
manggaboom
,
manja
 (Duc)
ma muang 
(ndcin)
mamung 
(Tind)
manga
,
mango
(nis)
manga
, (Pruguese)
manga
,
mempelam
,
ampelam
(Msi)
mangga
(gg)
mangga
,
mempelam
(ndnesi)
mango
(kn)
mango
(New Guine, Pidgin)
 Mangobaum
(Germn)
mwàngx
(Ls)
 paho
(is) (Piiines)
svaay
(mbdi)
tharyetthi 
(Mnmr)
xoài 
(Vienm)
Size
Mngs re ng-ied eergreen rees  cn receigs  15–30 m (50–100 ). Ms cuied mngrees re beween 3 nd 10 m (10–33 )  wen u m-ure, deending n e rie nd e mun  runing. Wid, nn-cuied seeding rees en rec 15 m (50 ) wen und in rbe cimes, nd e cn rec 30 m(100 ) in res siuins. Te rees cn ie r er 100 ers nd dee runk girs  er 4 m (13 ).
Canopy 
Mng rees ic brnc 0.6–2 m (2–6.5 ) be egrund nd dee n eergreen, dme-sed cn.Vribii in cn se nd enness ccurs mng rieies nd wi cmeiin rm er rees. Mngsgrwn in ei resed res brnc muc iger nsir rees nd e n umbre-ike rm.
Roots
 Te mng s  ng r  en brnces jusbew grund ee, rming beween w nd ur mjrncring rs  cn rec 6 m (20 ) dwn  e wer be. Te mre brus ner rs (eeder rs) re

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