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Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF SYMBOLS
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Pelton turbine
1.2 Francis turbine
1.3 Kaplan turbine
1.4 Definition of a small hydroelectric power plant
1.5 Waterpower in Finland
1.6 The price of electricity in Finland
2 ASSIGNMENT OF TASKS
2.1 List of requirements
3 Variation matrix
3.1 Selection
4 CALCULATION OF THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS
4.1 Power
4.2 Speed of the turbine
4.2.1 Specific speed
4.3 Runner diameter section
4.4 Hub diameter
4.5 Blade characteristics of some different heads and discharges
5 CAVITATION
6 DESIGN OF THE BLADE
6.1 Distortion of the blade under ideal circumstances
6.2 The “Tragflügeltheorie”
6.2.1 Procedure
7 CALCULATION OF THE FORCES
7.1 Tangential force
7.2 Axial force
7.3 Resulting force
7.4 Hydraulic moment
7.5 Centrifugal force
7.6 Weight of the blade
8 CRITICAL SPEED
9 STRESS ANALYSES
9.1 Axle
9.2.1 Bending
9.2.2 Torsion
9.3 Pivot
9.3.1 Contact pressure
9.3.2 Torsion
9.3.3 Bending
9.4 Lever
9.4.1 Bending
9.4.2 Shear
9.4.3 Contact pressure
9.5.2 Stress calculation of the links eye
9.6 Crosshead
9.7 Bolt
9.7.1 Bending
9.7.2 Shear
9.7.3 Contact pressure
9.8 Shaft
9.9 Hub
10 CALCULATION OF THE SCREWS
10.1 Screw connection of the lever and the pivot
10.2 Screw connection between the blade and the pivot
10.3 Screw connection between the upper and the middle hub
11 EXPLANATION OF THE RUNNER DESIGN
12 ASSEMBLING
13 CONCLUSION
14 APPENDIX
14.1 Calculation of the mains characteristics
14.1.1 Power
14.1.2 Rational speed
14.1.3 Runaway speed
14.1.4 Runner diameter
14.1.5 Hub diameter
14.2 Cavitation
14.3 Design of the blade
14.3.1 Velocities and the angles angle of distortion (180°-β∞)
14.3.2 Calculation of the blade characteristics
14.4 Calculation of the forces
14.4.1 Tangential force
14.4.2 Axial force
14.4.3 Resulting force
14.4.4 Hydraulic moment
14.4.5 Centrifugal force
14.5 Critical speed
14.6 Stress analysis
14.6.1 Axle
14.6.2 Blade
14.6.3 Pivot
14.6.4 Lever
14.6.5 Link
14.6.6 Crosshead
14.6.7 Bolt
14.6.8 Shaft
14.7 Calculation of the screws
14.7.1 Screw connection of the lever and the pivot
14.7.2 Screw connection of pivot and flange
14.7.3 Screw connection between the upper and the middle hub
14.8 Drawings
14.9 Tables
15 REFERENCES
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Design of the Runner of Kaplan Turbine for Small Hydroelectric Power Plants

Design of the Runner of Kaplan Turbine for Small Hydroelectric Power Plants

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Published by: cyrus_raghaghi on Oct 17, 2011
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06/13/2013

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