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Published by api-3772150

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Published by: api-3772150 on Oct 16, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c cung c\u1ea5p t\u1ea1i Website :www. moi tru o n g.co. n r
B\u1ea3n quy\u1ec1n thu\u1ed9c v\u1ec1 H\u1ed9i Thi\u00ean Nhi\u00ean v\u00e0
B\u1ea3o v\u1ec7 M\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng Vi\u1ec7t Nam
T\u00c0I NGUY\u00caN\u0110\u1ea4T V\u00c0C\u00c1C QU\u00c1TR\u00ccNH CH\u00cdNHTRONG\u0110\u1ea4T
Vi\u1ec7t Nam - m\u1ed9t trong nh\u1eefng qu\u1ed1c gia khan hi\u1ebfm \u0111\u1ea5t tr\u00ean th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi
Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u00f3 di\u1ec7n t\u00edch t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean kho\u1ea3ng 33.000.000ha, trong \u0111\u00f3, di\u1ec7n
t\u00edch s\u00f4ng su\u1ed1i v\u00e0 n\u00fai\u0111\u00e1 kho\u1ea3ng 1.370.100ha (chi\u1ebfm kho\u1ea3ng 4,16% di\u1ec7n t\u00edch
\u0111\u1ea5tt\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean), ph\u1ea7n \u0111\u1ea5t li\u1ec1n kho\u1ea3ng 31,2 tri\u1ec7u ha (chi\u1ebfm kho\u1ea3ng 94,5% di\u1ec7n

t\u00edch t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean), x\u1ebfp h\u00e0ng th\u1ee9 58 trong t\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 200 n\u01b0\u1edbc tr\u00ean th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi, nh\u01b0ng v\u00ec d\u00e2n s\u1ed1 \u0111\u00f4ng (kho\u1ea3ng 80 tri\u1ec7u ng\u01b0\u1eddi) n\u00ean di\u1ec7n t\u00edch \u0111\u1ea5t b\u00ecnh qu\u00e2n\u0111\u1ea7u ng\u01b0\u1eddi thu\u1ed9c lo\u1ea1i r\u1ea5t th\u1ea5p, x\u1ebfp th\u1ee9 159 v\u00e0 b\u1eb1ng 1/6 b\u00ecnh qu\u00e2nc\u1ee7a th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi. Di\u1ec7n t\u00edch

\u0111\u1ea5t can h t\u00e1c v\u1ed1n \u0111\u00e3th\u1ea5p nh\u01b0ng l\u1ea1i gi\u1ea3m theo th\u1eddi gian do s\u1ee9c \u00e9p t\u0103ng d\u00e2n s\u1ed1,
\u0111\u00f4 th\u1ecb ho\u00e1, c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p ho\u00e1 v\u00e0 chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1ee5c \u0111\u00edch s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng(B\u1ea3ng I.1).
B\u1ea3ng I.1 Gi\u1ea3m di\u1ec7n t \u00edch \u0111\u1ea5t canh t\u00e1c tr\u00ean\u0111\u1ea7u ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u1edf Vi\u1ec7t Nam
Ngu\u1ed3n: H\u1ed9i Khoa h\u1ecdc \u0110\u1ea5t Vi\u1ec7t Nam

C\u00e1c qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnhch\u00ednhtrong\u0111\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a Vi\u1ec7t Nam bao g\u1ed3m: qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnhphong ho\u00e1, trong\u0111\u00f3 phong ho\u00e1 ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 sinh h\u1ecdc x\u1ea3y ra m\u1ea1nh h\u01a1n so v\u1edbi phong ho\u00e1 l\u00fd h\u1ecdc; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh m\u00f9n ho\u00e1; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh b\u1ed3i t\u1ee5 h\u00ecnhth\u00e0nh\u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng v\u00e0

\u0111\u1ea5t b\u1eb1ng \u1edf mi\u1ec1n n\u00fai; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh gl\u00e2y ho\u00e1; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh m\u1eb7n ho\u00e1; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnhph\u00e8n

ho\u00e1; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh feral\u00edt ho\u00e1; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh al\u00edt; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnht\u00edch t\u1ee5 sial\u00edt; qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh th\u1ee5c ho\u00e1 v\u00e0 tho\u00e1i ho\u00e1\u0111\u1ea5t. Tu\u1ef3 theo \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ecba h\u00ecnh,\u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng v\u00e0 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng th\u1ee9c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng m\u00e0 qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnhn\u00e0y hay kh\u00e1c chi\u1ebfm\u01b0uth\u1ebf, quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u1ebfn h\u00ecnhth\u00e0nh nh\u00f3m, lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t v\u1edbi c\u00e1c t\u00ednh ch\u1ea5t \u0111\u1eb7c tr\u01b0ng.

Nh\u00ecn chung,\u0111\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a Vi\u1ec7t Nam \u0111a d\u1ea1ng v\u1ec1 lo\u1ea1i, phong ph\u00fa v\u1ec1 kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng. C\u0103n c\u1ee9 v\u00e0o ngu\u1ed3n g\u1ed1c h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 ph\u00e2n th\u00e0nh hai nh\u00f3ml\u1edbn: nh\u00f3m \u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh do b\u1ed3i t\u1ee5 (\u0111\u1ea5t thu\u1ef7 th\u00e0nh) c\u00f3 di\u1ec7n t\u00edch kho\u1ea3ng 8 tri\u1ec7u ha, chi\u1ebfm 28,27% t\u1ed5ng di\u1ec7n t\u00edch \u0111\u1ea5t t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean, trong\u0111\u00f3\u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng 7 tri\u1ec7u ha.

- Nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh t\u1ea1i ch\u1ed7 (\u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecba th\u00e0nh) c\u00f3 kho\u1ea3ng 25 tri\u1ec7u ha.
C\u00e1c nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t ch\u00ednh v\u00e0 s\u1ef1 ph\u00e2n b\u1ed1

Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u nh\u00f3m v\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t kh\u00e1c nhau, g\u1ed3m 31 lo\u1ea1i v\u00e0 13 nh\u00f3m. Ri\u00eang khu v\u1ef1c mi\u1ec1n n\u00fai chi\u1ebfm kho\u1ea3ng 25 tri \u1ec7u ha, bao g\u1ed3m 6 nh\u00f3m, 13 lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t ch\u00ednh ph\u00e2n b\u1ed1 tr\u00ean b\u1ed1n v\u00e0nh\u0111ai cao:

T\u1eeb 25 - 50m\u0111\u1ebfn 900 - 1.000m: 16,0 tri\u1ec7u ha, chi\u1ebfm 51,14%;
T\u1eeb 900 - 1.000m\u0111\u1ebfn 1.800-2.000m: 3,7 tri\u1ec7u ha, chi\u1ebfm 11,8%;
T\u1eeb 1.800 - 2000m\u0111\u1ebfn 2.800m: 0,16 tri\u1ec7u ha, chi\u1ebfm 0,47%;

T\u1eeb 2.800m \u0111\u1ebfn 3.143m: 1.200ha, chi\u1ebfm 0,02%.
B\u1ea3ng I.2. Hi\u1ec7n tr\u1ea1ng s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u1ea5t n\u0103m 2001
T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c cung c\u1ea5p t\u1ea1i Website :www. moi tru o n g.co. n r
B\u1ea3n quy\u1ec1n thu\u1ed9c v\u1ec1 H\u1ed9i Thi\u00ean Nhi\u00ean v\u00e0
B\u1ea3o v\u1ec7 M\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng Vi\u1ec7t Nam
Ngu\u1ed3n: Ni\u00ean gi\u00e1m Th\u1ed1ng k\u00ea, 2002
Nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t m\u00f9n th\u00f4 tr\u00ean n\u00fai cao

Tr\u00ean\u0111\u1ec9nh c\u00e1c d\u00e3y n\u00fai cao m\u00e0 cao nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0\u0111\u1ec9nh Phanxip\u0103ng, v\u1edbi nh\u1eefng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n phong ph\u00fa c\u1ee7a \u0111\u00e1 m\u1eb9, kh\u00ed h\u1eadu l\u1ea1i c\u00f3 ph\u1ea7n gi\u00e1 l\u1ea1nh c\u1ee7a m\u00f9a\u0111\u00f4ng \u00f4n\u0111\u1edbi v\u00e0 \u00e1 nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1edbi, th\u1ef1c v\u1eadt \u0111a ph\u1ea7n l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng lo\u00e0i c\u00e2y x\u1ee9 l\u1ea1nh,\u01b0a\u1ea9m. \u0110\u1ea5t \u1edf \u0111\u00e2y c\u00f3 t\u1ea7ng m\u00f9n th\u00f4 d\u00e0y\u0111\u1ebfn 10- 50cm n\u1eb1m ph\u1ee7 tr\u00ean t\u1ea7ng \u0111\u00e1 m\u1eb9 phong ho\u00e1 y\u1ebfu, ho\u1eb7c n\u1eb1m tr\u00ean t\u1ea7ng \u0111\u1ecdng n\u01b0\u1edbc b\u1ecb gl\u00e2y m\u1ea1nh. V\u00ec v\u1eady, \u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e0y

\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ea5t m\u00f9n tr\u00ean n\u00fai cao, \u0111\u1ea5t c\u00f3 m\u00e0u n\u00e2u \u0111en

ho\u1eb7c m\u00e0u v\u00e0ng x\u00e1m. Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e0y c\u00f3 di\u1ec7n t\u00edch kh\u00f4ng l\u1edbn, ch\u1ec9 g\u1eb7p tr\u00ean c\u00e1c\u0111\u1ec9nh n\u00fai cao v\u00f9ng Ho\u00e0ng Li\u00ean S\u01a1n (Ng\u1ecdc L\u0129nh; Ng\u1ecdc \u00c1ng, Ch\u01b0 Yang Sinh,...) v\u00e0 Nam Tr\u01b0\u1eddng S\u01a1n.\u0110\u00fang v\u1edbi t\u00ean g\u1ecdi c\u1ee7a n\u00f3, \u0111\u1ea5t m\u00f9n n\u00fai cao r\u1ea5t gi\u00e0u ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1, th\u01b0\u1eddng c\u00f3 h\u00e0ml\u01b0\u1ee3ng tr\u00ean 10%\u1edf l\u1edbp \u0111\u1ea5t m\u1eb7t. N\u1eb1m tr\u00ean m\u00e1i nh\u00e0 c\u1ee7a T\u1ed5 qu\u1ed1c, v\u00f9ng\u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e0y c\u1ea7n ph\u1ea3i gi\u1eef th\u1ea3m r\u1eebng che ph\u1ee7, v\u1eeba h\u1ea1n ch\u1ebf l\u0169 l\u1ee5t m\u00f9a m\u01b0a, v\u1eeba gi\u1eef ngu\u1ed3n sinhthu\u1ef7 m\u00f9a kh\u00f4,\u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi b\u1ea3o v\u1ec7 c\u00e1c lo\u00e0i sinh v\u1eadt qu\u00fd hi\u1ebfm.

Nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t m\u00f9n v\u00e0ng\u0111\u1ecf tr\u00ean n\u00fai

Ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c \u0111i xu\u1ed1ng nh\u1eefng v\u00f9ng c\u00f3\u0111\u1ed9 cao t\u1eeb 2.000m \u0111\u1ebfn 900m s\u1ebd g\u1eb7p nh\u1eefng nh\u00f3m \u0111\u1ea5t m\u00f9n v\u00e0ng\u0111\u1ecf tr\u00ean n\u00fai. N\u01a1i\u0111\u00e2y c\u00f3 kh\u00ed h\u1eadu l\u1ea1nh v\u00e0\u1ea9m, nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 trung b\u00ecnh t\u1eeb 15 - 20oC. Th\u1ea3m th\u1ef1c v\u1eadt nh\u00ecn chung c\u00f2n t\u1ed1t h\u01a1n v\u00f9ng\u0111\u1ed3i, ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t l\u00e0

\u0111\u1ea5t m\u00f9n v\u00e0ng \u0111\u1ecf tr\u00ean n\u00fai, ph\u00e2n b\u1ed1 \u1edf c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh mi\u1ec1n n\u00fai c\u1ea3
Do\u1edf \u0111\u1ecba h\u00ecnh cao, d\u1ed1c, hi\u1ec3m tr\u1edf n\u00ean\u0111\u1ea5t th\u01b0\u1eddng b\u1ecb x\u00f3i m\u00f2n
m\u1ea1nh. M\u1eb7t kh\u00e1c, do qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh phong ho\u00e1 y\u1ebfu n\u00ean t\u1ea7ng\u0111\u1ea5t
T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c cung c\u1ea5p t\u1ea1i Website :www. moi tru o n g.co. n r
B\u1ea3n quy\u1ec1n thu\u1ed9c v\u1ec1 H\u1ed9i Thi\u00ean Nhi\u00ean v\u00e0
B\u1ea3o v\u1ec7 M\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng Vi\u1ec7t Nam

kh\u00f4ng d\u00e0y qu\u00e1 1,5m.\u0110\u1ea5t c\u00f3 ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng chua v\u1eeba \u0111\u1ebfn chua \u00edt, pH t\u1eeb 4 - 5, l\u00e2n t\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 v\u00e0 d\u1ec5 ti\u00eau t\u1eeb ngh\u00e8o\u0111\u1ebfn trung b\u00ecnh, ngh\u00e8o c\u00e1c cation ki\u1ec1m, \u0111\u1ea5t c\u00f3 h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m\u00f9n th\u00f4 kh\u00e1 cao. Nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e0y th\u00edch h\u1ee3p cho vi\u1ec7c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng th\u1ee9c n\u00f4ng l\u00e2m k\u1ebft h\u1ee3p v\u1edbi nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i c\u00e2y \u0103n qu\u1ea3 \u00f4n \u0111\u1edbi, c\u00e2y d\u01b0\u1ee3c li\u1ec7u.

Nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf v\u00e0ng - feral\u00edt

R\u1eddi \u0111\u1ed9 cao 900m xu\u1ed1ng v\u00f9ng th\u1ea5p \u0111\u1ebfn 25m c\u00f3 nh\u00f3m \u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf v\u00e0ng - feral\u00edt.\u0110\u00e2y l\u00e0 nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t c\u00f3 di\u1ec7n t\u00edch l\u1edbn nh\u1ea5t (kho\u1ea3ng g\u1ea7n 20 tri\u1ec7u ha) \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh tr\u00ean nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u00e1 m\u1eb9, ph\u00e2n b\u1ed1 r\u1ed9ng kh\u1eafp c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh trung du v\u00e0 mi\u1ec1n n\u00fai c\u1ea3 n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 th\u00edch h\u1ee3p v\u1edbi nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i c\u00e2y tr\u1ed3ng. So v\u1edbi \u0111\u1ea5t v\u00f9ng\u0110\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng s\u00f4ng H\u1ed3ng th\u00ec nh\u1eefng y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh\u0111\u1ea5t n\u1ed5i b\u1eadt nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a v\u00f9ng\u0111\u1ed3i n\u00fai l\u00e0\u0111\u1ecba h\u00ecnh,\u0111\u00e1 m\u1eb9v\u00e0 r\u1eebng.

Nh\u00f3m\u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e0y c\u00f3 r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i, tu\u1ef3 theo\u0111\u00e1 m\u1eb9 v\u00e0\u0111\u1ecba h\u00ecnh, nh\u01b0ng\u0111\u00e1ng qu\u00fd h\u01a1n c\u1ea3 trong c\u00e1c l\u0129nh v\u1ef1c kinh t\u1ebf - x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i l\u00e0\u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e2u \u0111\u1ecf ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n tr\u00ean\u0111\u00e1 badan hay\u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf badan.

\u0110\u1ea5t n\u00e2u \u0111\u1ecf tr\u00ean badan
C\u00e1ch\u0111\u00e2y v\u00e0i ch\u1ee5c v\u1ea1n n\u0103m, \u1edf v\u00f9ng T\u00e2y Nguy\u00ean h\u00f9ng v\u0129, n\u00fai l\u1eeda
\u0111\u00e3 ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng li\u00ean t\u1ee5c. Nh\u1eefng dung nham n\u00f3ng ch\u1ea3y t\u1eeb s\u00e2u

trong l\u00f2ng\u0111\u1ea5t ra ngo\u00e0i, l\u1eafng \u0111\u1ecdng l\u1ea1i th\u00e0nh nh\u1eefng t\u1ea7ng \u0111\u00e1 badan. Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u00e1 n\u00e0y b\u1ecb phong ho\u00e1, t\u1ea1o \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ec3 c\u00e1c th\u1ebf h\u1ec7 c\u1ecf c\u00e2y hoa l\u00e1 n\u1ed1i ti\u1ebfp nhau ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n v\u00e0 d\u1ea7n h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh n\u00ean nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf ph\u00ec nhi\u00eau m\u00e0 ch\u00fang ta th\u01b0\u1eddng g\u1ecdi l\u00e0\u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf badan. Th\u1ef1c ra m\u00e0u\u0111\u1ecfl\u00e0 m\u00e0u chi\u1ebfm\u01b0u th\u1ebf, c\u00f2n th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf, \u0111\u00e2u \u0111\u00e2u c\u0169ng b\u1eaft g\u1eb7p nhi\u1ec1u m\u00e0u s\u1eafc c\u00f3 t\u00ednh pha tr\u1ed9n: m\u00e0u n\u00e2u\u0111\u1ecf, \u0111\u1ecf n\u00e2u,

\u0111\u1ecf v\u00e0ng, \u0111\u1ecf t\u00edm, v\u00e0ng \u0111\u1ecf,... th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n t\u00ednh \u0111\u1eb7c th\u00f9c\u1ee7a qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh
feral\u00edt ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n m\u1ea1nh.
\u0110\u00e2y l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t t\u1ed1t nh\u1ea5t tr\u00ean c\u00e1c v\u00f9ng \u0111\u1ed3i n\u00fai c\u1ee7a n\u01b0\u1edbc ta
- m\u1ed9t vi\u00ean ng\u1ecdc \u0111\u1ed3 s\u1ed9 v\u00e0 v\u00f4 c\u00f9ng qu\u00fd gi\u00e1.\u0110\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf badan t\u1eadp
trung nhi\u1ec1u nh\u1ea5t \u1edf c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh Kon Tum, Gia Lai, \u0110\u1eafk L\u1eafk, L\u00e2m
\u0110\u1ed3ng, \u0110\u1ed3ng Nai, ph\u00eda nam B\u00ecnh Thu\u1eadn, Ph\u00fa Y\u00ean, ph\u1ea7n gi\u1eefa c\u1ee7a
Th\u1eeba Thi\u00ean - Hu\u1ebf, v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t di\u1ec7n t\u00edch nh\u1ecf \u1edf Qu\u1ea3ng Tr\u1ecb, Ngh\u1ec7 An.
T\u1ed5ng di\u1ec7n t\u00edch kho\u1ea3ng 2.425.28ha, ri\u00eang T\u00e2y Nguy\u00ean c\u00f3 kho\u1ea3ng
1 tri\u1ec7u ha. T\u1ea7ng \u0111\u1ea5t d\u00e0y l\u1ea1i c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac t\u1ed1t, \u0111\u1ed9 x\u1ed1p cao, dung tr\u1ecdng th\u1ea5p, t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 kho\u00e1ng
\u0111ang phong ho\u00e1 v\u00e0 ch\u01b0a phong ho\u00e1 th\u1ea5p. Do c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u s\u00e9t n\u00ean kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng gi\u1eef n\u01b0\u1edbc c\u1ee7a
\u0111\u1ea5t r\u1ea5t cao. Sau tr\u1eadn m\u01b0al\u1edbn, qua 3 -4ng\u00e0y l\u01b0\u1ee3ng n\u01b0\u1edbc m\u00e0 \u0111\u1ea5t gi\u1eef \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c v\u1eabn c\u00f2n t\u1edbi

40 - 50%. V\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t ho\u00e1 t\u00ednh, \u0111\u1ea5t kh\u00e1 gi\u00e0u l\u00e2n t\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1, \u1edf v\u00f9ng m\u1edbi khai hoang, h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng l\u00e2n \u0111\u1ea1t 0,5%, \u1edf c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u01a1ng c\u00e0 ph\u00ea, trung b\u00ecnh l\u00e0 0,2 - 0,3%, song l\u00e2n d\u1ec5 ti\u00eau l\u1ea1i r\u1ea5t ngh\u00e8o v\u00ec Fe3+, Al3+ gi\u1eef ch\u1eb7t. Tuy nhi\u00ean\u0111\u1ea5t chua, \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t kho\u00e1ng v\u1eadt s\u00e9t r\u1ea5t \u0111\u01a1n

\u0111i\u1ec7u, ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 kaolin\u00edt, c\u00e1c kho\u00e1ng v\u1eadt hy\u0111r\u00f4mica kh\u00f4ng c\u00f2n t\u1ed3n t\u1ea1i, do \u0111\u00f3, \u0111\u1ea5t r\u1ea5t ngh\u00e8o

kali.\u0110\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf badan th\u00edch h\u1ee3p v\u1edbi nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i c\u00e2y tr\u1ed3ng, ri\u00eang "b\u1ed9 ba" c\u00e0 ph\u00ea, cao su v\u00e0 ch\u00e8\u0111\u00e3\u0111em l\u1ea1i cho n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf qu\u1ed1c d\u00e2n m\u1ed9t ngu\u1ed3n thu nh\u1eadp \u0111\u00e1ng k\u1ec3. Ng\u00e0y nay, m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 v\u00f9ng c\u00f2n ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i c\u00e2y tr\u1ed3ng kh\u00e1c nh\u01b0 b\u00f4ng, m\u00eda\u0111\u01b0\u1eddng, \u0111i\u1ec1u v\u00e0 nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i c\u00e2y \u0103n qu\u1ea3 c\u00f3 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb kinh t\u1ebf cao c\u0169ng \u0111ang h\u1ee9a h\u1eb9n nhi\u1ec1u tri\u1ec3n v\u1ecdng. \u0110\u1ea5t c\u00f3 kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng gi\u1eef \u1ea9m cao, c\u0169ng c\u00f3 ngh\u0129a l\u00e0\u0111\u1ed9 \u1ea9m c\u00e2y h\u00e9o l\u1edbn (27 - 30%) n\u00ean v\u00e0o m\u00f9a kh\u00f4 th\u01b0\u1eddng b\u1ecb h\u1ea1n h\u00e1n nghi\u00eam tr\u1ecdng, c\u00e2y tr\u1ed3ng th\u01b0\u1eddng b\u1ecb thi\u1ebfu n\u01b0\u1edbc. Ch\u00ednh v\u00ec v\u1eady, \u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e0y t\u1ecf ra "kh\u00f3 t\u00ednh" \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 lo\u1ea1i c\u00e2y tr\u1ed3ng, nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0\u1edf v\u1ee5 \u0110\u00f4ng Xu\u00e2n. \u0110\u1ea5t mi\u1ec1n r\u1eebng n\u00fai\u0111a d\u1ea1ng, di\u1ec7n t\u00edch\u0111\u1ea5t th\u00ec r\u1ed9ng nh\u01b0ng khai th\u00e1c v\u00e0 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u00f2n nhi\u1ec1u b\u1ea5t c\u1eadp, c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft ph\u1ea3i c\u00f3 nh\u1eefng gi\u1ea3i ph\u00e1p th\u00edch h\u1ee3p v\u00ec c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ea5t n\u00e0y gi\u1eef vai tr\u00f2 quan tr\u1ecdng trong ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n kinh t\u1ebf - x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i c\u1ee7a n\u01b0\u1edbc ta.

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