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Adaptations

Adaptations

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Published by lauren2112

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Published by: lauren2112 on Oct 17, 2011
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10/17/2011

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Adaptations to resistance training
acute responses to training involve how the body responds to one bout of exerciseChronic physiological adaptations to training mark how the body responds over time to the stress of repeated exerciseIf no psychological adaptations occur improvement may not happenStrength - maximal force that a muscle or muscle group can generatePower - product of strength and speed of movement - force x distance/timeMuscular endurance - capacity to substain repeated muscle actionsThe neurological muscular system is very responsive to training1.) the muscle/muscle group you want to condition2.) intensity if training3.) number of repetitions4.) numbers of sets per workoutIf the emphasis is on strength, need to emphase on intensityGains in strength1.) increased muscle size (hypertrophy)2.) alterations in neural controlof trained muscleStudies have found that strength gains can be achieved without changes in muscle size, but not withoutneurological adaptationsMuscle hypertrophyTransient - short term response, pumping up of muscle during single exercise bout due to fluidaccumulationChronic - long term, increase of muscle size after long term resistance training due to changes inmuscle fibre size or number of muscle fibres (fiber hyperplasia)The number of myofibrils, actin and myosin filaments increaseIncrease in size of sacroplasmMuscle protein synthesis increases during the post- exercise periodTestosterone plays role in promoting muscle growthMuscle hyperplasiaMuscle fibers split in half with intense weight trainingEach half then increases to the size of parent fiber Satellite cells may also be involved in skeletal muscle fiber generationResistance training in cats9% increases of muscle fibers54% increase of body weightFiber type alterationsEarly research found speed training could not alter basic fiber typeFast twitch fibers cane become more oxidative with aerobic training Neural adaptations

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