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Food & Process Engineering Technology

Food & Process Engineering Technology

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Published by: api-3773333 on Oct 16, 2008
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Food & Process Engineering
Technology
L.R. Wilhelm, D.A. Suter, G.H. Brusewitz
Amer Society of Agricultural(2005)
Table Of Contents
Introductory Comments
viii
Chapter 1 Introduction: Problem-Solving Tools
1 (22)
1.1 Introduction
1 (1)
1.2 Significant Digits
1 (1)
1.3 Unit Factors
2 (1)
1.4 Algebraic Equations
3 (1)
1.5 Exponents and Logarithms
4 (2)
1.5.1 Exponents
4 (1)
1.5.2 Logarithms
5 (1)
1.6 Graphs and Coordinate Systems
6 (3)
1.6.1 General (Cartesian) Coordinates
7 (1)
1.6.2 Logarithmic Graphs
7 (1)
1.6.3 Plotting Graphs
8 (1)
1.7 Presentation of Information
9 (2)
1.8 Interpolation of Tabular Data
11 (1)
1.9 Mass and Energy Balances
12 (3)
1.10 The Rate Equation
15 (1)
1.11 Spreadsheets-A Problem-Solving Tool
15 (4)
List of Symbols
19 (1)
References
19 (1)
Problems
19 (4)
Chapter 2 Physical Properties of Food Materials
23 (30)
2.1 Introduction
23 (1)
2.2 Physical Properties Applications
24 (1)
2.3 Physical Characteristics
25 (4)
2.4 Surface Activity
29 (1)
2.5 Moisture in Foods
29 (5)
2.6 Solid-Fluid Behavior
34 (5)
2.6.1 Introduction
34 (1)
2.6.2 Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids
35 (4)
2.7 Thermal Properties
39 (5)
2.8 Electromagnetic Properties
44 (3)
2.9 Sources of Physical Properties Data
47 (2)
List of Symbols
49 (1)
References
50 (1)
Problems
51 (2)
Chapter 3 Texture of Food Materials
53 (12)
3.1 Introduction to Texture
53 (1)
3.2 Sensory or Subjective Measurements
53 (1)
3.3 Instrumental or Objective Measurement Methods
54 (7)
3.3.1 Fundamental Concepts and Definitions
54 (2)
3.3.2 Stress-Strain Behavior
56 (5)
3.4 Compression Test of Food Materials of Convex Shape
61 (1)
3.5 Conclusion
62 (1)
List of Symbols
62 (1)
References
62 (1)
Problems
62 (3)
Chapter 4 Fluid Flow
65 (46)
4.1 Characteristics of Fluids
65 (1)
4.2 Pressure vs. Depth
66 (2)
4.3 Conservation Equations
68 (8)
4.3.1 Continuity Equation (Conservation of Mass)
68 (3)
4.3.2 Conservation of Energy
71 (5)
4.4 Fluid Friction
76 (4)
4.4.1 Factors Affecting Friction Losses
76 (2)
4.4.2 Calculation of Friction Losses
78 (2)
4.5 Losses in Pipes with Fittings
80 (3)
4.6 Selecting the Correct Pipe Size
83 (1)
4.7 Power Requirements for Pumping
83 (5)
4.8 Pump Types and Characteristics
88 (4)
4.8.1 Introduction
88 (1)
4.8.2 Suction Pumps
88 (1)
4.8.3 Positive Displacement Pumps
89 (2)
4.8.4 Centrifugal Pumps
91 (1)
4.9 Selecting a Pump
92 (2)
4.10 Pump Performance vs. System Curves
94 (1)
4.11 Fans
95 (3)
4.11.1 Introduction
95 (1)
4.11.2 Fan Power Requirements
96 (1)
4.11.3 Fan Laws
97 (1)
4.12 Flow Measurement
98 (8)
4.12.1 Introduction
98 (1)
4.12.2 Collection Methods
98 (1)
4.12.3 Positive Displacement Meters
99 (1)
4.12.4 Obstruction Meters
99 (3)
4.12.5 Rotameters
102 (1)
4.12.6 Approximate Pipe Flow Measurements
102 (1)
4.12.7 Open Channel Flow
103 (1)
4.12.8 Velocity Measurement
104 (1)
4.12.9 Other Methods
105 (1)
List of Symbols
106 (1)
References
107 (1)
Problems
108 (3)
Chapter 5 Heat Transfer
111 (32)
5.1 Thermodynamic Concepts
111 (3)
5.1.1 Introduction to Thermodynamics
111 (1)
5.1.2 Energy and Power
112 (1)
5.1.3 Heat Transfer-An Application of Thermodynamics
113 (1)
5.2 Conduction Heat Transfer
114 (1)
5.3 Convection Heat Transfer
115 (1)
5.4 Radiation Heat Transfer
115 (1)
5.5 "Practical" Heat Transfer
116 (1)
5.6 Heat Transfer through Walls
116 (2)
5.7 Heat Transfer through Pipe Walls (Radial Heat Transfer)
118 (2)
5.8 Heat Transfer through Composite Pipes and Cylinders
120 (3)
5.9 Dimensionless Parameters
123 (2)
5.10 Heat Transfer to Flowing Fluids
125 (3)
5.11 Heat Exchangers
128 (2)
5.12 Analysis of a Simple Heat Exchanger
130 (3)
5.13 Thermal Resistance in a Heat Exchanger
133 (4)
List of Symbols
137 (1)
References
138 (1)
Problems
139 (4)
Chapter 6 Transient Heat Transfer
143 (20)
6.1 Factors Affecting Transient Heat Transfer
143 (1)
6.2 Transient Heat Transfer with Uniform Internal Temperature (Newtonian Heating)
144 (2)
6.3 Materials Having High Thermal Resistances
146 (1)
6.4 Use of the Solution Charts
147 (13)
6.4.1 Parameters Used in the Solution
147 (3)
6.4.2 Steps in Use of Solution Charts
150 (10)
List of Symbols
160 (1)
References
160 (1)
Problems
161 (2)
Chapter 7 Thermal Processing
163 (30)
7.1 Introduction
163 (1)
7.2 Microorganisms
164 (1)
7.3 Thermal Processing
165 (11)
7.3.1 Sterilization
166 (1)
7.3.2 Thermal Death Calculations
167 (5)
7.3.3 Sterilization Equipment (Retorts)
172 (4)
7.4 Heat Penetration During Processing
176 (6)
7.5 Adequacy of Sterilization
182 (4)

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