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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Global climate change and health: an old story writ large
Climate change:overview of recent scientific assessments
Climate and human health:an ancient struggle
Potential health impacts of climate change
Population vulnerability and adaptive responses
Conclusions
CHAPTER 1.CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH:AN OLD STORY WRIT LARGE 15
References
Weather and climate:changing human exposures
The climate system and greenhouse gases
Weather,climate and climate variability
Climate change
Climate variability and change over the twentieth century
Special Report on Emission Scenarios
Anthropogenic climate change
Climate modelling
Exposure assessment
Direct effects on health
Indirect effects on health
Assessments of health impacts by IPCC region
Africa
Asia
Australia and New Zealand
Europe
Latin America
North America
Polar regions
Small island states
Post-TAR assessments
Tasks for public health scientists
Establishing baseline relationships
Seeking evidence for early health effects of climate change
Developing scenario-based models (future effects)
Recognizing and responding to uncertainty
General issues concerning uncertainty
Impacts on health of climate extremes
El Niño and infectious diseases
Malaria
Dengue
Rodent-borne diseases
Diarrhoeal illness
Temperature extremes:heatwaves and cold spells
The impact of heatwave events on mortality
Vulnerability to temperature-related mortality
Winter mortality
Natural disasters
Trends in weather disasters
The health impacts of disasters
Climate change and infectious diseases
Directly transmitted diseases
Climate sensitivity of infectious disease
Seasonality of infectious disease
Vector-borne diseases
Documented and predicted climate/infectious disease links
Historical evidence of climate/infectious disease links
Early indicators for long-term trends in global warming
Predictive modelling
Modifying influences
Sociodemographic influences
Environmental influences
Conclusions and recommended future steps
General methods
Estimating burden of disease attributable to a risk factor
Definition of risk factor and exposure scenario
Methods for estimating exposure to climate change
Outcomes to be assessed
Methods for estimating risk factor-disease relationships
Specific health impacts
Diarrhoeal disease
Malnutrition
Falciparummalaria
Aggregated estimates for 2000
Solar UVR measurement
Main types of health impacts
Disorders of the skin
Eye disorders
Immune system function and immune-related disorders
Public health message re UVR exposure
Health impact assessments:key concepts and methods
Methods for climate-change impact assessments
Review of national health assessments
Developed countries
Developing countries
Small island developing states
Recommendations for developing methods and tools
Literature reviews
Use of climate scenarios
Integrated assessment
Integration between sectors
Integration across a region
Adaptation assessment
Methodological considerations
Evidence of climate change
Attribution
Effect modification
General principles
Evidence of climate sensitivity
Public health burden
Practicality
Data requirements and data sources
Meteorology
Health markers
Other explanatory factors
Examples
Adaptation
Adaptation,climate impacts,and vulnerability assessment
Adaptation and prevention
Coping with climate
Adaptive capacity
Determinants of adaptive capacity
Economic resources
Technology
Information and skills
Infrastructure
Institutions
Equity
Health status and pre-existing disease burdens
Research needs
Boundaries between assessment and policy formation
Decision-making criteria
Decision-support tools
Response options
Assessment as a multidisciplinary activity
Stakeholder engagement
Evaluation of adaptation options
CASE STUDY #3Hot weather watch/warning systems
Characterization of uncertainties
Conclusions and recommendations
Climate related exposures
Reaching consensus on the science
Remaining challenges for scientists
Extreme climate events
Infectious diseases
The burden of disease
Stratospheric ozone depletion,climate change and health
National assessments
Monitoring climate change impacts on human health
Adapting to climate change
Responses:from science to policy
Concluding remarks
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Climchange and Health Book

Climchange and Health Book

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Published by Zahir G Shaikh

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Published by: Zahir G Shaikh on Oct 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/22/2013

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