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Basic Java

Basic Java

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Published by: api-25930603 on Oct 16, 2008
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Basic Java
Basic Java
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Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Java\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026..\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.3 2. The language package\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026................29 3. The Utilities package\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.................36 4. The I/ O Package\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.48 5. Applet Programming\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026...............68 6. Multithreading\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026.109 7. Networking in Java\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026..120 8. Java Database Connectivity\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026131

Basic Java
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CHAPTER-1: INTRODUCTION TO JAVA

Java, a Web programming technology, had altered the course of software development, especially in regard to the Internet. Java sports all features necessary for extending the Web in ways previously impossible. Java was designed with issues such as portability and reliability in mind. Because of Java, the entire concept of the Web and what it can do is being redefined.

Java is a simple, distributed, interpreted, secure, architecturally neutral, portable, high-performance, multithreaded and dynamic language. But what exactly makes Java unique is that it is the first programming language that can be used for writing general-purpose applications, as well as programs designed for the Internet.

Java Buzzwords:
SIMPLICITY

Java was designed to be a powerful language but simple. To support the development of large software, the concept of package is used. The major difference was the removal of the direct use of pointers. Java automatically handles referencing and dereferencing of language objects. Other difference includes the

removal of support for data structures like struct, union. Its in-built classes
provide this. Also, the concepts of operator overloading and multiple-inheritance
in the form of classes have been removed.
OBJECT-ORIENTED NATURE

The notion of object in Java is implemented by its class construct. In fact, it is not possible to write a Java program that does something meaningful without using the class construct. Java language comes with very powerful set of pre-defined classes with a hierarchy level.

DISTRIBUTED NATURE

Java provides the network capabilities by a pre-defined package java.net. This package has many classes that simplify the network communication. Accessing to any remote object is also possible in Java via the java.rmi package.

ARCHITECTURALLY NEUTRAL

The Java Compiler does not produce the machine language instructions that make up the executable Java Program. The Java Compiler DOES NOT generate a .exe file. Instead the compiler produces an intermediate code called as 'byte code'. Java byte code is an architecturally neutral representation of the program, that is, it is independent of any processor type or machine architecture. These byte codes are read by the Java interpreter and the same is executed using an internal model of an abstract machine. The Java Interpreter and the implementation of this abstract machine are called the JAVA VIRTUAL MACHINE.

SECURE LANGUAGE
Before any Java program is interpreted, the Java runtime system performs a byte-
code verification to ensure that the program is not violating the system integrity. Also,
Basic Java
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