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GPR Survey Report: Ravne Tunnels, Bosnia and Herzegovina

GPR Survey Report: Ravne Tunnels, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Published by Nenad M. Djurdjevic
Investigations in Ravne tunnel labyrinth in Visoko, Bosnia were performed with the IDS SpA ground-penetrating radar (GPR) unit, "Detector DUO" on July 22, 2011.
Investigations in Ravne tunnel labyrinth in Visoko, Bosnia were performed with the IDS SpA ground-penetrating radar (GPR) unit, "Detector DUO" on July 22, 2011.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Nenad M. Djurdjevic on Oct 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/30/2013

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GPR SURVEY REPORT:
RAVNE TUNNEL LABYRITNH VISOKO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
LUDI RESEARCH Arch. Vincenzo Di GregorioVia Milano, 6023899 Robbiate (LC)ricerche@ludisrl.cominfo@aereofoto.it
LUDI RESEARCH Arch. V. Di Gregorio - Via Milano 60 - 23899 Robbiate (LC) Copyright ©
 
2011 All rights resereved
 
ANALYSIS OF GPR SCANS IN RAVNE TUNNELS
Investigations in Ravne tunnel labyrinth in Visoko, Bosniawere performed with the IDS SpA ground-penetratingradar (GPR) unit, "Detector DUO" on July 22, 2011.This specific GPR unit consists of two transmitting antennas,of which one acts as a receiver. The antennas work at twodifferent frequencies: 200 MHz and 600 MHz, providingdetailed, superior-resolution, easy-to-interpret real-timeresults of both deep and shallow targets.(Fig. 1-2)The GPR “Detect DUO” is distinguished from other models in that a signal already in the phase ofacquisition can be visualized on a computer screen.With this GPR unit, we scanned Ravne tunnel labyrinth after the fill-in material had been removed.We were able to identify separate anomalies of artificial origin which stood out clearly from thenatural geological substrate. The subsoil of Ravne tunnel labyrinth is made of natural rock for themost part stratified in parallel layers, at an angle of approximately 45 degrees.The first artificial anomaly detected in Ravne tunnel labyrinth consists of a double layer situatedapproximately parallel to the existing average grade at a depth ranging from 50 to 80 centimetersbelow grade. The artificial nature of the layer is evident because it intersects the 45-degree-inclinednatural geological strata. However, the specific nature of this anomaly is not able to bedetermined without excavation.
LUDI RESEARCH Arch. V. Di Gregorio - Via Milano 60 - 23899 Robbiate (LC) Copyright ©
 
2011 All rights resereved
 
(Fig. 3)
artificial levelnaturally stratified roc
The most important below-ground anomaly has been located inside a section of Ravne tunnellabyrinth approximately 150 meters along the main tunnel section's winding course, measuring fromthe main entrance.The anomaly is a structure appearing as a double "X" (one X directly above the other), composedof a material that has been able to survive a very wet environment for thousands of years.Supplemental GPR scans detected a number of other elements.1) Three different lines of an artificial nature were clearly distinguished. The first line's level is at adepth of 30 centimeters below ground surface. This three-level anomaly is most likely associatedwith drainage construction in more recent times.2) Two other below-ground levels were discovered: the first at a depth of 1.5 meters, and thesecond at a depth of 3 meters, near the double-X anomaly. Since the scanned section exceeds 20meters it is probable that these levels were constructed at a time contemporary with the entireanomaly structure.One plausible hypothesis for these two below-ground levels is an ancient water drainage system, ahypothesis supported by the presence of a layer of loose soil, soaked with water, surrounding thehorizontal structure (indicated in the figure below with a blurred line around the romboidal --diamond-shaped -- structure).This layer could be a thick layer of clay, at least 1 meter in thickness and distributed on both sides.Clay provides good water isolation even in highly permeable fractured rock, and even when watersoaked.3) Another interesting feature seen in supplemental GPR scans is 12 transverse "rods" on both sidesof the structure at a distance of approximately 25 centimeters from the "rod" above or below.("Rods" are highlighted with red dots). These "rods" may not be the only ones present in the structurebut may simply be those that have best resisted decay over time.
LUDI RESEARCH Arch. V. Di Gregorio - Via Milano 60 - 23899 Robbiate (LC) Copyright ©
 
2011 All rights resereved

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